Iraqi Shi’ites fear Syria’s unrest could spill across border
Iraqi Shi’ites, like their allies in Iran, fret that unrest in Syria could oust President Bashar al-Assad and bring to power hardline Sunnis eager to put their weight behind fellow-Sunnis in Iraq who have lost out since Saddam Hussein’s fall. They fear the turmoil next door could spill into Iraq, reignite sectarian violence and intensify a proxy battle between Iran and Saudi Arabia, which sees itself as the bastion of Sunni Islam and has never come to terms with Shi’ite rule in Baghdad.
“If Syria falls, Iraq will work with Iran to influence events in Syria,” said a senior Iraqi Shi’ite politician, who asked not to be named. “Change in Syria will cause major problems for Iraq. They (Sunnis) will incite the western (Sunni) part of Iraq.”
Iraqi Shi’ite militias are unlikely to fight for Assad’s survival, but might respond if Sunnis in Iraq’s western Anbar province were emboldened by the rise of Sunni power in Syria. Syria was the only Arab nation to side with Iran in the 1980-88 war with Iraq. Assad’s minority Alawite sect is a distant offshoot of Shi’ite Islam. Syria links Iran logistically with its Lebanese Shi’ite Hezbollah guerrilla proteges.
Despite violent repression that, by a U.N. count, has killed 2,700 people, Assad has failed to quell six months of protests mostly involving majority Sunnis. The anti-Assad movement has sought to shun any sectarian agenda, but Sunni Islamists may emerge as a significant force if the president is deposed.
“Will Iran, Hezbollah in Lebanon and their allies in Iraq stand idle and watch Assad collapse and thus bring down with him one of the pillars of the ‘Shi’ite Crescent’ without reacting? Impossible,” said Iraqi political analyst Ibrahim al-Sumaidaie. “Saudi Arabia and the Sunni Arab powers will try to redraw the political map in Iraq to increase Sunni influence in decision-making because until now they have not made peace with Shi’ite rule here,” he said.