OSLO, Aug 7 (Reuters) – Deep cuts in greenhouse gas
emissions of 40 to 70 percent by mid-century will be needed to
avert the worst of global warming that is already harming all
continents, a draft U.N. report showed.
The 26-page draft, obtained by Reuters on Thursday, sums up
three U.N. scientific reports published over the past year as a
guide for almost 200 governments which are due to agree a deal
to combat climate change at a summit in Paris in late 2015.
OSLO, Aug 6 (Reuters) – Global warming has been going on for
so long that most people were not even born the last time the
Earth was cooler than average in 1985 in a shift that is
altering perceptions of a “normal” climate, scientists said.
Decades of climate change bring risks that people will
accept higher temperatures, with more heatwaves, downpours and
droughts, as normal and complicate government plans to do more
to cut emissions of greenhouse gas emissions.
OSLO, July 9 (Reuters) – Insect-eating birds are in decline
in parts of the Netherlands where farmers have used pesticides
that are suspected of killing bees vital to crop pollination, a
study showed on Wednesday.
The report is the first evidence that neonicotinoid
pesticides, restricted in the European Union because of worries
about bees, are having knock-on effects on larger creatures by
reducing insect prey such as mosquitoes or beetles.
OSLO (Reuters) – Swathes of the Amazon may have been grassland until a natural shift to a wetter climate about 2,000 years ago let the rainforests form, according to a study that challenges common belief that the world’s biggest tropical forest is far older.
The arrival of European diseases after Columbus crossed the Atlantic in 1492 may also have hastened the growth of forests by killing indigenous people farming the region, the scientists wrote in the U.S. journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
OSLO, July 2 (Reuters) – A U.N. fund to help developing
nations fight global warming is on track to start raising cash
in November, with poor nations seeking $15 billion, officials
said on Wednesday.
“Now it’s time to mobilise money,” Hela Cheikhrouhou,
executive director of the Green Climate Fund, told Reuters after
two days of talks in Oslo among more than 20 nations about the
legal details of cash pledges.
OSLO, (Reuters) – Global warming will cut Antarctica’s 600,000-strong emperor penguin population by at least a fifth by 2100 as the sea ice on which the birds breed becomes less secure, a study said on Sunday.
The report urged governments to list the birds as endangered, even though populations in 45 known colonies were likely to rise slightly by 2050 before declining. Such a listing could impose restrictions on tourism and fishing companies.
OSLO(Reuters) – Bangladesh will start using sonar to help slow erosion of its biggest island in the Ganges Delta where climate change and rising sea levels are adding to risks, a Dutch-Bangladeshi consortium said on Tuesday.
Floods constantly reshape low-lying Bhola island, which is 130 kms (80 miles) long and home to 1.7 million people. A 1776 map showed that it was oval but it is now more banana-shaped due to erosion by the Meghna River that is part of the delta.
OSLO, June 24 (Reuters) – Governments should set a five-year
deadline to crack down on over-fishing and pollution or parts of
the oceans may have to be declared off-limits to industrial
fishing, an expert commission said on Tuesday.
The Global Ocean Commission, a group of senior politicians
formed in 2013, urged rescue measures including a phase-out of
damaging subsidies for fishing fleets and tougher regulations on
offshore oil and gas to limit pollution of the high seas.
OSLO (Reuters) – The United Nations will seek ways to toughen environmental laws this week to crack down on everything from illegal trade in wildlife to mercury poisoning and hazardous waste.
The U.N. Environment Assembly (UNEA), a new forum of all nations including environment ministers, business leaders and civil society, will meet in Nairobi from June 23-27 to work on ways to promote greener economic growth.
OSLO, June 17 (Reuters) – Climate change is a growing threat
to tourism, from thawing ski resorts to coral reefs hit by
warmer seas, and the industry itself should do more to curb its
soaring greenhouse gas emissions, a study showed on Tuesday.
Tourism’s greenhouse gas emissions, on current rising trends
buoyed by ever more travel, are set to reach about 10 percent of
the world total by 2025 from between 3.9 and 6 percent now, it