Global Investing

Ford: Failure to Communicate?

fordtruck11Here’s an idea for Ford — make sure that when you talk to The Street that The Street is listening.

The shine on the Blue Oval got smudged Friday as shares fell as much as 15 percent after its fourth-quarter profit missed estimates by almost 40 percent. Why? Analysts were apparently blindsided by more than $1 billion jump costs in the fourth quarter compared to the third.

It was the first time Ford fell short of estimates in two years, and the miss upstaged what was an otherwise notable year. Ford reported its best annual income in more than a decade and had more cash than debt in its automotive operations, a key milestone it has aimed at hitting for more than a year.

During Friday’s earnings conference call, analysts and journalists peppered CEO Alan Mulally and CFO Lewis Booth with variations on the same question: what happened?

Mulally stumbled over his words a bit before saying simply: “We could have communicated maybe a little bit better on that.”

Recession or depression?… “I’d rather not”

Here’s a blog post by my colleague Nick Carey.

This year’s roundtable event for the Society of Automotive Analysts (SAA) — held on the sidelines of the Detroit auto show — was always likely to be a somber affair, what with the U.S. economy in recession and auto sales falling off a cliff.
But even though the outlook for the sector this year is grim, analysts and other attendees in the half-empty room managed a few gallows-humor laughs.
“I see we have a few empty pews here,” Finbarr O’Neill, president of automotive forecasting firm J.D. Power and Associates (left), said to a few chuckles.
Many analysts have moved on since last year’s show, either because the firms or banks they worked for have gone belly up, or because their employers no longer feel the need to cover the U.S. automakers when their stocks have performed so poorly.
Even though the SAA rented a much smaller conference room at the Renaissance Center in downtown Detroit — also home to the headquarters of General Motors — than for last year’s event, there were nonetheless quite a few vacant chairs.
O’Neill proceeded to tell a joke about an Irish bank robbery — prefaced with the fact that he is himself of Irish heritage — and explained to the audience that the reason he was telling it was that they would need to keep laughing despite the awful auto sales outlook that he delivered. J.D. Power expects that U.S. auto sales in 2009 will be the worst since 1982.
“Let’s maintain our sense of humor folks. We’re going to need it.”   
But much of the laughter was at unintentional gaffes.
In the introduction for Paul Taylor, chief economist at the National Automobile Dealers Association (NADA), one of the hosts said the NADA had 2,200 members before correcting that figure to 22,000. Chuckles greeted the mistake, because the NADA is losing members at quite a pace.
The NADA says there were 700 fewer U.S. car dealers at the end of 2008 than at the beginning and expects there to be 900 fewer dealers still by the end of 2009.
But one of the biggest laughs was reserved for a comment from Ford’s senior economist Emily Kolinski Morris (right) in a Q&A session after she and Taylor spoke.
A member of the audience asked whether Kolinski Morris and Taylor would described the current U.S. downturn as a recession or a depression.
Kolinski Morris paused, for just a moment.
“I’d rather not,” she said, to widespread laughter from the audience. 

(Photos/J.D. Power and Ford) sizes up Big 3 at Detroit auto show

Reuters interviewed Peter DeLorenzo, publisher of website during the Detroit auto show. Highlights follow:

Q: What kind of shape do you see the U.S. automakers in?

– Ford

“Ford is clearly distancing themselves from what I now refer to as the old Detroit two.”
– GM
“There’s kind of a Jekyll-and-Hyde thing going on with General Motors.”

“I call it the dead car company walking. There are too many serious problems hovering over Chrysler right now.”
“The suppliers are starting to make contingency plans for a world that doesn’t have Chrysler in it.”
“I just don’t see them surviving the year.”
“If the economy doesn’t start to show signs of life, I don’t think Chrysler can keep the whole thing afloat.”
Q: Are electric cars finally going to be a reality given the time lines announced at the show?
“Will electric vehicles be a part of this nation’s fleet in the future? Absolutely, but I don’t think they will ever be more than 25 percent. Hybrids will be a strong player going forward.”
Q: Will those time lines put the U.S. automakers under greater pressure, however?
“Being put under the microscope in Washington just opened a Pandora’s box of attention on the Detroit automakers.”
Q: Will luxury auto market suffer even more than the overall market in the recession?
“I don’t think there’s any question that the availability of incentivized leasing programs allowed people to get into vehicles they couldn’t normally afford.”
“A shakeout is coming. It’s probably going to hit import manufacturers really hard.”
“It (the luxury segment) will still exist, but I think it will be at a reduced level and stay there for a while.” 

40-plus MPG possible for next generation Ford Focus

Ford’s next generation Focus, due to land in the U.S. next year, could get 43 miles per gallon on the highway, more than 20 percent better than the current version.

Ford tipped that potential mileage at the Detroit auto show with its introduction of a Lincoln concept car (left). The concept is built on the same platform as the next generation Focus and equipped with a four-cylinder EcoBoost engine the automaker plans to offer on some versions of the Focus.

“We haven’t announced the powertrains yet on the next generation Focus, but it certainly gives you an indication of what the powertrain might be and what the fuel economy might be,” Ford product development chief Derrick Kuzak told Reuters. editor sizes up U.S. auto market

Reuters spoke with James Bell, editor of the website, a website that allows consumers to compare the cost of ownership on vehicles. Highlights follow:
Q: What kind of shape are the U.S. automakers in?
General Motors
“What was incredible for me was during the Senate hearings, how that company was forced to kind of drop their pants and show an ugly side that maybe they were hoping to kind of keep hidden, but I think the company is going to be better for it.”
“Everyone needed to get over the fact that they’re not No. 1 anymore. It’s Toyota.”
“There’s still a sense of ‘Why would I buy a GM or Chrysler when I can rent one?’ and that’s a bad spot for them to be in. To the general consumer there’s still a big gap.”
Ford Motor – 
“Ford go a lot of credit for not going to the (government bailout) well, but that’s only because they already mortgaged their future.”
“They’ve done a nice job of distancing themselves from the other two, but it’s not because they’re doing so well. It’s because they’ve already paid the piper, so to speak.”
“From a product perspective, they need to make a ton of noise about their hybrids because Toyota has done a fine job of positioning themselves as a hybrid-green-efficient company while they were still pushing Tundras and Sequoias. Whereas General Motors or Ford is seen as an SUV and pickup truck company who had a couple green cars on the side.”
“That could be a perception gap closer because I think in a lot of consumers’ minds a company that can do a hybrid well can do a gasoline standard car very well, and Ford’s doing hybrids very well now.”
Chrysler –
“Their product line is awful. It’s unfortunately true and I’ve driven them all and I’ve tried to find the rose among the thorns and I can’t.”
“The (Chrysler) brand is kind of damaged goods now. Dodge still has some equity as being more of a budget, fun, little more of a spirited brand, probably younger skewing as well. Jeep has equity beyond belief. I just think the Chrysler brand is falling into a Plymouth trap of being somewhat irrelevant.”
Q: Is the Chevy Volt all-electric car (pictured at LA auto show in November) a potential game changer for GM?
“Probably not as much as they would hope because it’s going to be expensive and it won’t be on every street corner like a Prius is in certain cities. The Volt … better arrive at the end of 2010. I don’t think it’s going to bring them the big wave that Prius did for Toyota. It will definitely help, but it’s more a matter of you have to do it just to keep in the game.”
“I don’t think consumers are going to shy away from those products because a lot of people got burned pretty hard driving that Yukon and finding out that the ATM card would only let you go up to $75 at the fuel pumps.”
“If they put a date on something and they don’t deliver, they’re really going to be done in the public’s eye.”
Q: How will the luxury auto market be affected by the recession and has easy credit goosed that market up to now and it will inevitably fall off?
“Easy credit has been goosing that market for years as is the leasing business. That really allowed people to drive a vehicle that’s way beyond their means.”
“BMW, Mercedes, Lexus, they can weather the storm and I think what they’ll probably do is right-size the business. We are going to a period of austerity for a bit where somebody goes shopping for the Lexus and realizes, ‘We’re really more of a Toyota Avalon household’”
“Luxury is going to be defined a little differently going forward. It’s not going to mean the mega V-8 engine with leather everywhere and killer sound system. It might mean efficiency, but with niceties.”
Q: What do younger buyers want?
“I don’t think (customization) is going to be the Holy Grail. It’s going to be solid product with plenty of creature comforts at a fair price as well as a strong image perception.”
Q: What other factors will be important in the overall sales market?
“The car business isn’t going to dry up. They still need to get cars. They’re just going at it from a much more rational way. Resale value is going to become a very big factor in people’s purchase decisions.”
“There’s just going to be more of a rational look at things and not just going for that new car smell all the time.”

Consumer Reports car guy makes the call on U.S. automakers

Reuters sat down with David Champion, senior director for automotive testing at Consumer Reports magazine, at the Detroit auto show. Some highlights:

Q: What is your opinion about the U.S. automakers and where they stand on vehicle quality?


– GM

“They’ve done extremely well in designing and building really interesting products that really test well and really hit the market where the customers are buying. They have the product. Unfortunately, they don’t have the reliability. In today’s day and age, you really need everything to succeed.” 

Hyundai’s Genasis kicks off auto show with award

South Korea’s Hyundai is counting on Genasis to be the start of something new. The Genasis, described by as a “game changer,” won the North American car of the year award at the Detroit auto show, edging the Ford Flex 189 votes to 180. 

Hyundai is counting on the Genasis as a “halo” car to lure more affluent buyers. Hyundai’s victory was the first in the award’s 16-year history for a Korean automaker.

One judge, Matt DeLorenzo of Road & Track magazine, said:

“Hyundai Genesis shows that Korean automakers have come of age. Great fit and finish, high quality interior and smooth plush ride gives the Genasis the look and feel of a much more expensive automobile. “