New York mosque opponents react, mayor defends religious freedom

By Reuters Staff
August 5, 2010

nyc mosque 1A planned mosque and Muslim cultural center near the site of the September 11 attacks, which has triggered national debate, faces a new hurdle after a lawsuit was filed aiming to block the controversial project.

(Photo: Demonstrator holds a sign in support of the proposed Cordoba Mosque to be built in New York, July 13, 2010/Keith Bedford)

The lawsuit, filed on Wednesday by the American Center for Law & Justice in Washington whose mission is defending religious freedom, challenges Tuesday’s decision by the New York Landmarks Preservation Commission not to grant landmark status to the 1857 Italianate building currently on the site.

“This issue has nothing to do with religious freedom,” said Brett Joshpe, a lawyer for ACLJ. “Given what the (planned new) building represents, the placement of the project at that location is inappropriate and inflammatory.”

Opponents of the center say it would betray the memory of victims of the September 11 attacks, carried out by the militant Muslim group al Qaeda with hijacked passenger planes.

Legal experts said the lawsuit was a last-ditch effort to block the Cordoba House project, which includes plans for a 13-story mosque and cultural center“This is a thinly-veiled attempted to stop the construction of the mosque,” said Randolph McLaughlin, professor at Pace Law School in White Plains, New York.

Read the full story here.

nyc mosque 2After the Landmarks Preservation Commission gave the project the green light, New York Mayor Michael Bloomberg greeted the decision with a rousing speech defending religious freedom in “the freest city in the world.” He said the core issue was whether the government could tell any faith group where it could worship simply on the basis of its religion.

(Photo: A sign against the mosque project, in lower Manhattan, August 3, 2010/Mike Segar)

“That may happen in other countries, but we should never allow it to happen here,” said Bloomberg, who is Jewish. “We would be untrue to the best part of ourselves – and who we are as New Yorkers and Americans – if we said ‘no’ to a mosque in Lower Manhattan.”

Below is the text of Bloomberg’s speech:

“We have come here to Governors Island to stand where the earliest settlers first set foot in New Amsterdam, and where the seeds of religious tolerance were first planted. We’ve come here to see the inspiring symbol of liberty that, more than 250 years later, would greet millions of immigrants in the harbor, and we come here to state as strongly as ever – this is the freest City in the world. That’s what makes New York special and different and strong.

“Our doors are open to everyone – everyone with a dream and a willingness to work hard and play by the rules. New York City was built by immigrants, and it is sustained by immigrants – by people from more than a hundred different countries speaking more than two hundred different languages and professing every faith. And whether your parents were born here, or you came yesterday, you are a New Yorker.

“We may not always agree with every one of our neighbors. That’s life and it’s part of living in such a diverse and dense city. But we also recognize that part of being a New Yorker is living with your neighbors in mutual respect and tolerance. It was exactly that spirit of openness and acceptance that was attacked on 9/11.

“On that day, 3,000 people were killed because some murderous fanatics didn’t want us to enjoy the freedom to profess our own faiths, to speak our own minds, to follow our own dreams and to live our own lives.

“Of all our precious freedoms, the most important may be the freedom to worship as we wish. And it is a freedom that, even here in a City that is rooted in Dutch tolerance, was hard-won over many years. In the mid-1650s, the small Jewish community living in Lower Manhattan petitioned Dutch Governor Peter Stuyvesant for the right to build a synagogue – and they were turned down.

bloomberg“In 1657, when Stuyvesant also prohibited Quakers from holding meetings, a group of non-Quakers in Queens signed the Flushing Remonstrance, a petition in defense of the right of Quakers and others to freely practice their religion. It was perhaps the first formal, political petition for religious freedom in the American colonies – and the organizer was thrown in jail and then banished from New Amsterdam.

“In the 1700s, even as religious freedom took hold in America, Catholics in New York were effectively prohibited from practicing their religion – and priests could be arrested. Largely as a result, the first Catholic parish in New York City was not established until the 1780’s – St. Peter’s on Barclay Street, which still stands just one block north of the World Trade Center site and one block south of the proposed mosque and community center.

(Photo: Mayor Michael Bloomberg, July 8, 2010/Mario Anzuoni)

“This morning, the City’s Landmark Preservation Commission unanimously voted not to extend landmark status to the building on Park Place where the mosque and community center are planned. The decision was based solely on the fact that there was little architectural significance to the building. But with or without landmark designation, there is nothing in the law that would prevent the owners from opening a mosque within the existing building. The simple fact is this building is private property, and the owners have a right to use the building as a house of worship.

“The government has no right whatsoever to deny that right – and if it were tried, the courts would almost certainly strike it down as a violation of the U.S. Constitution. Whatever you may think of the proposed mosque and community center, lost in the heat of the debate has been a basic question – should government attempt to deny private citizens the right to build a house of worship on private property based on their particular religion? That may happen in other countries, but we should never allow it to happen here. This nation was founded on the principle that the government must never choose between religions, or favor one over another.

“The World Trade Center Site will forever hold a special place in our City, in our hearts. But we would be untrue to the best part of ourselves – and who we are as New Yorkers and Americans – if we said ‘no’ to a mosque in Lower Manhattan.

“Let us not forget that Muslims were among those murdered on 9/11 and that our Muslim neighbors grieved with us as New Yorkers and as Americans. We would betray our values – and play into our enemies’ hands – if we were to treat Muslims differently than anyone else. In fact, to cave to popular sentiment would be to hand a victory to the terrorists – and we should not stand for that.

“For that reason, I believe that this is an important test of the separation of church and state as we may see in our lifetime – as important a test – and it is critically important that we get it right.

“On September 11, 2001, thousands of first responders heroically rushed to the scene and saved tens of thousands of lives. More than 400 of those first responders did not make it out alive. In rushing into those burning buildings, not one of them asked ‘What God do you pray to?’ ‘What beliefs do you hold?’

“The attack was an act of war – and our first responders defended not only our City but also our country and our Constitution. We do not honor their lives by denying the very Constitutional rights they died protecting. We honor their lives by defending those rights – and the freedoms that the terrorists attacked.

“Of course, it is fair to ask the organizers of the mosque to show some special sensitivity to the situation – and in fact, their plan envisions reaching beyond their walls and building an interfaith community. By doing so, it is my hope that the mosque will help to bring our City even closer together and help repudiate the false and repugnant idea that the attacks of 9/11 were in any way consistent with Islam. Muslims are as much a part of our City and our country as the people of any faith and they are as welcome to worship in Lower Manhattan as any other group. In fact, they have been worshipping at the site for the better part of a year, as is their right.

“The local community board in Lower Manhattan voted overwhelming to support the proposal and if it moves forward, I expect the community center and mosque will add to the life and vitality of the neighborhood and the entire City.

“Political controversies come and go, but our values and our traditions endure – and there is no neighborhood in this City that is off limits to God’s love and mercy, as the religious leaders here with us today can attest.”

New York City Council Speaker Christine Quinn, Father Alexander Karloutsos from the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese, Rabbi Bob Kaplan from the Jewish Community Council, Reverend Brian Jordan from the Church of St. Francis of Assisi, Rabbi Irwin Kula from the National Jewish Center for Learning and Leadership-CLAL, Reverend Jim Cooper from Trinity Church, Reverend Les Mullings from the Church of the Nazarene, Imam Shamsi Ali from the Islamic Cultural Center of New York, Reverend T.K. Nakagaki from the New York City Buddhist Church, Cara Berkowitz from the UJA Federation and Matthew Weiner from the Interfaith Center of New York joined Mayor Bloomberg on Governors Island for the speech.

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2 comments

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An open letter to Muslims:
Resistance to a proposed mosque in NYC is not a “vocal minority” or a bunch of bigots.
Before 9/11 few Americans understood Islam, assuming it was another “peaceful” religion. After all, we’re predominately Christians and much of our core values are based on love, peace and brotherhood.
After 9/11 we opened our eyes and learned more about our “enemy” and their values. We are no longer so naive. We are shocked that your Qur’an, unlike our Bible, not only contains no apparent words equivalent to “love” or “peace” but urges the death of all non-believers (not to mention polygamy and elimination of women’s rights). Not only that a “believer” who wants to convert to Christianity does so under a threat of death. That’s a “religion”??? I think not. That’s an ideology bred of hatred and violence…and also fear. You fear Christianity. You fear freedom. But most of all you fear democracy and freedom of thought. The wounds of 9/11 are still open and bleeding….and will be for many years! America did not strike out at Islam or Muslims. Until 9/11 we accepted you into our society, peacefully. And maybe even with a little ignorance. But not now. Those “bigots” and “vocal minority” persons you refer to are Americans who have read your Qur’an and are no longer ignorant or uninformed…and our numbers increase each day. You want to build a mosque in NYC? Fine, but keep it miles away from our open wounds. And while you’re living in America live by our laws, not your depraved and evil Shariah.
Let’s analyze the term “bigot”. Bigot is defined as ‘a prejudiced person who is intolerant of any opinions differing from his own’. I may be wrong but isn’t that an accurate description of Islam? You expect us to open our arms to Muslims after 9/11, after only nine years of healing, and you dare to call us bigots. How about Islam which continues to preach hatred against all other religions, especially Judaism and Christianity, since approximately 625BC? That’s almost 1400 years! Who’s a bigot? Muslims are literally living in the dark ages. I say to you, deny Shariah and re-write the Qur’an and then you can begin to call yourselves civilized.

Posted by im4peace | Report as abusive

@ im4peace
although there are many improvements to be made in certain muslim countries in regards to human rights. Blaming a religion followed by over a billion people is certainly not a solution.
I doubt that so many people would stay repressed by a religion preaching hate and war. Saying that Islam preaches this message is clearly a misunderstanding of the fundamentals of the religion. Especially a religion which stems from Judaism and Christianity and holds essentially the same core values.

Naturally, interpretations differ. as they do in all religions. Unfortunately this sometimes give way to fanaticism and extremism. So who is to blame? the religion or the people?
History shows that whatever the religion, people always manage to kill each other for it.

Now as to the various points you describe in message many are erroneous and very biased. maybe through reading the Qu’ran or asking people directly concerned by these arguments you give (ie actual muslims) you’d have a broader and maybe less unbiased view of Islam.

But here are the counter arguments to your message, I doubt it’ll change your point of view, but being hateful is never a solution, whether your religious or not.

the Qu’ran is mainly about love and peace. Although there are harsher parts (as there are in the Bible, I urge you to read passages Deuteronomy 13 : 6 – 9 as an example) The Qu’ran also says that respect and love must be given to others (especially those of the Judaic or Christian persuasion). There are apparent words for love and peace. and it is certainly not a coincidence that when Muslims greet others, they say “As-salamu Aleykum” meaning Peace be upon you.
Polygamy is tolerated and meant for extreme circumstances but it is certainly not the norm.let’s see what the Qu’ran says :
“If you fear lest you may not be perfectly equitable in treating more than one wife, then you shall be content with one.” (4:3)
and then
“You cannot be equitable in a polygamous relationship, no matter how hard you try.” (4:129)
this more or less says that polygamy is not preferable.

Now as for the stoning of converts from Islam to other religions. nobody can vouch for that in their right minds. But it happens in some countries unfortunately and it can only be eradicated through education.

as for the definition of civilised, wellit may come as a surprise but many muslims aren’t towel heads riding camels in the desert. Islam had a golden age in which it was a worldwide center of culture, education and art. This was actually during the end of the dark ages in Europe funnily enough. I leave it up to you to look up muslim scholars, philosophers, mathematicians, doctors that have all contributed to human knowledge in many ways.

As for the Cordoba house near ground zero, as far as I know, there is freedom of religion in the USA. one is allowed with the proper permits to build a mosque wherever one pleases. as says the 1st ammendment : “Congress shall make NO law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.”

maybe you should see this mosque as an opportunity for two worlds to unite and share in peace. A show of good faith. Showing that America, land of freedom FOR ALL knows that 9/11 is not an act of Islam but of hate.
There is hope and if everybody can get behind the idea of cooperation and maybe learning from each other, wounds will heal.

Posted by al37 | Report as abusive