Knight shows that next creative loss is never far

August 3, 2012

By Richard Beales
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are his own.
Knight Capital’s “technology issue” turned out to be a monster, not just a bug. A software update that sent erroneous orders and rocked 150 or so New York Stock Exchange issuers on Wednesday has cost the market-maker $440 million. The coding error that caused it proves that investors can never be too imaginative about the ways in which financial firms will lose money.

Knight handles massive volume for customers. Its market-making business traded $19.5 billion of equities a day on average in June. Yet as an intermediary, it wasn’t supposed to be massively exposed at any given time. So losses equal to almost a third of the company’s $1.5 billion of book equity at the end of June are a shock. Investors slammed Knight’s stock, knocking two-thirds off its $1 billion market value earlier in the week. The company is seeking cash to shore up its finances – or maybe a buyer.

The aftermath of the Facebook initial public offering sprung other surprises. Nasdaq messed up trading on the social network’s market debut and has so far offered $62 million to affected firms, including Knight, to make amends. But the biggest bombshell came from UBS, which wasn’t even an underwriter on the deal but still managed to lose about 350 million Swiss francs ($354 million) on the botched IPO.

That seems to have been the result of UBS repeating customer trades multiple times while Nasdaq was offline and being stuck with huge positions it hadn’t wanted. But the whole chain of events – also involving automated systems to some extent – is another that would take creative scenario planning to identify in advance as a possible source of concern.

Such turns of events prove that risk can’t be regulated away, however fervently politicians and watchdogs still reeling from the 2008 crisis may wish it. Financial institutions make bets of all sorts and can lose – and lose big. JPMorgan’s $6 billion Whale loss is another recent case in point. All investors can do is press corporate bosses to explain how they manage their risks. These days, that includes computer code along with human and financial assets. And even then, the next creative loss will never be far away.

One comment

We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see

Curiously, I was under he assumption that the Algo mathematician geeks had everything under control and the game was totally RISK FREE. They’d just set a predatory program in place and a cyber-bot runs around cyberspace like a Pacman gobbling up billions of pennies a day off the top of transactions.

I can’t wait for the big pile-up in bankster cyberspace – it’s going to be incredible! It’s inevitable because when the whole game started, there were only a few players.

Now, there are thousands of players clamoring at the near the speed of light trying to steal fractions of cents off the top of transactions. It ain’t gon’na take much for a virtual pile-up to happen with catastrophic results.

Posted by gtigerclaw | Report as abusive