OSLO, Oct 11 (Reuters) – Governments need to spend $80
billion a year to halt extinctions of endangered animals and
plants, many times current levels and only half the amount paid
to bankers in bonuses last year, a study showed.
The extra spending is vital to protect natural services such
as insect pollination of crops or water purification by
wetlands, the report in Friday’s edition of Science said.
OSLO (Reuters) – Wheat production in sub-Saharan Africa is at only 10 to 25 percent of its potential and nations can easily grow more to limit hunger, price shocks and political instability, a study showed on Tuesday.
The report, examining environmental conditions of 12 nations from Ethiopia to Zimbabwe, said that farmers south of the Sahara grew only 44 percent of the wheat consumed locally, meaning dependence on international markets prone to price spikes.
OSLO, Oct 8 (Reuters) – German sportswear company Puma
announced a range of biodegradable shoes and clothes
on Monday, seeking to lead in protecting nature as it tries to
catch up with rivals Nike and Adidas in sales.
The company, praised by United Nations reports as a
corporate leader in trying to limit environmental damage, also
said it would widen its accounting for the costs of its air
pollution, greenhouse gases, waste, land and water use.
OSLO (Reuters) – Greenhouse gas emissions rise when economies expand but don’t fall as quickly when recession strikes, perhaps because people stick with a higher-emitting lifestyle from the boom times, a study showed.
The report in Monday’s edition of the journal Nature Climate Change dents many governments’ hopes that recession can at least bring the consolation of a sharp contraction in greenhouse gas emissions.
OSLO (Reuters) – The Nobel Peace Prize committee is tightening security to prevent eavesdroppers on decisions that can infuriate the powerful.
“We have taken certain precautions,” Geir Lundestad, the head of the Norwegian Nobel Institute, told Reuters in his office in central Oslo.
OSLO (Reuters) – A 200-year period covering the heyday of both the Roman Empire and China’s Han dynasty saw a big rise in greenhouse gases, according to a study that challenges the U.N. view that man-made climate change only began around 1800.
A record of the atmosphere trapped in Greenland’s ice found the level of heat-trapping methane rose about 2,000 years ago and stayed at that higher level for about two centuries.
OSLO, Sept 30 (Reuters) – Fish are likely to get smaller on
average by 2050 because global warming will cut the amount of
oxygen in the oceans in a shift that may also mean dwindling
catches, according to a study on Sunday.
Average maximum body weights for 600 types of marine fish,
such as cod, plaice, halibut and flounder, would contract by
14-24 percent by 2050 from 2000 under a scenario of a quick rise
in greenhouse gas emissions, it said.
OSLO (Reuters) – Swift action is required to save many of the world’s fisheries that are declining faster than expected, a study in a leading scientific journal shows.
A recovery of fisheries could increase worldwide landings by up to 40 percent, helping to feed a global human population that is forecast to rise from 7 billion to 9 billion between now and 2050, according to the report in Friday’s edition of Science.
OSLO/SINGAPORE, Sept 28 (Reuters) – Many nations need to do
more to slow extinctions of animals and plants under U.N.
targets for 2020 that would also save the world economy billions
of dollars a year, U.N. experts say.
Only a few countries — including France, Guatemala and
Britain — have so far adopted new national plans to tackle
threats such as pollution or climate change in line with a
sweeping pact agreed in Japan in 2010.
OSLO (Reuters) – Man-made salt marshes meant to slow coastal erosion in England are failing to comply with European rules that demand they should be as rich in plant life as natural wetlands, a study showed on Thursday.
The report points to future problems for many nations in protecting coastlines under threat from sea level rise caused by global warming. Salt marshes, or tidal wetlands, are habitats for many plants and creatures from fish to migratory birds.