The young and the riskless
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Last quarter, Americans’ household debt showed the largest quarterly increase since 2007. Total household debt rose to $11.5 trillion, which is still 9% below the 2008 peak. This the first year-over-year debt increase since the recession, according to a new report by the NY Fed. Joseph LaVorgna, the chief economist at Deutsche Bank, has declared that “the deleveraging cycle is over.”
For the first time in four years, the WSJ reports, mortgage debt increased over the prior year, thanks to fewer foreclosures and bankruptcies. But compared to 2005-2006, when Americans of nearly all demographics loaded up on mortgages, growth in housing debt was much more limited. What’s pushing up our debt loads, NY Fed researchers write, is borrowing by America’s “young and riskless.” Between 2012-2013, mortgage debt growth was driven entirely by those under 39, and most of the growth came from Americans very good credit scores.
Student debt, the NY Fed reasearchers say, continued its troubling growth, as “even older student loan borrowers continue to increase their borrowing”. And, as Dina ElBoghdady writes, students with medium-to-poor credit scores saw the biggest jump in debt. It’s no surprise, then, that the Mortgage Bankers Association waking up to the many warnings in the last few years that America’s $1 trillion student debt burden is starting to hurt the economy. Under new Federal rules that went into effect last month, ElBoghdady reports, it could become harder for indebted students to get home loans — the rules reward lenders that avoid borrowers whose debt service exceeds 43% of their gross income.” The rule applies only to jumbo mortgages for the time being, but will expand in the next few years.
Some context: among bachelor’s degree students who graduated in 2012 with debt, the average debt load was $29,400, the New America Foundation reports. That’s up nearly 20% in four years. The average estimated monthly bill for America’s bachelor-degree debt: $312 a month. — Ryan McCarthy
On to today’s links:
January 2013: time for bankers to cash in on their equity compensation – WSJ
The effects of a $10.10 minimum wage: reduced employment, less poverty, and a raise for 16 million Americans – CBO