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Why is the world ignoring Somalia?

February 1, 2010

somaliaI’m blogging from the African Union’s annual summit in Addis Ababa and can see the Somali delegation from where I’m sitting. They’re mingling right now, cups of coffee and croissants in hand, pressing the flesh and smiling and joking with leaders and ministers from all over the continent and beyond. Delegates are responding warmly to the men who represent a government hemmed into only a few streets of the capital Mogadishu as they fight an increasingly vicious Islamist rebellion.

But you get the sense the other delegates are responding so warmly to compensate for something: The fact that the Somalis are here looking for help and nobody is really willing to stick their neck out and give it to them.

Somalia’s strife — as well as the conflicts in Sudan and DR Congo — have dominated the agenda at these summits for years now. But there’s something different about this year. The African delegates seem confused – really genuinely confused – about why the international community is dragging its heels.

When Spanish Prime Minister Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero — a guest at the summit – stood up on the opening day he made some of the most dramatic remarks any world leader has made on the Horn of Africa country.

“If we do not support the transitional government more, Somalia could become a place that could destroy humanity,” he said. “The proper response is a strong response from the international community, led by the U.N. Somalia is suffering.”

Strong stuff, but Zapatero didn’t offer any real help. African leaders will have taken heart, though, from the fact that he seemed to be pushing the UN to send in peacekeepers — something the African Union, with its beleaguered force of 5,000 under constant attack in Mogadishu, has been crying out for.

 After Zapatero, UN Secretary General, Ban Ki Moon took the podium.

 As soon as the word “Somalia” came out of his mouth, journalists started scribbling. But it was the same old. The country was a “threat to global security” but the UN would only send in peacekeepers when “the time is right.”

Many Somalis must be wondering what needs to happen to make the time right. A government only held in place by AU peacekeepers, resurgent rebels, food aid disrupted, a harried population, and constant pirate attacks off the coast.

 The bemusement on the face of AU Commissioner for Peace and Security, Ramtane Lamamra, was clear when he gave a news conference yesterday.

“Now is the time for the international community to act,” said the man charged with overseeing AU peacekeeping operations. “We hate to make comparisons to other situations but the time has come for the world to look at Somalia in a similar way to the approach towards Afghanistan. It is as big a threat to global security. The international terrorism is the same and there is the link to the same mother organization, al Qaeda. And there is also piracy.”

The West says it’s worried Somalia could be the next al Qaeda training camp, a launch pad for international attacks — a role, let’s not forget, played by Afghanistan before the September 11 attacks on the United States in 2001.

But with his mention of piracy, Lamamra was perhaps signaling to the West they should bear in mind there are more than geo-political considerations to be taken into account when dealing with Somalia. It’s costing the world money, too.

So, why the inaction? Why the focus on Afpak and Yemen only? Does the United Nations think it could never succeed in such a complex country? Are African breeding grounds for militancy not considered as immediate a threat as others? Does nobody want to prop up a government that was never elected by its people? How should the world react? Is it just that it really doesn’t have a clue how to?

Comments

Or could it be that Somalia, unlike Afghanistan, doesn’t have anything that the rich nations really want? I’m very cynical today.

Posted by SeaScapes | Report as abusive
 

I wonder if it’s because no one knows how to deal with Somalia. We’ve not been successful in the past (former President Clinton sent in troops, and our help was rejected)and who knows how negotiations have been handled behind closed doors.

We don’t have a clue how to help Somalia.

Posted by dtodd | Report as abusive
 

Does anyone really know how to deal with a failed state? I can’t think of any nation that was so devoid of order, as Somalia, bouncing back.

Posted by liquidnerve | Report as abusive
 

Maybe a nobel prize for any person or organization who brings peace to Somalia?

Posted by MzeeAbdi | Report as abusive
 

I’m tempted to suggest simply, “Plan the work|work the plan.” Just planning the work is monumental, never mind the rest. It would take the wisdom of Solomon many times over to even be positioned to attempt success. Looking for Solomon…..

Posted by MEspud | Report as abusive
 

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Posted by loloosvk | Report as abusive
 

nobody like somali government ,its weak and pupet

Posted by as-sumal | Report as abusive
 

Dealing with a failed state is simple, it’s been being done since Rome… Invade, take ground, kill the enemy, declare martial law, take resources, and use them to set up infrastructure. But in the modern world, when it’s all working, leave without getting anything for it. So who wants to be the “bloodthirsty invader, colonialist, imperialist, and killer of women and children” who will throw their sons away helping someone who will hate them for it this time? Yeah… Why are they being ignored… There’s really NO way to help.

Posted by Rogoth | Report as abusive
 

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Posted by asksimba | Report as abusive
 

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Posted by Newstime | Report as abusive
 

Samolia lacks an unifying leader. There is no single person that all, or most Samolians an identify with. I am against dictators, but that seems to be the only option. They need a ruthlesss leader. Guns, germs an steel still get the job done best in Africa. Somalia needs a man to break and destroy the Islamic Rebels. Only extermination will do. The people are not ready for Democracy. They cannot handle it. Someday Samolia will have thier “Revolution of 1800″, but that seems in the distant horizan. Until then, the humanitarian obligations of a democracy are just not an option.

Posted by Reformed | Report as abusive
 

It has been exactly 3 years since this article was written and Somalia today seems to be getting better. The question remain whether this government will finally remain strong enough to take back control of the territory. Then comes the issue of somaliland. The leadership of somaliland want to breakaway for Somalia at all cost. One interesting assessment of Somalia if the past decades are anything to go by is that it will almost certainly take forever to achieve anything of note. We will see what the next 3 years holds.

Posted by junglei | Report as abusive
 

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