OSLO, Sept 18 (Reuters) – Local pollution in the Arctic from
shipping and oil and gas industries, which have expanded in the
region due to a thawing of sea ice caused by global warming,
could further accelerate that thaw, experts say.
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) said there
was an urgent need to calculate risks of local pollutants such
as soot, or “black carbon”, in the Arctic. Soot darkens ice,
making it soak up more of the sun’s heat and quickening a melt.
SINGAPORE/OSLO (Reuters) – Nature lacks a seat in the boardrooms of most big companies even though it provides valuable resources that should have a price tag, one of world’s most influential green economists said.
Ignoring nature’s value risks “mayhem” for corporations and mankind in the rush for profits and finite resources, Pavan Sukhdev, formerly of Deutsche Bank and a United Nations goodwill ambassador told Reuters.
OSLO (Reuters) – Norway followed the European Union on Tuesday with a $90 million scheme to encourage energy-intensive industries to stay in the country, a move analysts said highlighted weaknesses in Europe’s flagging carbon market.
“The purpose is to prevent the Norwegian manufacturing industry from moving their enterprises to countries with less strict climate regulations,” Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg said.
OSLO (Reuters) – Obscure flora and fauna that few people have ever heard of such as the Jamaican rock iguana need to be much better protected if the world is to achieve a goal of preventing species dying out by 2020, a study said on Tuesday.
The report, “Priceless or Worthless?”, listed the 100 most threatened species and said critically endangered plants and animals such as Tarzan’s chameleon in Madagascar merited conservation since they were irreplaceable for the Earth even if they had no economic value for people.
OSLO (Reuters) – The world needs to find the equivalent of the flow of 20 Nile rivers by 2025 to grow enough food to feed a rising population and help avoid conflicts over water scarcity, a group of former leaders said on Monday.
Factors such as climate change would strain freshwater supplies and nations including China and India were likely to face shortages within two decades, they said, calling on the U.N. Security Council to get more involved.
OSLO (Reuters) – A British plan to drill into a sunless lake deep under Antarctica’s ice in December could show the risks of quicker sea level rise caused by climate change, scientists said on Friday.
Sediments on the bed of Lake Ellsworth, which is several hundred meters (yards) below sea level and buried under 3 km (1.6 miles) of ice, may include bits of ancient seashells that could be dated to reveal when the ice sheet last broke up.
OSLO (Reuters) – African farmers are finding new ways to cope with droughts, erosion and other ravages of climate change but need to develop even more techniques to thrive in an increasingly uncertain environment, scientists said on Friday.
Smallholders have started to plant more drought-resistant and faster-growing crops to keep the harvests coming in, according to a survey of 700 households in Kenya, Ethiopia, Uganda and Tanzania.
OSLO (Reuters) – Greenland’s ice seems less vulnerable than feared to a runaway melt that would drive up world sea levels, according to a study showing that a surge of ice loss had petered out.
“It is too early to proclaim the ‘ice sheet’s future doom’” caused by climate change, lead author Kurt Kjaer of the University of Copenhagen wrote in a statement of the findings in Friday’s edition of the journal Science.
OSLO, Aug 1 (Reuters) – Oceans and land have more than
doubled the amount of greenhouse gases they absorb since 1960 in
new evidence that nature is helping to brake global warming, a
study showed on Wednesday.
“Even though we have done very little to decrease our
emissions, the Earth continues to lend us a helping hand,” lead
author Ashley Ballantyne of the University of Colorado told
OSLO (Reuters) – Cutting soot and other air pollutants could help “buy time” in the fight against climate change, a senior U.S. official said on Tuesday as seven nations joined a Washington-led plan.
Air pollution, from sources ranging from wood-fired cooking stoves in Africa to cars in Europe, may be responsible for up to six million deaths a year worldwide and is also contributing to global warming, the U.N. Environment Programme (UNEP) said.