Why investors were taken in by Gowex
By Fiona Maharg-Bravo
The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.
Itâs easy to be wise with hindsight. Take the collapsed Spanish free wifi provider Gowex. The company raised several large red flags that domestic regulators and investors should have noticed. It took a foreign investor, specialist short-seller Gotham City Research, to uncover Gowex chief executiveâs fraud.
Fairly basic analysis of the publically disclosed information provided a litany of danger signs. Gotham pointed out that Gowex paid an obscure auditor a tiny fee, compared to its claimed revenue. The accounts were signed off by the head of investor relations, who was also the chief executiveâs wife. Gothamâs digging disclosed that the chief executive had given inconsistent information and that reported revenue was much too large, compared to the visible signs of the companyâs business.
Why were these signs ignored? Basically because euphoria is contagious and profitable. The economic incentives for almost everyone are heavily skewed for good news, not for uncovering fraud. As the Gowex share price rose nearly four-fold in a year, holders, bankers, brokers and management had every reason to keep going. It was easy to assume someone else had looked into the situation.
The Spanish ambiance did not help reveal the truth. The country is short on entrepreneurial tech success stories, so Gowex was welcomed as a rising star. Besides, short-sellers and doubters of Spanish companies are considered almost unpatriotic. And the market regulator had a protective instinct. Its initial reaction to the Gotham report was to order an investigation â into possible market abuse by Gotham.
The lessons are clear. The regulator should be more skeptical. Listed companies, even in the junior market, should be audited by firms from an approved list. The registered market adviser must do more than simply making sure information is sent in the right format and in a timely fashion. Short-sellers should not be despised.
Now it is up to the Spanish justice system to retrieve some national honour. The chief executive will testify on July 14, a week after his confession to the board. The courts can give a strong signal, which will make it harder for another Gowex to flourish in Madrid.