The Great Debate UK
Despite widespread knowledge of how the AIDS-causing virus HIV is transmitted, and how to prevent it, the disease is still spreading. An estimated 34 million people worldwide were living with HIV/AIDS in 2010, according to the World Health Organization. Sub-Saharan Africa is the worldwide epicenter, with 22.9 million people living with HIV/AIDS, but epidemics and areas of high concentration abound elsewhere, including in Western Europe and the southern United States. Now, an emerging concept known as treatment as prevention – where patients are given medication for the primary purpose of stopping new infections – is gaining favor as a way to decrease the spread of HIV, if not end it altogether.
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) can halt the progress of HIV in infected people, and prevent them from passing it on by reducing the amount of virus in the body. It is rarely initiated at the time of diagnosis because the disease usually isn’t causing physical deterioration at that point, but the lag between diagnosis and starting ART leaves a wide window for new infections. (WHO guidelines recommend starting ART when the level of CD4 cells – an infection-fighting component of the immune system that is gradually destroyed by the virus – plummets below 350 cells per cubic millimeter, far below the normal range of 500-1,500 cells per cubic millimeter).
For years, studies have explored whether starting ART earlier could help prevent the spread of HIV. A landmark finding published last year in the New England Journal of Medicine came from the large HPTN 052 clinical trial which found that starting ART early reduced the rate of transmission between stable, heterosexual partners by 96%.
It was bound to happen. You could see it waddling into view from a long way off. We are now being told by the medics that we should seriously consider a tax on fatty foods, in order to combat the scourge of obesity. How appropriate that, according to The Independent, the Deputy PM is planning to recruit 65,000 “State Nannies”!
One wonders how the new tax will be computed. Will it be a higher rate of tax on higher fat-content foods? Will chicken breast be taxed at a lower rate than chicken legs? Will omega-3 fats be taxed at a lower rate than omega-6? Either way, we can look forward to a tabloid feeding frenzy which will make pastygate look like a Cornish picnic.
-William Thies, Ph.D. is Chief Medical and Scientific Officer of the Alzheimer’s Association. The opinions expressed are his own.-
This week, more than 5,600 of the world’s leading scientists gathered in Paris to report and study the latest advances in Alzheimer’s research at the Alzheimer’s Association International Conference 2011 (AAIC).
What: Live Webcast of Press Conference after the GAVI Alliance pledging conference for immunisation
Date: 13th June, 2011
Time: 1.30pm to 2.00pm BST
Run Time: Approx 30 mins
Join us for a live press conference following the “Saving children’s lives – the GAVI Alliance pledging conference for immunisation” event, with Bill Gates, Prime Minister David Cameron, Secretary of State Andrew Mitchell and senior Ministers from Norway (Tore Godal), Sweden (Gunilla Carlsson), United States, Canada, the European Union and Rwanda.
from Global News Journal:
Every time I write a story on European countries cutting public spending, I feel a frisson of panic. I can't help but fear my health, lifestyle and liberty could be a casualty of the "age of austerity".
On assignment covering the Sri Lankan civil war for Reuters four years ago, I broke my neck in a minibus smash. It left me quadriplegic, almost entirely paralysed from the shoulders down and totally dependent on 24 hour care. I was 25.
from The Great Debate:
-- Jeff Kindler is the chairman and CEO of Pfizer. He has agreed to reply to readers' responses about this opinion piece. The views expressed are his own. --
While it’s encouraging that slightly more people say they trust business and government today than a year ago, surveys show more than 70 percent of Americans and Europeans fear companies and governments will return to business as usual once the recession ends. It’s easy to see why.
London's transport bosses are telling travellers on the tube system to beat the heat by carrying a bottle of water with them when they venture underground.
But how many of us are refilling our bottles with tap water rather than pouring money down the tube -- not to mention the cost of recycling the plastic bottles -- by buying a new bottle of water each day?
from UK News:
His annual report calls for a minimum price of 50 pence per unit of alcohol sold, which would nearly double the price of some discount beer and wine. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have also shown interest in minimum pricing.
- Shelley Ross is secretary general of the Medical Women’s International Association, a non-governmental organisation representing women doctors from all continents. The opinions expressed are her own. -
The Medical Women’s International Association was created in 1919, not long after the first International Women’s Day in 1911. MWIA’s founder was an American by the name of Dr. Esther Pohl Lovejoy, who served as its first president. She was an obstetrician by training but an activist and humanitarian by action. Not only did she establish MWIA but she also founded the American Women’s Hospital Service during the First World War.
from The Great Debate:
Are a CEO’s health problems a private matter? Or does he or she have an obligation to disclose them to investors and other stakeholders?