Unity and inequality
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The most common complaint about the annual State of the Union speech,Â Jeff ShesolÂ writes,Â ”is that it is a laundry list, which is an insult to laundry listsâ€ť. President Obama will deliver his sixth tonight.
Inequality will reportedly be a major portion of the speech. Mark Thoma writes that Obama will talk about â€śladders of opportunityâ€ť instead of focusing directly on inequality â€śto avoid being accused of waging class warfareâ€ť. Jason Linkins points out that Obama has begun focusing on inequality only recently, but that could work to his advantage if he plays it the right way: â€śthe fact that Obama is a Johnny-come-lately to the topic has an upside — he won’t have to be the one desperately trying to point out the problemâ€ť.
Annie Lowrey reports that the president will also talk about â€śpromise zonesâ€ť (previously known as â€śenterprise zonesâ€ť), or regions that â€świll garner renewed attention from Washingtonâ€ť, meaning being prioritized for new federal spending. While the plan seems to have bipartisan support, Lowrey notes that â€śpast enterprise zones have a modest track record. Many seem to have no effect. Others seem to simply subsidize business investment that would have already taken placeâ€ť.
The president is also expected to announce an executive order to raise the minimum wage for federal contract workers starting in 2015, from $7.25 to $10.10. While the number of workers it will affect isnâ€™t known, Jared Bernstein calls it a great idea, writing that it will reach, â€śfor example, maintenance and food service workers in national parks, museums, and army basesâ€ť. Brad Plumer has a good rundown of how the Presidentâ€™s proposal will work. Notably, this is not a proposal to raise the minimum wage overall â€”Â the President tried that last year and it stalled in Congress.
Perhaps the most interesting part of the speech will be Obamaâ€™s announcement that many big companies have signed a pledge to stop discriminating against the long-term unemployed. The administration has published a set of best practices for companies committed to hiring the long-term unemployed, which essentially asks that companies donâ€™t use long-term unemployment as a shortcut to reject applicants.Â Jonathan Chait says Obama is trying â€śto create a new kind of social norm in hiringâ€ť.
John Cassidy says that â€śsadly, Republicans in Congress are likely to resist almost all of [the Presidentâ€™s] agendaâ€”just as they have done for the past three yearsâ€ť. Instead of focusing on what Obama will say, Cassidy points to ten ideas Obama is unlikely to mention, like guaranteed basic income or abolishing public schools, that he thinks are radical enough to actually make a dent the problem. — Shane Ferro
On to todayâ€™s links:
State of the State of the Union
“Full employment”: the two words Obama needs to say tonight – Mike Konczal
In terms of “I”and “we”, Obama is “more or less in the middle of the pronominal pack” – Language Log
Economic inequality in 17 charts – Noah Chestnut