(A women, wearing a niqab despite a nationwide ban on the Islamic face veil, gives a phone call outside the courts in Meaux, east of Paris, September 22, 2011. REUTERS/Charles Platiau)

Bans on full-face veils in France and Belgium and a failure by other European countries to stop employers from enforcing informal dress codes means Muslim women are being denied jobs and education, Amnesty International has said.

In a wide-ranging report highlighting examples of discrimination against Muslims across Europe, Amnesty said on Tuesday that governments were pandering to prejudices by stopping Muslim women from wearing full-face veils and urged France and Belgium to repeal their own bans on such veils.

“Muslim women are being denied jobs and girls prevented from attending regular classes just because they wear traditional forms of dress,” said Amnesty researcher Marco Perolini. “Rather than countering these prejudices, political parties and public officials are all too often pandering to them in their quest for votes.”

The human rights group said countries like Belgium, France, Switzerland and the Netherlands were also failing to prevent employers enforcing informal policies that banned religious dress – such as headscarves worn by many Muslim women – on the grounds of preserving neutrality, promoting a corporate image or pleasing customers.