Reuters blog archive
from Global Investing:
No one will really know how Lithuania will impact European Central Bank monetary policy until the country gets a seat at the table. That is expected to happen in 2015, provided the last of the three Baltic nations meets the criteria to become the euro zone's 19th member. We'll all find out in early June.
The ECB's monetary policy remains at its loosest (main refinancing rate is just 0.25 pct) since the bank assumed central banking responsibilities for the euro area 15 years ago. My Frankfurt-based colleague, Eva Taylor, explained earlier this month that the addition of Lithuania will change the voting patterns of the ECB, curbing smaller members' perceived influence and giving more weight to the center.
Here in New York, Lithuania's Economy Minister Evaldas Gustas, along with Mantas Nocius, who heads up the ministry's enterprise department, presented investors with an overview of the economy. When asked if Bank of Lithuania Governor Vitas Vasiliauskas would be a hawk or a dove should Lithuania join the euro zone in 2015, the answer, at least from Nocius, was as sharp as a claw.
"Not that complicated. Yes, Lithuanians, they are a bit hawkish, as the other two Baltic neighbors, because of our tradition," Nocius said.
To most people, the idea of falling prices sounds like a good thing. But it poses serious economic and financial risks - just ask the Japanese, who only now finally have the upper hand in a 20-year battle to drag their economy out of deflation.
That front is shifting westward, to the euro zone.
Deflation tempts consumers to postpone spending and businesses to delay investment because they expect prices to be lower in the future. This slows growth and puts upward pressure on unemployment. It also increases the real debt burden of debtors, from consumers to companies to governments.
The 18-country euro zone has had a rough ride in the past 6 years, and even with the glimmers of good news reaching the darkest corners of the debt crisis, the European Central Bank has been anything but ready to sound a crisis-over siren.
Right after ECB President Mario Draghi warned against undue optimism, the central bank has identified a new threat to the common currency's integrity - rounding up or down small change.
The dollar’s performance hasn’t been anything to write home about in the last few years. It has weakened against major currencies like the euro and the Swiss franc, and been held back by lower interest rates thanks to the Federal Reserve’s triple-dose of quantitative easing, but there’s been a turn of late, though it’s too early to say whether it will have lasting power.
In 2013, the dollar was at least better than the yen, amassing a 35 percent move against the Japanese currency, which countered the Fed’s QE with Abenomics and a massive monetary dose of its own.
By Ian Campbell
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are his own.
The dollar should make its way back from oblivion in 2014 as the Federal Reserve stops printing greenbacks like monopoly money. Emerging market currencies look vulnerable to a whipping they don’t want, the yen should continue to slide happily, the euro will ease and the pound will end up competing with the dollar at the front of the currency race.
from Photographers' Blog:
By Marko Djurica
Slava Ukraini, Heroyam Slava!
At the beginning I didn’t understand what they were chanting.
The speaker at the podium repeated, “Slava Ukraini” and a mass of people responded in one voice: “Heroyam Slava!”
“What does that mean?” I asked.
“Glory to Ukraine! Glory to its heroes!” was the answer I got from a girl wrapped in a blue and yellow flag.
European shares will be the best performers next year, according to the latest Reuters poll of more than 350 strategists, analysts and fund managers. Frankfurt’s DAX is already up nearly 20 percent this year and is forecast to rally another 10 percent in 2014.
But the experts in foreign exchange that Reuters surveys each month are also saying that the euro, just above $1.37, and not far off a two-year high against the dollar, will fall.
The collective talk about its inevitable drop is beginning to sound much like the drum-beat of opinion lasting more than half a decade that said the yen would fall while it stubbornly marched in the other direction.
from Global Investing:
To err once is unfortunate. To err twice looks like carelessness.
One of the great mysteries of 2013 will surely be how economists, investors and market participants of all stripes so spectacularly misread two of the biggest central bank policy set-pieces of the year.
The first was the Federal Reserve's decision in September not to begin withdrawing its $85 billion-a-month bond-buying stimulus, the second was the European Central Bank's decision in November to cut interest rates to a fresh low of just 0.25 percent.
The Fed's decision on Sept. 18 not to "taper" stunned markets. The 10-year Treasury yield recorded its biggest one-day fall in almost two years, and the prospect of continued stimulus has since propelled Wall Street to fresh record highs. (See graphic, click to enlarge)
A Reuters poll on Sept. 9 showed that 49 of 69 economists expected the Fed to taper the following week, a consensus reached after Ben Bernanke said on May 22 that withdrawal of stimulus could start at one of "the next few meetings".
But tapering was - and still is - always dependent on the data. And throughout this year, the Bernanke-Yellen-Dudley triumvirate has consistently noted that the labour market is extremely weak and the recovery uncertain.
Going into the Sept. 18 policy meeting unemployment was above 7 percent and the Fed's preferred measure of inflation was well below target, barely more than 1 percent.
Plus, a simple read of the Fed's statutory mandate of achieving "maximum employment, stable prices, and moderate long-term interest rates" should have dispelled the notion a reduction in stimulus was imminent.
"People just didn't want to listen. They just didn't believe that they have to follow the data. They've not been listening, and it's really hard to understand why," said David Blanchflower, professor of economics at Dartmouth College in the United States and former policymaker at the Bank of England.
It was a similar story with the ECB's interest rate cut on Nov. 7 which only three leading banks - UBS, RBS and Bank of America-Merrill Lynch - correctly predicted.
These three institutions quickly adjusted their forecasts after shock figures on October 31 showed euro zone inflation plunging to a four-year low of 0.7 percent, triggering the euro's biggest one-day fall in over six months.
Breaking news is S&P’s downgrade of France’s credit rating to AA from AA+ putting it two notches below Germany. Finance Minister Pierre Moscovici has rushed out to declare French debt is among the safest and most liquid in the euro zone, which is true.
What is also pretty unarguable is S&P’s assessment that France’s economic reform programme is falling short and the high unemployment is weakening support for further measures. There's also Francois Hollande's dismal poll ratings to throw into the mix.