Counterparties: Banning shorts in Europe
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A ban on short selling didn’t reverse a drop in stocks when the SEC imposed one coveringÂ 19 financial companies in July 2008, including, ahem, Lehman Brothers. Spain and Italy believe they can achieve more success — the countries have reinstated a ban onÂ short selling the shares of their financial institutions.
Spain’s claim that the sell-off in bank stocks is overdone is made difficult by its continued negotiation of a $1.2 billion bailout of its financial banking system. That bailout looks increasingly necessary: The Bank of Spain reported that the economy contracted byÂ 0.4% in the second quarter.Â And the fiscal health of the provinces continue to weaken. On Friday, the overly indebted region of Valenica sought financial aid from the central government in Madrid, and the tiny region of Murcia looks like it will do so as well. Those payments are getting increasingly expensive for the central government to fund. Yields on Spain’s 10-year bonds hitÂ 7.52% today, a euro-era high.
Italy is in a relatively better position (emphasis on “relatively”). Sicily’s situation is causing alarm in Rome, as policymakers announced they would send the island $484 million in aid to stave off a liquidity crunch.Â Sicily, which some call “the Greece of Italy,” faces the same problems ofÂ bloated public payrolls and overly generous public pension contracts,Â as the country as a whole:
Today, Sicilyâ€™s regional government has 1,800 employees â€“Â more than the British Cabinet Office â€“Â and the island employs 26,000 auxiliary forest rangers; in the vast forestlands of British Columbia, there are fewer than 1,500.
Out of a population of five million people in Sicily, the state directly or indirectly employs more than 100,000 of them and pays pensions to many more. It changed its pension system eight years after the rest of Italy. (One retired politician recently won a case to keep an annual pension of 480,000 euros, about $584,000.)
And then there’s Greece itself. The WSJ reports that European officials have doubts about the new government’sÂ commitmentÂ toÂ austerity â€“Â and have compiled a laundry list of more than 200 delays to cuts to prove their point. The Germans are growing increasingly inured to Greece’s cries for help: While Prime Minister Antonis Samaras was telling Bill Clinton that Greece was in “our version of the Great Depression,” German Vice-Chancellor Philipp Roesler told an interviewer that a Greek exit from the euro zone “has long ago lost its terror”. â€“ Peter Rudegeair
On to today’s links: