Counterparties: Living longer with less
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Americans with $1 million in savings may be in for a dispiriting surprise — they still haven’t saved nearly enough. The problem, reports the NYT’s Jeff Somer, is that bond yields have fallen and life expectancies have risen.
A 65-year old couple with a $1 million nest egg of tax-free municipal bonds that withdraws 4% per year, Somer says, has a 72% chance of running through their retirement savings before they die. The even larger problem is that the millionaire 65-year old couple is far from typical. The median household retirement account balance for Americans aged 55-64 is just $120,000.
“The bottom line,” Somer quotes NYU professor Edward Wolff saying, “is that people at nearly all levels of the income distribution have undersaved”. The result, according to Wolff, is that Social Security will be the primary income source for most retirees, even for retirees who are relatively well off.
Mutual fund managers’ solution to the problem is mandatory savings. BlackRock’s Larry Fink is one of the most visible champions of mandatory investment plans like Australia’s, which have the benefits of removing the market-timing itch and the problem of employers who have no retirement plan at all. Under the Australian model, employers must contribute 9% of pay (rising to 12% in 2020) for their workers. This, Dan Kadlec writes, “increasingly is being held up as a model for the US”.
But all defined-contribution schemes are reliant on the market going up. And no such plan, Tadas Viskanta writes, can treat the market like an “ATM machine from which one can extract guaranteed returns”. — Ben Walsh
On to today’s links:
Big Brother Inc.
There’s never been a more important leak in American history than Edward Snowden’s – Daniel Ellsberg
“The national security apparatus has been more and more privatized and turned over to contractors” – NYT
A look at the VC firm that helps the NSA find startup investments – TechCrunch
And, of course, there are many more links at Counterparties.