rome synagogueTullia Zevi, one of the historic post-war leaders of Italy’s Jews and the only woman to ever hold the post of president of the country’s Jewish communities, died Saturday at the age of 92, her family said.

Zevi, who had been in failing health for some time and was a prominent figure in Christian-Jewish dialogue, died in a Catholic hospital just across the River Tiber from the Rome neighborhood that is still known as “The Ghetto.”

During her long career she also held senior positions in the World Jewish Congress and European Jewish Congress.

She was often critical of the Vatican and the Roman Catholic Church when she felt Jewish rights were not respected. One of the best-known women in Italy for decades, she was once considered a candidate for the country’s presidency.

Zevi was born in Milan of a well-to-do Jewish family that emigrated to the United States in the late 1930s after dictator Benito Mussolini enacted the so-called racial laws which prohibited Jews from holding state jobs or studying in state schools.