Lady Gaga not the only one turned off by Indonesia
By Wayne Arnold
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are his own.
Lady Gaga isn‚Äôt the only foreigner giving Indonesia a miss. The controversial pop diva nixed a planned show in the country after protests by conservatives and demands she tone down her act. Investors are selling Indonesian stocks, and the country‚Äôs currency, amid concerns over demands that foreigners cede some control of over mines and banks. Indonesia‚Äôs new assertiveness may be backfiring.
Whether or not Indonesia hosts Lady Gaga‚Äôs world tour may have little direct connection with foreign direct investment. Indonesians aren‚Äôt the only ones to have objected to the singer‚Äôs flamboyant performances, nor is she the first to fall foul of the country‚Äôs conservative element. The suggestive styles of its own dangdut singers come in for regular condemnation. But the protests come amid rising anxiety among global investors about a new hauteur in Jakarta‚Äôs attitude on foreign imports, whether in culture, cows or capital. Indonesia this year more than halved its quota for imported beef. It lowered limits on foreign ownership of mines and plans to ban exports of unprocessed metals. And it may slash how much foreigners can own of its banks.
At best, such moves represent an effort to win a fairer shake for a resource-rich country wary of what many call the Dutch disease. Indonesia imports fuel for lack of refining capacity and suffers power shortages despite having Asia‚Äôs largest natural gas reserves. Meanwhile resources, including oil, account for more than half of Indonesian exports. Encouraging downstream investment in Indonesia seems reasonable. Meanwhile the 99 percent limit on foreign ownership of banks came when Indonesia was hard pressed for foreign capital. That is no longer the case. With FDI at a record $5.6 billion in the first quarter – a fifth of it mining – Indonesia may feel it can afford to drive harder bargains.
But Indonesia suffers a trust deficit. It still ranks in the bottom half of Transparency International‚Äôs Corruption Perceptions index and is third, behind China and Saudi Arabia, in the OECD‚Äôs index of FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness. With both China and India slowing, Indonesia‚Äôs resource wealth is less intoxicating. And with Europe in crisis, investors‚Äô tolerance for risk is ebbing, as the rupiah‚Äôs nearly 5 percent slide since February indicates. If it‚Äôs not careful, Indonesia‚Äôs popularity will pass faster than Lady Gaga could sing her big hit, Poker Face.