JUBA (Reuters) – South Sudan’s government said on Sunday rebels had seized the capital of a key oil-producing region and fears grew of all-out ethnic civil war in the world’s newest country.
The U.N. announced it was trying to rush more peacekeeping forces to landlocked, impoverished South Sudan as foreign powers urged both sides to stop fighting, fearing for the stability of an already fragile region of Africa.
JUBA, Dec 22 (Reuters) – Fighting spread in South Sudan and
the U.N. said it was trying to move more peacekeeping forces
there in the hope of averting full-blown ethnic civil war in the
world’s newest state.
The government said it had sent more soldiers to retake the
flashpoint town of Bor from rebels and had kept control of the
oilfields crucial to the economy of the impoverished country.
JUBA (Reuters) – South Sudan said it had sent more soldiers to retake the flashpoint town of Bor from rebels and kept control of oilfields as fighting spread to a neighboring state in a conflict that has raised fears of a collapse into ethnic civil war.
Foreign Minister Barnaba Marial Benjamin said the army in Bor had spotted former Vice President Riek Machar – the man the government accuses of starting the fighting in Africa’s newest country – on the battlefield, but he had escaped by boat.
NAIROBI (Reuters) – A grenade tore through a minibus in Nairobi’s Somali-dominated Eastleigh neighborhood on Sunday, killing at least five people in an attack highlighting the security risks Kenya faces because of its intervention in Somalia to fight Islamist militants.
Kenya has suffered a string of deadly attacks in its capital Nairobi, the southern port city of Mombasa as well as the eastern garrison town of Garissa over the past year.
KOGELO, Kenya (Reuters) – Kenyans in Barack Obama’s ancestral homeland stayed up all night and danced with joy on Wednesday as America’s first black president won a second term in the White House, raising the prospects of a fresh start for his ties with Africa.
Many Africans feel Obama has not responded to their huge enthusiasm when he won the presidency four years ago with an increased U.S. commitment to the world’s poorest continent during his first term.
NAIROBI (Reuters) – Two freelance journalists held hostage in Somalia for 15 months arrived safely in neighboring Kenya on Thursday.
Amanda Lindhout, a Canadian reporter, and Nigel Brennan, an Australian photojournalist, were freed in Mogadishu on Wednesday after being kidnapped by gunmen in August 2008 as they visited a camp for displaced families near the capital.
Successive failed rain seasons in Kenya have led to a drought that experts say is the worst in the country since 1996.And it is not just a problem for Kenya. Aid agencies estimate more than 23 million people will need food aid in the Horn of Africa region.Kenyan Nobel laureate Wangari Maathai says it shows how ill-prepared much of Africa is to deal with the effects of climate change.Herders who depend on cattle for their food and income are having to drive their livestock hundreds of kilometres to seek pasture and water – but find little relief.”The grass was green when I got here, but it is finished now and a lot of our animals are dying,” Grewan Lesakut, from the pastoralist Samburu community in the Rift Valley, told Reuters Africa Journal.”The way I see it, all our cows are going to die,” fellow herder John Lenyarui said. “I know some people who had 50 cows but have nothing now, some with 200 and now have only 40 and myself I had 500 and now I have 100.”Kenya’s Meat Commission is doing what it can. It has offered to buy thousands of cattle from their owners to be slaughtered for meat. But the government facility has been stretched to the limit and thousands of have died outside the slaughterhouse.”This is a very ugly scene, a very disturbing scene that the country is facing,” Livestock Minister Mohamed Kuti said.Most nomadic groups hold on to their animals even in times of severe drought, seeing them as their most valuable investment. In desperation, Turkana villagers, from northwest Kenya, are selling their goats well below market prices to the European Union’s humanitarian wing which then distributes the meat to the hungry.Maathai, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in 2004, says the drought is evidence of the long term effect of climate change.”This is an excellent time for Kenya maybe to realise, and for the rest of Africa to learn, what we are talking about when we say that climate change is going to hit Africa very seriously, and it’s partly because Africa is completely unprepared for what is coming with climate change,” she told Africa Journal.”For more than three decades we have been saying it is important to protect our forests, to protect our rivers, to protect our lands so that we stop soil erosion and to protect our wetlands.”Somehow, all of them have come and have converged during this last two, now going to three, years and everybody and everything that is living in this country is feeling it.”(Pictures: Turkana men slaughter goats at a livestock de-stocking centre in the Loyoro village of Turkana district in northwestern Kenya. Reuters/Thomas Mukoya. Kenya’sNobel Peace Prize laureate Maathai delivers a speech in Japan. Reuters/Kim Kyung Hoon.)
In the village of Leer, reminders of civil war are everywhere, such as a large hole where most of the village would crouch, hiding from bomber planes and helicopter gunships.