Counterparties: Bushmasters and baksheesh
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We found out in April, thanks to the NYTâ€™s David Barstow, that Wal-Mart de Mexico was a corrupt organization and that the US parent company had seemingly no interest in what was going on there. But just how bad did things get? Barstowâ€™s now back, showing that the corruption at Mexicoâ€™s largest employer was systemic and integral to its growth:
Wal-Mart de Mexico was an aggressive and creative corrupter, offering large payoffs to get what the law otherwise prohibited. It used bribes to subvert democratic governance â€” public votes, open debates, transparent procedures. It used bribes to circumvent regulatory safeguards that protect Mexican citizens from unsafe construction. It used bribes to outflank rivals.
Through confidential Wal-Mart documents, The Times identified 19 store sites across Mexico that were the target of Wal-Mart de Mexicoâ€™s bribes… Over and over, for example, the dates of bribe payments coincided with dates when critical permits were issued. Again and again, the strictly forbidden became miraculously attainable.
In the wake of the initial NYT report, Wal-Mart has spent $100 million investigating the bribes, including the Â corruption scandal at Wal-Martâ€™s Indian joint venture; it is also the subject of a criminal investigation, part of a larger move by the Justice Department to crack down on violators of theÂ Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.
Ira Stoll says that Wal-Mart isnâ€™t the only villain in this story: heâ€™s disappointed that local Mexican officials who accept bribes are largely given a pass by the NYT. Also unexplored, he says, is the idea that regulations all too often â€śserve to enrich the people who write the regulationsâ€ť. The Atlantic Wireâ€™s Adam Clark EstesÂ points out that part of the problem is the size of the bribes a global behemoth like Wal-Mart can pay compared to local incomes. For example, one mayor with an annual salary of $47,000 was given $114,000 in cash over a single year.
Corruption isnâ€™t the only controversy Wal-Mart is facing. On Monday, it pulled the Bushmaster AR-15, the gun that killed 26 people in Newtown, from its shelves. The NYT also hints that there are further shoes to drop in the story of Wal-Martâ€™s corruption: todayâ€™s story is presented as Part 2 of a series. Here’s looking forward to Part 3. — Ben Walsh
On to todayâ€™s links:
Do not offer Nassim Taleb an orange Shasta – Chronicle for Higher Education
The media have discovered “chained CPI” and its sneaky social security cuts – CJR
3 alternatives that are more progressive than “chained CPI” – Dylan Matthews
How did public schoolteachers end up owning a stake in the largest seller of semiautomatic rifles? – Dan Primack
Cerberus is immediately selling its stake in the company that made the gun used in Newtown – Dealbook