YouTube may show “Innocence of Muslims” film depicting Mohammad, U.S. court rules

May 19, 2015
(Cindy Lee Garcia (L), an actress in the "Innocence of Muslims", an anti-Islam movie that has spawned violent protests across the Muslim world, holds a news conference outside her attorney's office after a court hearing in Los Angeles, California September 20, 2012. A California judge denied on Thursday a request by Garcia to remove the film from YouTube. Garcia had sought to have the film removed in a suit against YouTube parent company Google Inc and a California man linked to the film, saying she was duped into taking part and had since received death threats. REUTERS/Bret Hartman)

(Cindy Lee Garcia (L), an actress in the “Innocence of Muslims”, an anti-Islam movie that has spawned violent protests across the Muslim world, holds a news conference outside her attorney’s office after a court hearing in Los Angeles, California September 20, 2012. REUTERS/Bret Hartman)

Google Inc should not have to remove an anti-Islamic film from its YouTube website because a woman complained that she was duped into performing in the film that depicted the Prophet Mohammed as a pedophile, a U.S. appeals court ruled on Monday.

In a case widely followed for its potential impact on the entertainment industry, an 11-judge panel of the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in San Francisco said an injunction prohibiting Google from broadcasting the film should be lifted.

A three-judge panel had ordered Google to remove the controversial film “Innocence of Muslims.” Billed as a trailer, it triggered anti-American sentiment among Muslims in Egypt, Libya and elsewhere in 2012.

For many Muslims, any depiction of the prophet is considered blasphemous.

Protests over the film coincided with an attack on U.S. diplomatic facilities in Benghazi that left four Americans dead, including the U.S. ambassador to Libya.

The court said in its ruling that, “The film, featuring a crude production, depicts the Prophet Mohammed as, among other things, a murderer, pedophile, and homosexual.”

The plaintiff, actress Cindy Lee Garcia, objected to the film after learning it incorporated a clip she made for a different movie. According to the ruling, “Film producers dubbed over Garcia’s lines and replaced them with a voice asking, ‘Is your Mohammed a child molester?'”

The case raised questions about whether actors may, in certain circumstances, have an independent copyright on their individual performances.

The 9th Circuit said Garcia’s argument “would enable any contributor from a costume designer to an extra to claim copyright in random bits and pieces” of a movie.

Garcia said she had received death threats due to the film, and while the court sympathized with her position it found that her copyright claims were weak.

“In this case, a heartfelt plea for personal protection is juxtaposed with the limits of copyright law and fundamental principles of free speech,” the court wrote.

Garcia’s attorney, M. Cris Armenta, said in an emailed statement, “The decision short changes the threats on the life of Cindy Lee Garcia who did not voluntarily participate in the hateful message that the controversial trailer about the Prophet Mohammed espoused around the world.”

Armenta said it was “unlikely” Garcia would appeal to the U.S. Supreme Court.

Google said it had “long believed that the previous ruling was a misapplication of copyright law.”

Twitter, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) and others had urged the 9th Circuit to side with Google.

Twitter argued that copyright law does not require service providers to monitor for all possible infringements. The ACLU said the case involved the public’s right to access and view a video central to a political debate.

via UPDATE 2-YouTube may show ‘Innocence of Muslims’ film -U.S. court | Reuters.

No comments so far

We welcome comments that advance the story through relevant opinion, anecdotes, links and data. If you see a comment that you believe is irrelevant or inappropriate, you can flag it to our editors by using the report abuse links. Views expressed in the comments do not represent those of Reuters. For more information on our comment policy, see