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May 28, 2012
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Bankia’s whopping bailout is double-edged sword

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Bankia’s whopping bailout is a mixed blessing. The Spanish lender has asked the government for a higher-than-expected 19 billion euros to fill its capital hole. State support will shore up a systemic institution. But the scale of the cleanup implies other weak lenders are also short of cash. It is unlikely that Madrid can fill the gap on its own.

May 18, 2012
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Botched bailout rebounds on Bankia

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Bank nationalisations are never pretty, but they are generally supposed to reassure savers. That’s why a report that depositors fled Bankia after the government last week took control of Spain’s fourth-largest lender is so troubling. The government has denied the report, and Bankia’s new chairman said depositors can be absolutely calm. Yet the latest share price plunge inflicts further pain on clients who participated in the lender’s IPO last summer.

May 9, 2012
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Spain finally owns up to its banking mess

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Mariano Rajoy has bowed to the inevitable. It can’t have been easy for Spain’s prime minister to admit the country’s battered financial system could need more public funds. Even so, Madrid is preparing to inject 7-10 billion euros into Bankia, according to Reuters. Propping up the big former savings bank is only the first step in what is hopefully a definitive cleanup.

Apr 20, 2012
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Spain’s banks could use some disaster insurance

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo and Peter Thal Larsen

The authors are Reuters Breakingviews columnists. The opinions expressed are their own.

Spain’s banks are once again in the eye of the storm. Though the sector has undergone consolidation and raised fresh capital, most lenders are still shut out of wholesale markets. Concerns about banking contagion are one reason Spanish bond yields are in the danger zone once more. Disaster insurance, underwritten by the euro zone, could help take the issue off the table.

Apr 18, 2012
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Repsol nearly pricing in the worst

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

How bad could it get for Repsol in Argentina? The Spanish oil and gas company has just had the bulk of its 57 percent stake in YPF expropriated by Buenos Aires. It’s far from clear whether Repsol will be properly compensated. Which way it goes could make big difference to its market value.

Apr 16, 2012
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Repsol has to fight Argentina’s oily expropriation

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo and Kevin Allison
The authors are Reuters Breakingviews columnists. The opinions expressed are their own.

Argentina’s leftist government is taking control of YPF, the oil and gas company 57 percent owned by Repsol of Spain. Worse, the state is nationalizing only Repsol’s shares. Stakes owned by Argentina’s Petersen Group, and other minorities, will escape the expropriation.

It’s not yet clear what price Argentina will pay for the shares, but given that a state tribunal will decide, it’s safe to assume Repsol will get a raw deal. Nor is this small beer for the Spanish company. YPF has accounted on average for 63 percent of Repsol’s oil and gas production since 2007 and has contributed nearly 30 percent of its group operating income, according to Société Générale estimates. What’s more, Repsol’s exposure to YPF is actually larger than it looks. Argentina’s Petersen group still owes Repsol $1.9 billion after it struck a deal to buy shares from the Spaniards. Petersen has relied on dividends from YPF to service the loan. Now Argentina may redirect these dividends into capital investment at YPF.

Apr 16, 2012
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Spanish house prices poised for more falls

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Spain’s property market has been crashing in slow motion. Now the decline is accelerating.

Apr 11, 2012
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Spain’s fiscal amnesty sends wrong message

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Spain has a large underground economy and the country faces an uphill struggle to shrink its budget deficit to 3 percent of GDP in 2013. But Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s decision to allow a temporary, no-questions-asked fiscal amnesty is wrong on several fronts. It is desperate and will be ineffective. A better approach would be to beef up resources on tax inspection.

Mar 30, 2012
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Spain can’t avoid austerity conundrum

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

It’s hard to get the population revved up for a general strike in a country with a 23 percent unemployment rate. Indeed, the one in Spain on March 29 – aimed at stopping the country’s recent labour reform – was relatively subdued. There is an air of inevitability about the upcoming austerity, to be outlined on March 30 in the conservative government’s first full-year budget. Too much austerity could be self-defeating and even unrealistic, but Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy doesn’t have much choice.

Mar 28, 2012
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Spanish bank take-under reveals real estate mess

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By Fiona Maharg-Bravo

The author is a Reuters Breakingviews columnist. The opinions expressed are her own.

Spanish bank investors have just had a painful reminder of the real estate mess that burdens the country’s banking system. Just a few months after Banca Civica listed on the stock market, Caixabank is buying the smaller lender – and its dud property loans – in an all-share deal priced at an 11 percent discount to market value. Caixabank will reap savings from cutting costs, including its own network. Without state support, though, the deal is still a risk.

    • About Fiona

      "Fiona Maharg-Bravo is breakingviews´ Madrid correspondent. Fiona joined breakingviews in 2003 in London, covering media, transport, energy and Spain. Previously she spent a few months at the Financial Times as winner of the 2002 Nico Colchester Fellowship. Before becoming a journalist, Fiona worked nearly five years in banking, first at JP Morgan in equity capital markets and leveraged finance groups and then at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. She gained a BA/MA (Phi Beta Kappa) from the University of Chicago in Political Science and International Relations and a Diploma in Economics from Cambridge University."
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