U.S. District Judge Colleen McMahon of Manhattan included a highly unusual warning in her recent opinion approving the $15 million settlement of a securities class action against the clothing retailer Aeropostale: She’s no longer following the standard operating procedure of awarding extra fees to plaintiffs who lead class actions. “This opinion should serve notice that this court, at least, will not routinely decide to ‘tip’ lead plaintiffs simply because their names appear in the caption,” she wrote, “and will view with some skepticism conclusory arguments that they actually made a meaningful substantive contribution to the lawsuit.”
Revenue at the Common Application is practically infinitesimal by the standards of big business: $13 million in 2011, the last year for which its tax returns are public. But if you’re the parent of a kid who has applied or will be applying to college, you know Common App’s importance bears little relationship to its revenue. The non-profit completely dominates the college application process. More than 550 institutions in the United States are members of Common App, whose online application services permit students to prepare a single application that can be distributed to multiple schools, along with transcripts and teacher recommendations that are also uploaded to Common App’s site. These days, just about every kid applying to a selective college — one that judges applicants on more than just grades and test scores — is doing it through Common App.
The biggest obstacle in evaluating class actions involving inexpensive consumer products is the frustrating lack of empirical data. Sure, we can compile statistics on case filings, dismissals, settlements and attorneys’ fees, but publicly available evidence about whether these cases actually benefit the people who bought the supposedly flawed products is scant indeed.
In September 2011, ErgoBaby — a small California-based maker of baby products – received potentially ruinous news. The Consumer Product Safety Commission intended to post a report on its public database of an incident in which a month-old baby in Maryland died while he was in an ErgoBaby carrier. The baby’s mom had been strawberry picking in hot weather with her infant strapped to the front of her body. The carrier’s coverlet was up, and, according to the initial autopsy report, “rebreathing in a hot environmental condition could have contributed to death.”
Chevron is a litigation bully that has employed relentless tactics in 20 years of litigation against villagers in the Ecuadorean rainforest, where the oil giant’s predecessor Texaco once drilled for oil. The Ecuadoreans deserve to live in better conditions, without fear that oil waste continues to pollute their soil and water. I believe both of these assertions to be truth. I do not believe they are causally connected. Chevron’s pattern of exploiting the weaknesses of its adversaries — especially in its recent and overwhelmingly successful campaign in U.S. courts to discredit the villagers’ $9 billion Ecuadorean judgment against the oil company — does not necessarily mean Chevron is responsible for cleaning up the Lago Agrio oil field.
I had high hopes that the case of Tarantino v. Gawker would go down in legal history for establishing precedent on whether a news site is liable for inducing infringement by linking to copyrighted material. But based on the amended complaint filed last week, the film auteur’s suit against the snarky website will hinge on plain old direct infringement — if it survives at all.
Sotheby’s may have won its litigation battle with activist investor Dan Loeb of Third Point, but Loeb won his war with the auction house.