Rights groups slam restrictive new Myanmar birth law as anti-Muslim

May 27, 2015
(Rohingya women hold their children at the Khaung Dokkha camp for internally displaced people in Sittwe, Rakhine state, April 22, 2014. Restrictions on international aid have exacerbated a growing health crisis among stateless Muslim Rohingya in west Myanmar. In February, Myanmar's government expelled the main aid group providing health to more than half a million Rohingya, Medecins Sans Frontieres-Holland (MSF-H), after the organisation said it had treated people believed to have been victims of violence in southern Maungdaw township in January. The United Nations says at least 40 Rohingya were killed there by Buddhist Rakhine villagers. The government denies any killings occurred. An attack in March on NGO and U.N. offices by a Rakhine mob led to the withdrawal of other groups providing healthcare and other essential aid to another 140,000 Rohingya living in camps. Picture taken April 22, 2014. REUTERS/Minzayar)

(Rohingya women hold their children at the Khaung Dokkha camp for internally displaced people in Sittwe, in Myanmar’s Rakhine state, April 22, 2014. ¬†REUTERS/Minzayar)

A new law that forces some women in Myanmar to have children at least three years apart was on Monday criticized by rights groups who say it will be used to target the country’s minority Muslim population.

Myanmar’s President Thein Sein signed the population control healthcare bill into law last week, state-controlled media announced on Saturday.

The legislation is backed by the Buddhist ultra-nationalist group the Committee for the Protection of Nationality and Religion, known as Ma Ba Tha.

The group has stoked anti-Muslim sentiment by saying Muslim communities have high birth rates and will eventually overrun the predominately Buddhist country.

“This law targets one religion, one population, in one area,” said Khin Lay, founder of the Yangon-based Triangle Women Support Group, which gives women professional and political training and lobbied against the law.

The government denies discriminating against Muslims. It says new the birth law is aimed at improving maternal health and child welfare.

It was unclear how the new law against giving birth in the three-year period would be enforced.

The United States has said the legislation, which falls under “Race and Religion Protection Laws”, has the potential to exacerbate racial and religious divisions in the country.

Washington and the United Nations have called on Myanmar to address discrimination and violence against ethnic Rohingya Muslims. They say the government’s policy toward the Rohingya minority is a root cause of mass migration that has led to the humanitarian crisis unfolding on Southeast Asia’s seas.

Other groups have also expressed concerns that the law could further exacerbate tensions in Rakhine State where violence between Buddhists and Rohingya Muslims broke out in 2012. Most of Myanmar’s 1.1 million Rohingya are stateless and live in apartheid-like conditions.

“In the case of Rakhine specifically, it will only create misunderstanding between the two communities,” said Nwe Zin Win, head of Yangon-based women’s rights group Pyi Gyi Khin.

— by Timothy McLaughlin and Hnin Yadana Zaw in Yangon¬†

via Rights groups slam Myanmar birth law as anti-Muslim | Reuters.

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