G20 says in Moscow that tax evasion is really bad
By Pierre BrianĂ§on
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are his own.
The G20 is adept at creating the illusion of movement. Ever since it acquired some relevance in the wake of the global financial crisis, the club of the worldâs largest economies hasnât shied away from bold statements on the need for international cooperation or regulation to achieve financial peace and happiness. This year, the groupâs finance ministers are mad as hell about tax evasion by multinational corporations. They really canât take it anymore.
That may fit with the global mood, but it will take years for member countries to translate virtuous indignation into concrete, legal deeds. And if they wanted their intentions to sound credible, Moscow wasnât the best place to launch a global push for tax fairness.
To be fair, the G20âs adoption of the âaction planâ drafted for them by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) isnât insignificant. It falls short of the grand international agreement with watertight rules that campaigners advocate, but it does provide some limited and realistic goals. It notably aims at the problem of conflicting tax systems, which allow companies to benefit from de facto âdouble no-taxationâ. It recognises the complexities of pinning down profits in the digital economy. And it tries to find a way to âalign tax with substanceâ – i.e. to make countries pay tax where their real economic activity is located.
The piecemeal approach is sensible, but the G20 agreement is a diplomatic feat, not a legal one. Divergences remain between developed and emerging economies. Contradictions abound within Europe, where the single market allows for tax competition, not all of it fair – tax evasion is always other people.
The âbase erosion and profit shiftingâ the OECD wants to fight against will not disappear until governments pass stringent laws to prevent it. Companies, meanwhile, may come to realise that a level international playing field is better than a system that leaves them exposed to popular anger and government wrath.