Africa News blog

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How will Chinese culture influence Africa?

January 22, 2010

chinaSo far, media coverage of China’s involvement in Africa has mostly been about investment. Stories of Chinese engineers in hard hats standing by roads up mountains in Ethiopia. Stories of Chinese farmers moving to Zambia. 

But, in a push to extent its economic reach, China is now making a very real effort to export its culture to the world’s poorest continent. Last year the Asian giant overtook the U.S. as Africa’s top trading partner, confirming to the West that it has a real battle on its hands to maintain its influence over African nations.

But, while China’s economic influence is now mighty and its cheap goods can be bought everywhere from Lagos to tiny tribal villages in remotest Ethiopia, Africans, especially young ones, still admire and try to copy U.S. culture.

Middle class teenagers in Nairobi dress like suburban kids from Atlanta, posters of Obama adorn minibus windows in Kinshasa, American hip-hop is everywhere.

China now seems to have realised this.

Here in Addis Ababa this week China and Ethiopia signed an agreement to work on a “cultural exchange program” from 2010 to 2013. Ethiopia’s state news agency said the countries will dispatch “art troupes, artists, writers and art exhibitions” to each other. It will be interesting to see how mutual the traffic is.

And it’s not just China trying to use culture to secure access to a continent overflowing with mineral resources and a largely untapped consumer market of nearly 1 billion people with more money in their pockets each year.

Addis Ababa is host to Chinese, Indian and even Turkish schools where Ethiopian children must sing the national anthems of those countries every morning, where they learn their languages, their dances, their songs, their particular set of manners. And where they learn a foreign history alongside their own.

Such schools and “cultural exchange programs” are mushrooming all over the continent as the war for influence over African countries heats up.

Similar schools from the European powers have, of course, existed for years, educating and, sometimes indoctrinating, Africa’s elite. But the British, the French, the Germans and the Spanish are losing ground to the world’s emerging powers.

So how will this all play out? What will the impact of these new cultural imports be on the individual cultures of African countries, arguably still the most unique and preserved in the world? Is this really just imperialism version 2.0?

Comments

Africa led by the West has not been given the opportunity to become self sufficient. Post independence colonization has robbed us of our identity, self worth, values, diaspora, tradition and culture. Any alternative is better than the present sad state of Africa where nations in most cases churn out corrupt leaders that rush to rape the continent to death while their puppet masters keeping the loot. “Corruption”, I say, is not an African word.

China is the next Super Power that is not overtly bothered with holding Africa back, rather it’s focus is on keeping the momentum of it’s impressive economic growth fuelled by African resources. Africa must learn that the Chinese did this miracle the Chinese way and not the way of America or Europe…

Though our youths are in awe of the urban American culture ie new global culture, they are die hard fanatics of Chinese and Indian movies. I constantly surprise my Indian and Chinese friends in the UK by naming their most famous film stars. I grew up watching films like enter the dragon, snake in the monkey shadow, Amar, Akuba and Tony, The Promise, burning train et al.

The rich African Culture is similar to the Chinese one, where they are both male dominated, authoritative, spiritual, historical, respect for elders, children raised by the village and not the nuclear family, live off natural food not processed “food” and many more.

Africa will do a lot of business with China but this time we will negotiate from a postition of strength, as we are the last virgin at the party. No more twenty slaves for one mirror…Now it is one mirror for one mirror, period!

Kevin Idehen

Posted by Kefosa | Report as abusive
 

Oh it will play out well. China does not have colonial history with Africa, China stood on the side of African Liberation movements, when United States didn’t. African and Chines economic relations will play out well, and is the most positive aspect of this Chines surge toward Africa. China needs africa’s unexploited vast resources to power up its growing economy, and african states want investments and capital to develope their economies. On the cultural aspect, besides Chines Cusine & action packed movies, there is’t much cultural influence china can have over Africans. For style and cultural influences Africans look toward the United States.That is the fact.

Posted by henok | Report as abusive
 

Its a very interesting question. I hail from Mombasa and in the Museum You will find Chinese porcelain from [If my Memory's Museum serves me right] from the c16th. So China has not come out of absolutely nowhere though we had a very long Hiatus before the recent Hyper Growth Re Emergence.

The Finger Print Evidence resides in the Trade Hyper Growth Curve and the fact that Africa is providing the Fuel for the Chinese Locomotive. Today You will find all kinds of African Traders making their way back and forth from China. Look at the number of Airline Frequencies between Africa and China compared to just Ten Years Ago.
Furthermore, the Chinese and African History is a shared One and not an Imperial One. This gives China a singular Advantage.

The Cultural exchange is set to deepen and broaden. The Flow of Chinese to Africa and Africans to China will accelerate this late cycle Phenomenon. I have read there is a Chocolate City within a City in many Chinese Cities. Well the same applies here in Africa.

The Ubiquity of Western TV and Cinema is the Challenge but the World is as Flat as a Pancake now and the Proliferation of the Internet and Delivery Channels surely means that the Exchange of African and Chinese Culture and Understanding will soon inflect at a speed and Velocity just as quick as the Trade Curve.

And I do feel the Chinese are at Ground Level whereas many from the Western World are seeing Africa from behind an Air Conditioned Car or Office.

Aly-Khan Satchu
http://www.rich.co.ke

Posted by AlyKhanSatchu | Report as abusive
 

Good point Kevin Idehen. are you from africa?

Posted by Rombesto | Report as abusive
 

if anybody can see it out clearly, this time has been well curved out, africa and china have the apportunity to make their desire in the western dominated so called economic round- tables. whoever thinks that chinese culture, is not going right in africa is wrong, i always see in mombasa kenya how chinese people from all aspects of life flood the streets, eat locally buy locally and live locally, but guess what happens when an american arrives of a spanish!, in beijing i see africans busy with their business partners, nobody interferes, trust me, its taking pace and in 10- 15yrs to come, we shall be seeing a real revolution in all spheres of life in africa, because china is in to stay,

Posted by ezzexeter | Report as abusive
 

I’m just one man, I am praying to GOD to help Africa Countries. The ideal of Chinese coming Africa to do any thing is very bad, all Chinese want are profit I swear to GOD the west are Far better than the Chinese in all ways…… but nobody will agree…. The Chinese hate us Africans more than any other race. They corrupt our leaders with the ideal of the west being selfish. I will not be surprise if they exchange business with arms so we can fight and kill each other. They carry their lack human right to our Continent treat our people who work for them as animal……….. there nothing to be happy about with the Chinese doing business with us, their life is full of lies and deceitful act……

Posted by mixtapebox | Report as abusive
 

@ mixtapebox

There’s no such thing as GOD and just praying which is akin to inaction will only end in futility. Look at the current situation in Africa under the influence of the west and could you still say to yourself that is better?

Give the Chinese a chance and see what they can bring to the table.

Posted by Arilon | Report as abusive
 

The major threat to Africa is Islam and backward evangelist US exports (to Uganda), not the Chinese economy.

Posted by nontheist | Report as abusive
 

africa is a consuming continent, we africans must ask ourselves this question .what are african nations producing or manufacturing ? what is job improvements in afarica? plz !plz!! plz!1! africa is not a dumping ground.china is worst esperience africa will have in future because even in nigeria all the small and medium scale industries have folded up.because of cheap and low and fake goods imported from china.no human right value in china.plz GOD give africans visions and learned leaders and removed from us those selfish and wicked ones that is pundering us day by day.

Posted by amara | Report as abusive
 

God forbid! Africans are displaying the servility and inertia that has led us to where we are today. Africa can do business with any and everybody, but one thing is clear; there is no such thing as a free lunch. Chinese have more than a billion people which they are unleashing on the rest of the world. These guys want to subdue the world and they do not respect human rights. They have no mechanism for recourse except the Chinese communist party. Africans should shudder at the thought of having a tight embrace with this dragon. but no! “lets see what they bring to the table!!” What table? The table you will be sacrificed on one day. Just like at the Berlin conference when Africa was shared between western powers. After they had embraced them too closely, drinking their whiskey, selling their brothers, giving them land, all in the name of seeing what they would bring to that proverbial table. Only to discover that Africa was what was for lunch. Strange how history repeats itself. Only a fall does the same thing over and over expecting a different result.

Posted by njemnu | Report as abusive
 

While China stood on the side of African Liberation, China saw thr golden opportunity in Africa. While the China and the African states seem to have a dynamic relationship now, let’s see 20 – 30 years down the road. Remember, there’s a price to pay for everything!

The US is short-sighted indeed when it fails to recognize the great potential in Africa and the ultimate benefit that can be realised from increased active trade between the two regions.

Posted by jvwh3b | Report as abusive
 

Well, well , well, for those who see China as the promised one, pls do you research. China is in a quest to conquer the world. Where best to start than the wall that has toppled itself through corruption and inefficiency – Africa! A continent with vast but unguarded natural recourses. I live in Europe and where as a black person i can say that most western Europeans are racist, Chinese however go several notches beyond. Theirs is a government with no respect for her citizen, now using her citizen and cheap goods to snare sitting ducks – African countries. Most Chinese believe that Africans are barbarians anyway. Europeans will marry black, ditto Americans. Chinese however see black as leprous. If I were one of these African leaders, I’ll say, let stick with the enemy we know. Not these sneaky cheap Chinese!

Posted by lebon | Report as abusive
 

Well, well , well, for those who see China as the promised one, pls do your research. China is in a quest to conquer the world. Where best to start than the wall that has toppled itself through corruption and inefficiency – Africa! A continent with vast but unguarded natural recourses. I live in Europe and where as a black person i can say that most western Europeans are racist, Chinese however go several notches beyond. Theirs is a government with no respect for her citizen, now using her citizen and cheap goods to snare sitting ducks – African countries. Most Chinese believe that Africans are barbarians anyway. Europeans will marry black, ditto Americans. Chinese however see black as leprous. If I were one of these African leaders, I’ll say, let stick with the enemy we know. Not these sneaky cheap Chinese!

Posted by lebon | Report as abusive
 

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Posted by asksimba | Report as abusive
 

For more in-depth news about Africa, you may want to visit Newstime Africa http://www.newstimeafrica.com – We cover the whole of Africa. You will get our views on this topic and much more.

Posted by Newstime | Report as abusive
 

Thanks to all my African Brothers and Sisters who express their ideas here, I must say the days of fouling African is over, we are ready anyone who is willing to do a business with us as long they are counter partnering with us to do business and not compromising our natural resources. We need to take stand and choice who is our real friends and have the best interest of our, free food’s day is over; we now need the seeds to plant of our foods and machines to produce the goods. Africa is in the stage where America ones where, “The industrial revolution” and we need all the help we can get from America, Europe, Middle East, Asia. We Africans no longer satisfied with the worlds hand out.
Africa needs a Marshall Plan what America did for Europe in June 5, 1947 See link “ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Pl an “ this is the only way Africa’s mind an harts could be won by America and allies, anything less, would be insult to Africa and Chine’s new relationship with Africa should not be under minded or anybody who wants to do business with.

Posted by Africantimes | Report as abusive
 

Thanks to all my African Brothers and Sisters who express their ideas here, I must say the days of fouling African is over, we are ready anyone who is willing to do a business with us as long they are counter partnering with us to do business and not compromising our natural resources. We need to take stand and choice who is our real friends and have the best interest of our continent. The free food’s day is over; we now need the seeds to plant of our foods and machines to produce the goods. Africa is in the stage where America ones where in “The industrial revolution era”. We need all the help we can get from America, Europe, Middle East, and Asia. We Africans no longer satisfied with the worlds hand out and left over. Africa needs a Marshall Plan, what America did for Europe in June 5, 1947 See link “ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marshall_Pl an “ This is the only way Africa’s mind an harts could be won by Americans and allies, anything less, would be insult to Africa. Furthermore, Chine’s new relationship with Africa should not be under minded.

Posted by Africantimes | Report as abusive
 

I tell you that Chinese has been in Africa 80 years before the coming of the west.The came only to trade and to intermedddle with the internal polotics.
When you talk about exchage of arm to resources people should know that there is a russian man arrested somewhere in asia,whom america and eruopean goverment has use to deliver arms to all government who opposit them in the world to fuel war for the past 50years.
People should do their reasearch on former Lome agreement with the west africa had with them what has it benefited us.people should ask the new EPA agreement that is been going on by the europeans who are sellling it to africa on a regional basis what is it going to benefit africa.
WE

Posted by ifydee | Report as abusive
 

I tell you that Chinese has been in Africa 80 years before the coming of the west.The came only to trade and to intermedddle with the internal polotics.
When you talk about exchage of arm to resources people should know that there is a russian man arrested somewhere in asia,whom america and eruopean goverment has use to deliver arms to all government who opposit them in the world to fuel war for the past 50years.
People should do their reasearch on former Lome agreement with the west africa had with them what has it benefited us.people should ask the new EPA agreement that is been going on by the europeans who are sellling it to africa on a regional basis what is it going to benefit africa.
WE NEED UNITED STATE OF AFRICA which one ghanaia president promoted long time ago,which EU copied and is benefiting from it now.
My little secrect i will let any one who cares to know is that chinese will be in africa doing they trade of building roads,hosipital etc,for us which will help africa in the long run while the west will be busy fuelling wars which chinese will be seen been around supporting whatever dictator that the west is producing basical on development check Zimbabwe what the west to them and what the chinese came in an was doing.
One thing china is good at is that where the west causes problem they comes in,which the west dont like.this is check mate.

Posted by ifydee | Report as abusive
 

The Chinese are a catalyst for growth in some places and loss in others. e.g The Nigerian Local Shoe industry disappeared because shoes from china are half as cheap.

Africans should not bank on this relationship as the all-in-all. What happens if the Chinese bubble bursts?
Most african-chinese cakes would remain half-baked – a risk too ugly for either parties.

Eventually, china’s edge on manufacturing/exporting(their source of growth) will disppear to cheaper places e.g. Vietnam and eventually Africa. Thus they are preparing to own the african companies that will eventually take their place.

If you are African this is a time to build relationship with both the West and East to take advantage of this future benefit.

Solonzo The Great.

Posted by Solonzo | Report as abusive
 

@Mixtapebox, I agree with you. @ Lebon, I strongly agree with you. I happen to also have some experience with the Chinese, Americans and the Europeans. As far as culture is concerned, I don’t see China getting anywhere in Africa. We trade with them, yes! History is against the West, but the Chinese are far more crafty to influence Africans. I have some reason to believe that the present boom in China-Africa trade will serve China’s selfish interest. Culture aside, unlike other people, Chinese lack the human passion of ‘feeling for someone’. In line with economies, compare the number of Chinese humanitarian organizations in Africa with those from the West to picture this.

I go to some University in North America where Chinese are almost the majority(Toronto), but they are almost in-existent socially. The Chinese are quite insensitive, this is not a good thing socially. A Chinese is not “racist” but will not want anything to do with Africans in the first place.For instance, after two years in the same team, a Chinese will asks you what your name ‘was?’! These days, like Lebon implied, you can easily get along with Europeans and Americans. These doesn’t happen with the Chinese! I feel like they still hold far nasty stereotypes about Africans, as in, a Chinese will always take the nearest route on meeting an African on a lonely street. These are factors that influence the transfer of culture. Arabs did not behave like that or they will not have succeeded like they did.

Another reason is English in Africa, considering the role of a language in establishing culture. I don’t see either Mandarin or Cantonese overtaking English in Africa soon.

I find African-Americans as part of the American influence amongst the African youth. people copy people whom they identify with. Besides trade, Chinese will always have themselves for themselves.

Posted by meja | Report as abusive
 

There is absolutely nothing Africa will gain from embracing the Chinese way of life. It may be true that Western countries are racist towards Africans, but of two evils you choose the least. Chinese? NONONONO

Posted by allclues | Report as abusive
 

African culture and history is as long and rich as that of China. Before the influx of European greed, Africa was doing just fine by themselves; very similar to the history of aggression shown by the Europeans to China and Asia.

Instead of painting over everything with one broad stroke out of disdain for what the West had done to the Africans, and understandably so; Africans should take full advantage of the Chinese interest and presence in Africa. Remember this is an old country that has experienced many an up-and-downs including colonial exploitation and indignities but this time around, China resurrected herself against global sanctions and containment led by the leading nations of the West who had subjected her to humiliating discretions.

That journey in itself should be an example to all Africans. No matter how well Africans do in the West, including the African Americans, Africans will not gain due respect until an African nation achieves prominence if not dominance on her own.

The modern African history is the most heart wrenching one to study because of the last few hundred years of desecration, genocide, exploitation and indignation by colonial designs or otherwise. I am surprised to see the comparisons between the lesser of two evils and the known and unknown enemies between China and the West with China being the more evil one and an unknown enemy.

Has the Stockholm or Uncle Sam syndrome finally taken up roots in Africa now?

As Satchu pointed out there were plenty of old Chinese artifacts in African museums and it all came out of a trade environment, not a colonial rule one. I am often reminded that the British and other colonial rulers brought civility and refinement to their colonial subjects, you look around Africa nowadays, there is not much evidence of that, is there? The known enemy and evil simply spread a façade of things based on their values with no substantial foundation thus resulting in the now seemingly common apprehension and paranoia towards anyone who come a calling with an offer.

How well do the Africans know what is really good for them in the long run? And what are the best options to take in the near term?

China boldly and bravely faced her demise and rose from the ashes to become the largest debt holder of her main obstacle, the USA in less than 30 years. China dealt with the USSR, USA, the UN and global sanctions and worked her way through those very treacherous waters. Africa has the land mass, the raw material, the man power and the history to bank on, if there is any partner to go hand in hand with, it would be China. You don’t think the Chinese were paranoid and snake bitten? That they have not been the bird in the cage? They are coming in with know how and vast nation building experiences as an old country, not some modernity wonder who appeared on the horizon a mere 200 years ago.

One hand washes the other; China will be a lot more in tune with impending dangers than anyone and that is one characteristic any partner worth their weight in gold should possess. Stop the paranoid and being the scared cat.

BRIC still has no African country in it and that is really what should be the main goal for Africa. Use the Chinese interests to your adavantage as the Chinese did with the West to build your nations. And please stop the whinning about human rights until Africa can well afford her own.

Posted by Badaba | Report as abusive
 

I am seriously starting to believe that AFRICA is cursed. How are we supposed to believe that the Chinese have benevolent intentions towards Africans when they do not have them for the Chinese people. They are ruthless, immoral and will stop at nothing.
As stated earlier, many local industries are closing due to influx of cheap chinese goods. what we still do not know is how these products are dangerous to our health and environment. Here in America, Chinese goods are full of toxic levels of lead, mercury etc. These people do these with goods destined for America, where there are resources and regulations to guard against such. Can you imagine the kind of poison (literally) they are dumping in Africa because of lack of/ineffective regulatory systems?
What about immigration laws in these African countries? The chinese breeding like stray dogs have run out of resources for their population and are settling in Africa. We need to have strict labor and immigration laws that require the chinese firms to employ at least 75% of the local population. Citizenship should be a definite no. These people will overrun us. Even the Europeans and Americans will not have them.

Only Africa will save Africa!!! The Arabs failed, The Americans failed, The British failed…. really, they never failed, it was just never their intention to be good, and really before the first imperialists stepped onto the dark continent, we were just doing fine. Africa needs to revisit its vision and alliances. Otherwise, we are doomed. This is just another case of history repeating itself.

Posted by sarakasis | Report as abusive
 

African’s should be glad the Chinese are flocking to Africa and bringing their wealth and expertise with them. It’s not up to the Chinese to control what they bring, it’s up to us the Africans to control what we receive. For years Africans have been complaining about the leadership and corruption but if I look around Africa Most of these Leaders where actually Voted into power.
Until the day Africans learn to respect themselves, be willing to sacrifice for the well being of the future, stop begging and demand accountability from your Leaders.
Accept whatever your are being Offered, Shut up And Hope to live another day.

Posted by Stylz_101 | Report as abusive
 

It is important to have the right expectation. Chinese do not have any benevolent intention when they trade with African countries – it’s all about trading and when someone trades, they want to gain something in exchange for another. What China wants is economic benefit and what China wants to build up is his economic might. But on the other side of the coin, they have no intention to meddle with their economic partner’s politics. They have a handful to deal with in her own country and one of the Chinese characteristics is to keep themselves to themselves. They do not want to meddle with other people’s affairs and do not want others to meddle with them. They may be rude, they may be insensitive or even racists, but you don’t need to make friends with them, you only need to use them properly. Trade can bring benefits but at the same token, it may adversely affect your economy. So it is for the Africans to deal with the Chinese sensibly. The advantage of Chinese over the European countries is exactly because they are not really that interested in them so they have no intention to meddle with their politics. The question is – do you really want a foreign country to come in and tell you what you should do? With human rights calls, they can come in and topple the whole government as in Iraq. Does it worth it? It’s tough call, do some research and read history, the answer is not really that straight-forward.

Posted by Simon162 | Report as abusive
 

African nations need to nationalize their resources so that they can use the profit from the sale of their natural resources to invest in their countries, thereby improving infrastructure, education, and jobs for the common people. African leaders must think beyond their own interests and needs to that of the interests and needs of their nation.

China’s government used the profits generated from “Western corporate greed for cheap labor” to invest in China’s education, infrastructure, and now expansion. Basic economics states that if demand increases than price of labor also increases; however, China’s labor costs are still extremely low even though the country has developed substantially. So, perhaps the Chinese government is still using the revenue from artificially fixed cheap labor for its growth and expansion. Most likely China does not have an altruistic motive to develop African nations. Their motive is to develop their own country. Hence, they bring their own workers to Africa for projects.

If African countries secure the legal rights to their resources and use the profits generated for African investment, then African economic growth can happen.

Also, most African countries do not realize the value of their natural resources and the true price that they could command. Instead they are sold so cheaply. This must change.

Posted by mct80 | Report as abusive
 

The claim by Reuters is that they are “accurate” and “analytical” in terms of newsgathering. If that was indeed the case Africa would not be labelled the “worlds poorest continent”. If Africa is so poor, why have European countries claimed a stake on the continent and held sway over the indigenes for centuries…? Becuase they felt like it?!

Africa has always had what other nations wanted, couldn’t do without and never wanted to pay for. It is patronising to the point of being libelous to refer to Africa as poor when many Africans are prevented from benefiting from the wealth within their lands by the people who exploit them and call them poor! What a paradox! Africa has known how to mine and process metals for thousand of years and has had great kingdoms and civilisations for millenia while Eurpoe was in a culturally torpid slumber.

If African Leaders are corrupt today,it is only because their colonial masters taught them well,serving as the ultimate paradigm of corruption and malevolence.

This article and its author sneers at Africa as if the continent were a wretched vagrant bereft of any moral or social compunction and beyond the grace of God.

The incursion of China into Africa is unsurprising and is a bullish display of neo-imperialism.Africa has bcome a multiple rape victim that has forgotten her worth; and in the eyes of the rapists, she was worthless anyway save for her ample charms which are now beginning to fade with each successive violation.

Since European incursions, Africa has never been free. The fetters and chains of chattel slavery have been replaced with the invisible but more brutal chains of Structural Adjustment Programs imposed by the IMF and World Bank which have disastrous effects on health care, education, housing and local business. Africans are as much slaves today as they were 400 years ago. Other countries will continue to rape Africa and continue to pour their empty moral values into Africa until we have a continent that has been assimilated and integrated to the point of cultural annihilation.

Africans are the change to be seen on the continent,but the only way this will happen is through Pan Africanism. Balkanistion within the continent has a lot to answer for in creating african countries built purely for controlling interests and not for the galvanisation of a people. Africans need to wake up and rise up! Otherwise we will be told to put up and shut up in Mandarin and Chinese.

Posted by AfroZen | Report as abusive
 

Fool me once shame on you. Fool me twice, shame on me. Africa please don’t let the world fool you again by pretending to be your friends and dangling riches before your eyes. I’m black from the Caribbean, you know how that story go. Don’t let history repeat itself. You have the minerals they so desperately need, that’s why they keep coming, can’t you see. It pains me to see China moving in all over Africa and the big welcome they get. Take a look at the “chocolate cities” in China, the isolation, the discrimination and police brutality. Does any of this happen to the Chinese living in African cities. Um, was that a No. They don’t like blacks trust me, they don’t. Don’t get me wrong, you do need the capital to build and develop your countries so negotiate and trade with them on equal terms. But don’t give them any land ownership in Africa. Do Africans own land in China or India or Europe. And what the hell is this about African school kids reciting other countries anthems, in Africa, wtf??? are you kidding me. You might as well let them set up government and bring in their military too, totally ridiculous and unacceptable. Would this ever be allowed in China, India, Europe or the US, Hell no. Come on people its you children, Africa’s future. This is like selling your soul to the highest bidder. Scratch that, it is selling your soul to the highest bidder. Seems like Africa have a problem with this, first your brothers to the Europeans now your children to the Asians. This as got to stop. The word is that blacks are the inferior race, this is the general and default position of every non-African race. These assertions can be proven false but we are loosing the debate to reject such believe if we keep fighting each other, allowing corruption and worst of all waiting around for other people, first the west now the Asians, to come in and develop your countries. You have to have some desire of self improvement to take what you have, and my God you have a lot, put your heads together and pick yourselves up by the boot straps and make your own destiny.

Posted by xebit12 | Report as abusive
 

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