Expect Mark Zuckerberg to morph into Murdoch
By Rob Cox
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are his own.
How long before Mark Zuckerberg morphs into Rupert Murdoch? It may take decades or, given the accelerated lifecycles of Internet companies, just a few years. At some point, though, the overwhelming control investors are ceding to the 27-year old Facebook wunderkind is bound to stop being in their best interest.
At least thatās the lesson learned from Zuckerbergās forerunners in the media industry. Murdochās News Corp, Sumner Redstoneās Viacom and the Sulzberger familyās New York Times Co are among the myriad companies controlled by individuals or families whose ambitions no longer fully align with those of a majority of their shareholders.
For now, Facebookās backers seem pleased with Zuckerbergās iron grip on the social network. Many, including sharp-elbowed venture capitalists and billionaires, are giving him the right to vote on their behalf. Thatās understandable, as Zuckerberg is about to fetch a valuation of at least $75 billion for his dorm-room project, or as much as the combined market capitalizations of Viacom, News Corp and The Times.
Because of the proxies, and his ownership of shares with 10 times the say-so of ordinary ones, Zuckerberg wields 57 percent of the vote off 28 percent of Facebookās economics. That lets him overrule the majority. As long as his visionary decisions create long-term value, thatās probably just fine. Same goes for similar structures that allow the founders of Zynga, Google and other relatively young tech companies to do as they please.
But investors probably felt the same way when Murdoch was assembling his media empire years ago. Today, heās increasingly at odds with the other 88 percent of News Corpās owners. In October, a majority of those who donāt share the media mogulās last name snubbed the nomination of his sons, James and Lachlan, to the board. The extra voting power allowed him to ignore their votes.
Redstone exerts similar dominance at Viacom. Itās perhaps no coincidence that shares in both companies have traded at significant discounts to their component businesses over the past decade. Zuckerberg may represent a different kind of mogul. But if history is any guide, that wonāt last forever.