(Photo: Bethany baptismal pool with ruins of ancient basilicas in rear, a staircase to the water and, at right, two of the four massive pillars that used to hold a church above the baptism site, 6 May 2009/Tom Heneghan)
In John's Gospel, verse 1:28, it says that John the Baptist used to baptise people in "Bethany beyond the Jordan" and Jesus went there for his own baptism. Seen from the perspective of Jerusalem, "beyond the Jordan" means on the river's east bank, in present-day Jordan. Those words were added to distinguish that Bethany from the village near Jerusalem where Jesus was said to have raised Lazarus from the dead. Despite that, pilgrims have long visited a spot on the river's west bank, now in an Israeli military zone in the Palestinian territories, and considered it the true site where Jesus was baptised.