Line’s $13 bln valuation shows chat app exuberance
By Robyn Mak and Una Galani
The authors are Reuters Breakingviews columnists. The opinions expressed are their own.
Line’s apparent $13 billion valuation sends a strong signal about chat app exuberance. The Japanese mobile messaging app’s quarterly revenue jumped 26 percent from the previous three months, its parent company reported on July 31. That pushes up valuation expectations ahead of its planned initial public offering. Yet Line’s valuation hangs on the assumption that new overseas users will spend like those back home. That seems like wishful thinking.
Line’s South Korean parent, web company Naver, had a market capitalisation of $25 billion based on the closing share price on July 30, according to Eikon. Assume its non-Line revenue grows 10 percent year on year, and Naver’s web portal and search engine could potentially generate 2 trillion won ($2 billion) in revenue by the end of 2014. Apply an earnings margin of 30 percent, comparable to peer Yahoo Japan’s 33 percent, and on the same valuation multiple of earnings as the Japanese search engine trades at, Naver could be worth $12 billion without Line. That leaves $13 billion of value accruing to its crown jewel.
At first glance that looks like a bargain compared to the $19 billion Facebook paid for rival messaging app WhatsApp in February. Line’s user base will reach 580 million by the end of the year, and 273 million of those users check in every month, BNP Paribas estimates. That implies a value of $48 per active user, where WhatsApp changed hands for $40. That’s not unduly high given that Line is successfully charging for added extras. It made 18 billion yen ($175 million) in just three months by selling virtual “stickers” and games, a 26 percent increase on the previous three months.
Yet Line’s $13 billion value rests on the thin assumption that new overseas users will spend like those back home. The app gained 10 million users in India within three months of entering the market last year. Southeast Asia and South America are in the company’s sights too. It’s highly unlikely those markets will generate the same kind of returns from Line aficionados as wealthy, leisure-rich Japan. If expansion comes at a cost of declining revenue per user, Line’s value already looks close to the limit.