Maoist killings in Dantewada call for multi-pronged response

April 6, 2010

The well-planned  ambush and deliberate killing of  more than 70 security personnel by Maoist cadres on April 6 in the Dantewada district of Chhattisgarh has caused enormous anger and anguish all over India.

INDIA-MAOIST/The phrase 6/4 is being added to the blood-splattered internal security lexicon of India that is still coping with 26/11 – the equally pre-meditated and cold-blooded Mumbai attacks of November 2008.

Are India’s complex internal security challenges becoming more intractable?

The answer, alas, is yes. And the reasons have to do as much with the virulence of the Maoist cadres as with the inadequate response of the state over the last decade plus.

Notwithstanding the fact that Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as far back as November 2005, had identified the Maoist-left wing extremist (LWE) constituency as the gravest danger to the country, the national security apex of the country and the trouble prone states have not been able to create adequate capacity to contain this challenge and provide the right redress and related measures.

When incidents like 6/4 and 26/11 happen, the brief and intense REACTIVE response is predictable.

The dominant collective consciousness that is more focused on cricket, cinema and inane celebrity antics is jolted – but for a short and transient period.

And then it is a reversal to the all too familiar complacency about national security.

As many as 165 out of a total of 626 districts in India have been classified as Maoist-LWE affected in varying degree and the number of security personnel  killed or injured – both state police and central paramilitary – has been steadily increasing.

Yet the response of individual states has been either indifferent or inconsistent – and in some states such as West Bengal – local electoral considerations have seen a tacit degree of covert cooperation among the political parties and the Maoist cadres.

It has been repeatedly pointed out – but in vain – that the roots of the Maoist-LWE challenge to the Indian state lies in the latter’s deeply embedded venality and the steady increase in corruption and exploitation of the most impoverished  citizens – be they tribals or other sections – by different organs of the state.

And where force is to be applied – as in the case of Dantewada – some degree of professional ineptitude has been compounded by an overall tenor of institutional turpitude.

INDIA-MAOISTIndia needs an effective and equitable multi-pronged strategy to deal with what 6/4 represents that neither demonizes or romanticizes the Maoist cadres.

Overwhelming force is not the answer – lest this constituency become even more intransigent about seeking redress only through violence.

Appropriate development initiatives that reach this social cross-section, whose numbers are growing by the day – and a sincere dialogue process accompanied by swift security counter-measures that will quarantine the more violent cadres is called for.

6/4 calls for equitable justice including apprehending the killers of these 75 security personnel and bringing them to law. Baying for emotive retribution would be imprudent.

Comments

Indifference and insensitivity to the problem by the central govt. is the only reason .Killing in Pune haapens ,The home minister says it is not a secuirty failure .Let few of top bureaucrats and politicians spend a month in the tribal areas rathar than watching IPL and inaugraing metros .

Posted by S dubey | Report as abusive
 

The author has not given precise………..
………. short term and long term measures to resolve the issue, unfortunately.

Posted by babu2cat1 | Report as abusive
 

http://outlookindia.com/article.aspx?264 738-4… looks at the problem from “their’ view..

Posted by hegde | Report as abusive
 

This is nothing but what happened a decade back in Nepal and we know the end.

[ Kudos and Congrats to Red China for its very economical operations in Nepal. ]

The CPI [ MAOIST ] is nothing but an well activated, nurtured and field tested INSURGENT group of 21st century in India !!

Give any name you want!!
They are……. RED Maoist Insurgency !!
Probable methodology is simple and time tested:-

A. To defeat an insurgency it is necessary to cut off its internal and external support, and then to hunt down the remaining insurgents. The Centre and State Govts [ CASG ]in unison must have centralized plan for it as the RED Maoist Insurgency have very cleverly spread geographically in more than 3 states. [ If the political will needs a dismissal of non cooperative or feet dragging State Govt, do not hesitate. For flimsier reasons in the past genuine State Govts have been dismissed].
B. This RED Maoist Insurgency is dependent upon internal support for recruits, base areas and supplies, and upon external support [ Red brother is watching ] for weapons and equipment. Without this support they cannot effectively replace their losses or build up enough forces to distrupt normal governance and degrade / bring disrepute the existing CASG.
C. To cut off the RED Maoist Insurgency internal support, the CASG must protect the people from RED Maoist Insurgency reprisals as well as winning their hearts and minds.
D. To cut off the RED Maoist Insurgency’s external support, it is necessary to seal off the nation’s borders, coastal waters and airways. This is not done in a whiff. Remember all fake notes are coming from Nepal. Al Qaeda sends operatives from Bangala Desh. The hijacking of Indian Airlines plane started at Nepal and ended in Kabul !! So detailed study and action plan must be formulated by the CASG.
E. Once the RED Maoist Insurgency is denied their internal and external support , they will be weak and vulnerable to destruction. Lightly armed mobile forces, backed by Central para military and [ perhaps under command of Services] Indian Army’s resources [ if need be ] must methodically conduct overlapping cordon and search operations, moving from sector to sector, until the back of the RED Maoist Insurgency has been broken and most of its members have been killed or captured.
F. Effective counter-insurgency against RED Maoist Insurgency is long, expensive and difficult to implement. Success should be measured by the active cooperation of the populace rather than the number of insurgents killed or captured.
G. We know this is frustrating to the majority of conventional soldiers trained to win battles rather than appeasing civilians. So special units may be raised/ motivated / launched , it is the best way to save Indian from anarchy.

Posted by babu2cat1 | Report as abusive
 

THIS IS A PROBLEM CREATED BY SUCCESSIVE GOVERNMENT’S. SIXTY THREE YEARS SINCE INDEPENDENCE AND THESE BEAUTIFUL PEOPLE, THE ‘ADIVASIS’, THE ORIGINAL INHABITANTS OF INDIA, OR ABORIGINALS AS THEY ARE TERMED IN THE WEST, HAVE BEEN IGNORED BY THE SYSTEM.
PROJECTS HAVE BEEN SANCTIONED IN THE NAME OF IMPROVING THEIR LOT, BUT SADLY ALL THE FUNDS HAVE BEEN GROSSLY MISAPPROPRIATED ! THESE PEOPLE LACK EVEN BASIC HEALTHCARE, PROVEN BY THE FACT THAT A MAJORITY OF THEM SUFFER FROM TUBERCOLOSIS. THEY ARE DEPRIVED OF EDUCATION (THE SCHOOLS ARE OCTAGONAL BASTIONS MEANT SOLELY TO ACCOMODATE PARA-MILITARY FORCES)SO THAT THEY CANNOT FIGHT FOR THEIR RIGHTS AS LAID DOWN BY OUR CONSTITUTION.
TODAY HUGE CORPORATE FIRMS INTERESTED ONLY IN THE MINERAL AND FOREST WEALTH IN THE AREA ‘FORCE THEIR WAY IN’ ILLEGALLY, FOR THERE IS NO CONTROL WHATSOEVER IN THIS COUNTRY. WHAT IS THE SORT OF REACTION YOU EXPECT – WELL IT IS EXACTLY THE SAME IF SOMEBODY INTRUDED INTO “YOUR” OR “MY” HOME !! FURTHER, THE GREED OF THE CORRUPT POLITICIANS OF OUR LAND KNOWS NO BOUNDS – INCIDENTALLY THEIR DEPOSITS IN SWISS BANKS ADD UP TO A FEW TRILLION, WHICH GIVES FOREIGN NATIONS THE NOTION THAT INDIANS ARE DOING WELL !
AM GLAD, AM PROUD (FOR GOOD REASONS) THAT AT LEAST THE INDIAN ARMY WHICH MAINTAINS TO A LARGE EXTENT THE DISCIPLINE HANDED DOWN TO IT BY OUR ERSTWHILE RULERS (THE BRITISH) TO THIS DAY, HAS REFUSED TO DEAL WITH THIS PROBLEM – FOR, IT WAS CREATED BY UNJUST, UNSCRUPULOUS AND BLOODTHIRSTY MEANS.
THE ONLY WAY THAT THIS PROBLEM COULD BE SOLVED WOULD BE BY “UNCONDITIONAL DIALOGUE” AND BY STOPPING THE PLUNDER AND LOOT OF THE AREAS IN WHICH THESE PEOPLE HAVE LIVED FOR MILLENIA !
JAI HIND !

Posted by ALFRED J.TIMS | Report as abusive
 

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