World stuck with the dollar, more’s the pity

By J Saft
March 27, 2009

jimsaftcolumn5— James Saft is a Reuters columnist. The opinions expressed are his own —

The dollar is, and will remain, the U.S.’s currency and its own and everyone else’s problem.

The idea of creating a global currency, as espoused by China earlier this week, is interesting, has a certain amount of merit and is simply not going to happen any time soon.

U.S. desire for free access to the cookie jar that being the world’s reserve currency represents will be too strong, especially given its need to finance huge amounts of debt reasonably cheaply. As well practicalities are fearsome, even if consensus was more or less there.

Chinese central bank head Zhou Xiaochuan on Monday called for the creation of a new “super-sovereign” global reserve currency, advocating building on an International Monetary Fund instrument called Special Drawing Rights.

Zhou echoed a call by Russia last week, when it indicated it would raise the issue at the upcoming Group of 20 meeting in London on April 2, saying the idea had support from emerging market economies including Brazil, India, South Korea and South Africa.

There is no doubt that the current system breeds instability, but it enjoys the great advantage of entrenchment and sticking with it allows the U.S., and others, to avoid making hard choices and paying true market prices for their economic decisions.

No surprise then that President Obama knocked the idea down in blunt terms. “I don’t believe that there’s a need for a global currency,” Obama said, terming the dollar “extraordinarily strong right now.”

Exactly. Too strong by some margin, especially when one considers the coming effects of both quantitative easing and a massive long-term need to fund the costs of the debt binge that exploded and the ever increasing bailout to clean up the aftermath.

In fact you could say the dollar’s “extraordinary” strength can only be fully explained when you take into account the fact that foreign central banks keep piling up huge reserves of the thing and that it is the international medium of exchange for commodities and energy, well really for global trade and financial intermediation.

Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner said on Wednesday the U.S. dollar is still the world’s reserve currency and will remain so for a long time, but expressed openness to greater use of IMF SDRs.

The dollar’s central role has two main implications, both rather ugly but also very seductive for those involved.

For the U.S. it’s a bit of a free ride as far as debt financing goes. People buy and hold treasuries more and the U.S. gets cheaper financing that would otherwise be the case. Of course that’s a bit like an alcoholic bartender getting a discount at work; a real benefit, but not a true one.

It also means that even if the U.S. has the will to take away the proverbial punchbowl or drive the dollar down, it doesn’t always have control, as what it does at the short end of the interest rate curve can be confounded by foreign purchases that keep the long end and financing costs down and the dollar up.


The U.S. reserve status also opens up the opportunity for mercantilist countries, like, say China, to keep its own currency cheap, building up huge dollar stocks and force-feeding the American milch cow with cheap credit with which to buy imported goods.

That may not work any more anyway, as all of the cow’s stomachs are full and the milk’s gone thin.
There is a temptation also to build up reserves as protection against bad times and bitter IMF medicine.

Many Asian leaders seem to have vowed after 1997 that they would do what was needed, which often included building up dollar reserves, to avoid having to meet an IMF director’s plane at the airport and accept the accompanying prescription.

That rather indicates that the old system, with the U.S. as global reserve currency, is dying, but I doubt it will do so without a fight and with cooperation among nations willing to cede part of their sovereignty, even for a greater good.

It is amazing and encouraging that China speaks of ceding control of a portion of its foreign reserve assets to IMF management, but I have a hard time seeing it happening widely soon.

So, we will have to get through the next year or two without a super-sovereign currency and with global imbalances being worked out, or around, under the current system.

My best guess is that things actually go in the right direction, more or less. The dollar should weaken as a result of U.S. policy even without a deliberate push downhill from the Chinese. Asian exporting nations will see slowing reserve growth generally, which should translate into diminished flows into the dollar and Treasuries.

That’s going to be painful all around. The Chinese and others will see their investments dwindle, even as they have to resist the impulse to sell into the fall. For the U.S. the process of implementing monetary policy and paying for fiscal policy will be made that much more difficult.

So, goodbye and perhaps good riddance to dollar hegemony, but don’t expect a stable system of global cooperation to rise easily and quickly in its place.

— At the time of publication James Saft did not own any direct investments in securities mentioned in this article. He may be an owner indirectly as an investor in a fund —


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What do we do when the price of gold becomes outragiously high to the dollar?

Posted by Ara Horasanian | Report as abusive

The biggest problem with a world currency and a mega-strong IMF is who will be in charge after all, whom will the IMF be responding to? Without democratic supervision, IMF may turn into the worst type of Frankensteinian monster ever created. And let us keep in mind that IMF is actually ruled by the US.

Posted by Cristi Barbu | Report as abusive

The US Government has been exploiting the status of the Dollar as a global reserve Currency to the hilt. The low Interest and quantitative easing Policy followed is ensuring that the pain of US fiscal profligacy is spread to Countries and people across the World. These people are a lot poorer and can ill afford to subsidise American consumption of Global resources.
In the absence of alternatives,might is right. The ramifications of the US throwing more

Posted by F.Daruwala | Report as abusive

The world is littered with examples of reserve currencies being toasted – a simple look at history will tell you that…

Posted by Evaluator Speculator | Report as abusive

Sorry for the earlier truncated posting!

The US Government has been exploiting the status of the Dollar as a global reserve Currency to the hilt. The low Interest and quantitative easing Policy followed is ensuring that the pain of US fiscal profligacy is spread to Countries and people across the World. These people are a lot poorer and can ill afford to subsidise American consumption of Global resources.
In the absence of Currency alternatives,might is right. The ramifications of the US throwing more Money at Wall Street to cover their gambling Losses is fraught with danger and bound to fail as a Tiger cannot change his colour nor can a Gambler change his habits. Such opportunistic decisions are unethical,fiscally irresponsible and morally hazardous. That the Costs of this folly will be mostly borne by the poor and innocent across the world is both sad and disturbing.
Be prepared for a drastic drop in American influence across the World and very tough times for American citizens. The ordinary peace loving,tax paying American citizen may not want to remain a serf forever.

Posted by F.Daruwala | Report as abusive

One of the only convincing reasons I have ever read about the real motives behind the Bush administration to invade Iraq; (ignoring all the BS about the threat of WMD’s or to foster democracy in the region and Saddam gassing his own people with nerve gas originally supplied the the US) + (ignore all the radical liberal charges that the US wants to control Iraq’s oil reserves where that may be a component of a long-term foreign policy or not); the theory that made the most sense was that Iran, Iraq, Venezuela, and some other minor players were going to refuse payments for oil in USD and only except Euros instead. Indeed Saddam’s regime already had done this while at the same time dumping massive amounts of USD and trading for Euros where he made a very handsome profit as the Euro having been worth less than the dollar rocketed past it between 2000 and 2003. Saddam tried to lead by example I suppose. Look what happened to him. Any other takers on that move? Indeed the US would obviously not give up the role of reserve currency without being dragged away kicking and screaming. As entrenched as the dollar is, I fail to see how that could be possible without a systemic collapse. Are we there yet?

Posted by J | Report as abusive

James, and at what point do you expect the Amero to replcae the US dollar?

Posted by Joe McTavish | Report as abusive

It’s high time for US to get sober. It is only possible when there is some sort of global currency. Then US will consume liquor as much as it can afford; not, as of now, by merely printing more dollars.

Posted by Sajid | Report as abusive

Of course Geithner, the one holding the reserve currency is gonna say that it will exist forever but in the end it’s not the one to decide.

China is in a Faustian situation in which buying more dollar treasuries could be suicide in the end but not buying will harm the dollar as well. That’s why they’ve come up with an idea to get them out of this Faustian trap.

But as long as the dollar is in a “still value” situation this will not be done lithely. This situation will change when the dollar really loses it’s value which will make the discussion about a new world currency much more easier.

Posted by Youri Carma | Report as abusive

It is true that there is nothing alternative to dollars. Certainly, the world is not going back to gold and silver exchange.Also, there is not any other country has good credibility. Every country is a trouble. So go dollars go. who has power to prevent you. Your are powerful trade machine. Dollars, dollars and dollars

Posted by Shahin | Report as abusive

The fact that so many countries around the globe are questioning the validity of maintaining vast reserves of the US$ is not a promising sign for the once mighty greenback. My guess… withing 2 years or less, the Euro will become the world’s reserve currency as the US$ is now beginning the slide down it’s self induced slipery slope. Pretty difficult to spend your way out of this.

Posted by W. Finn | Report as abusive

Yes, It’s true the gold and silver standard will not come back, but there is a new currency out there. It’s called the Amero. This could be why the U.S. is in this spending frenzy. Print as much paper money as possible. Flood the market with paper which value comes from the “faith” of it’s people. Cause ungodly inflation, which will enflame the people which will be the vehicle to the Amero!! U think?

Posted by JB | Report as abusive

Special Drawing Rights are derived from “Paper Gold” In other words,gold has intrinsic value,not papers. Gold is a precious metal as silver,copper et al. I have reason to believe that the price of gold is going up especially in Asia when folks have the tradition to value Gold as the standard of wealth. Currency is usually paper and papers are papers per se!

Francis Shieh, a lifelong student of economics to search for knowledge and wisdom and to add Gold for its intrinsic value as known to all folks. March 27, 2009

Posted by francis shieh | Report as abusive

Skilled labor isthe source of wealth. When people have a marketable skill,they can earn income and accumulate wealth. “The Wealth of Nations” may be the people with skills as human capital or human resource to be the

factor of production i.e. labor.

“Keys for Economic Understanding” online book catalog may be a useful reference to learn the true wealth of an individual or a nation or a human capital in the global economy.

March 27, 2009

Posted by xie shihao | Report as abusive

That China is beginning to phase out of dollars is a good thing. This trend will end a number of problems. The first is the inability of the US Congress and the US consumer to spend within their means. It will end the failed notion of the US being able to dominate the world militarily, since funding its military at its current size will become ever more difficult and unstainable. By moving to a basket of currencies approach, we will also see the demise of the foreign currency markets as they will be largely unnecessary since central bankers/governments will keep the mix of currencies within narrow ranges for political reasons. This is a good thing, as foreign exchange markets have been little more than extortion rackets for a long time, where exorbitant tolls have been extracted by money changers for international trade.

Although the Chinese may seem as though they have a lot of dollars that will become worthless if they do phase out use of their dollar reserves, they will actually have an equally large gain in the appreciation of their own currency. For a country like China, which will soon overtake the US as the world’s largest economy and where they are heavily dependent on manufacturing, this will be a good thing as their own currency will buy more raw materials. In the near term, the Chinese can grow their economy by growing their domestic economy by using their dollar excesses, which should quickly wind down their dollar portfolio. Inflation will only be much of a problem in the US, which has decided to base its economy on further oil consumption and on shifting its negative assets from one asset class to another. Although Obama has a strategic vision to get the US out of its current quandry, their are too many republicans who own a disproportionate share private capital and as a consequence they will be able to block sufficiently rapid progress for the strategy to work, even though the average American will suffer greatly for the obstructionism.

The notion that Americans can continue its profligate spending because others are trapped into supporting it through the dollar is illusory. As the global dollar phase out begins, it will rapidly change the international monetary order. Although the IMF is currently dominated by the US, as the dollar wanes, the Chinese and others will be calling the shots as only they will have money to pump into the IMF to support it. Again, they will be able to liquidate their dollar valued assets for their contributions. In 5 to 10 years time, the glut of dollars problem will be resolved, although the internal domestic consequences for the US will only then begin to command the attention of the American political classes.

Posted by sgp | Report as abusive

Good for you James Saft. Not many mainstream journalists are willing to bring up the description of the style of the emperor’s missing clothes. My understanding is that there is not much actual US$ currency out there. At the rate that it is being diluted, how can it possibly stay strong? Especially now that the emperor’s naked body comes into view and it is covered with infected wounds and cancerous tumors. We begin to understand why the Fed does not share much information about its internal workings. Bernanke may have made a big mistake in trying to transform it into a Fantasia where everything is done with the best interests of the American people and the American economy. This banker’s club has used the good professor’s elevation to conceal it’s coup of the world economy.

Posted by Jonathan Cole | Report as abusive

A query about the disclaimer
“””At the time of publication James Saft did not own any direct investments in securities mentioned in this article. He may be an owner indirectly as an investor in a fund –”””

>> Does’nt our friend Saft have USD currency in his pocket ?


Posted by karuna | Report as abusive

@ karuna

Posted by PwlM | Report as abusive

It is clear to much of the world that US has got drunk the past decade, and is drinking even more now trying to get out. Significant *further* depreciation of the USD in the next few years is all but guaranteed. The irresponsibility demonstrated by the US means it is unsuitable for managing a world reserve currency. Russia, China, BRIC, and (silently) oil producers have decided it is time to create a competing reserve currency beside US & Euro.

Whether this will happen is mostly a function of these countries, not the US. They are the ones who must propose a workable model for the IMF SDR, and implement that model. They are the ones who must then transfer a suitably large chunk of their reserves to the SDR, and let the IMF manage it. They are the ones who must trade and settle using the SDR.

A good start is to make the SDR substantially non-fiat. Base it on a basket of commodities in addition to the major currencies. This will give it some real meat, and function as a meaningful reserve currency.

While the US will fight tooth and nail for the USD as reserve, failure is good for its own sake. Because the country has got drunk over it, addicted to the free lunch economy as a result. But holders of USD also bears major responsibilities – because they too got addicted to holding USD and the ‘free’ trade benefits as a result. In the end, this is a question of will power.

Posted by The Real Thing | Report as abusive

CreditCrunch!Finacial Crunch!! the latest economic terror unleased by the American Market economy.To stae the truth the system was not based on morals and is doomed to die. There is an ethical crunch in their system and in its hypocritical advocacies.Americans have a penchant for consuming beyond their means all these years which I should say in no uncertain terms that they have just sucked the blood of the less priviliged of world under the guise of elitism. Please spare the world its last breath America and pay your debts and live within your means.please do not invent another malaise with your recovery plans!!

Posted by mohamed ayub | Report as abusive

I found the Chinese statements interesting as a significant symbolic moment with respect to their rising power, and as a first marker being placed on this issue. For the moment I would suspect that marker is intended to tip the present balance a bit, but also to begin to crystalize thought at a world scale with respect to this issue.

For any power other than the United States it is not clear to me at this point that the benefit of the USD as the world’s reserve currency with respect to standardization, (past) stability, etc outweighs its present and rapidly growing future liabilities.

The US, bear in mind, launched a massive campaign against the proposal and the launch of the Euro, declaring it pointless, unnecessary, threatening to the existing international currency regimes, and doomed to fail.

We know the outcome of that campaign.

The present US posture is also, I feel, doomed to fail, and with far greater consequence.

The Chinese are not yet the determinative factor here, but they are rapidly approaching that point, and they have served notice.

I suspect we will indeed evolve internationally along the lines suggested by the Chinese and that this will on the whole be a good thing.

Posted by atomikweasel | Report as abusive

instead of china trying to end the US$ it should try and boost the value of the dollar.

Posted by tony | Report as abusive

Just think how easy counterfeiting would become.

Posted by Vaughn | Report as abusive

sooner or later,,, ppl will realize that the true gold standard is … gold.

but again US will benifit,,, because only US has sizable gold reserves unlike others who have sizable $ reserves :)

Posted by Adil | Report as abusive

Why is everyone is freaking out about the Dollar collapse. Japan, UK and soon Europe are printing money like crazy, even more than USA, compared to the size of their economies. Yet no one is concerned about those currencies collapsing.

Posted by Sam | Report as abusive

Much ado about nothing. If your holding your breath on this happening any time soon, be prepared to pass out.

Posted by J | Report as abusive

Today the world’s monetary system is uni-polar, centered on the dollar. Rather than creating a new “super-currency,” I believe it is more practical to gradually move towards a multi-polar world. As two steps in this direction, China can make the yuan fully convertible, and the world’s central banks can increase their holding of non-dollar currencies and gold.

Posted by David Levner | Report as abusive

hey XIE SHIHAO, the chinese economy will never pass the u.s nor will any other country for that matter. all of you other countries are so dependent on the americans it is rediculous. the united states will always dominate the world in every aspect. get it thorough your heads!!!! talk all you want but you are dreaming.

Posted by I HATE LIBERALS!!! | Report as abusive

The move to a super-sovereign currency unit will stabilize the world market but greatly reducing the potential profits of currency manipulators/speculators such as banks and hedge funds. Forex and derivatives becomees simple gambling vehicles and guess who owns the casino. Casino owners do go bankrupt too, if they spend beyond their means trying to dominate the world as “I HATE LIBERALS” had said.

Posted by Silverback2009 | Report as abusive

As an idea to provide an alternative currency is really good. US$ has lost its fairness to be the global currency. Rather than having “super-sovereign” currency, why not create a multi-polar currency or use gold as a standard for medium of exchange, value storing.

Lets see the rise of new system.

Posted by Joe | Report as abusive

The answers can be found in the story of France’s John Law 1729.

Bretton Woods II = Global Coordinated Currency Realigment.

Deficit nations = currency devaluation

Surplus nations= currency revaluation

Posted by Gilbert | Report as abusive

yesh, some modest inflation, difficult to pull off but the fed is working on it will raise the value of toxic assets by decreasing the dollars purchasing power against everything (called inflation). it also helps asia finally become more consumerist as the purchasing power of even the everyday rice farmer goes up. as for cold metal, that does nothng but sit there…. have fun hoidng on to it, cold metal sitting in vaults reminds me of corpses. gold isn’t the only non-dollar asset, some non-dollar assets really sing. even now.

Posted by Steve | Report as abusive

this guy must be smoking something china is or can run the show now, who has been footing the bill so far does he really think they will go on forever, the dollar is toast and so is this country all great empires have fallen at one time or another you can not cure debt with more debt you can not borrow your way out of debt does any one realize just how much a trillon dollars is??? welcome to a 3rd world country formerly known as the united states

Posted by dale | Report as abusive

USA IS #1. You people in Europe, France, England and China and Japan and Asia and other places, don’t know how powerful we are!! We have the biggest military and great hard-working people here. We don’t have corruption and we have a real system that works. We have the creativity and we make all the movies and tv shows that everyone of you people watches. When did you last watch a Chinese tv show? We still make the best airplanes and computers and all electronics. Who makes all the hi-tech items. Not China and not India. In fact, in those countries and even in Europe, they don’t even have indoor plumbing. In our country, we have the best universities and the best businesses in the world. Frankly, we give billions of dollars to all the poor countries in the world, and we Americans are the most generous people in the world. Our churches also help everyone in Africa and Asia. So, the dollar is # 1 and we are #1. Don’t be jealous. Just work hard and you can be successful like us.

Posted by Pauperville | Report as abusive

moderate inflation is simply wishful thinking, don’t be an ass and try to fool anyone. At the aftermath of the Vietnam war, even home mortgage rates had gone up to some 24%!!! You can’t wink it.

Posted by Silverback2009 | Report as abusive

The Chinese will eventually get burned by the U.S. dollar. It is being held up only by quasi-derivatives, created by the Federal Reserve’s primary dealers, on behalf of the Fed and U.S. Exchange Stabilization Fund. Thus, the U.S. Treasury controls the value of the dollar, day to day, now, and it is a fiction that speculators or sentiment have anything to do with it. The dollar IS NOT a safe haven, and everyone knows that. If the Chinese were smart, they would be buying gold and silver, right now, during this “calm” before the storm. But, they are not smart, as evidenced by how so many big Chinese banks were taken in by the primary dealers, like Goldman Sachs, JP Morgan, etc., who took the short side of the dollar, just before the derivatives-based pump started, back in mid-July 2008. The Chinese banks lost $10’s of billions to the primary dealers, who knew, in advance, that the big dollar pump was about to begin.

One should not feel sorry for the Chinese however. They’ve gotten what they wanted. They are currency manipulators themselves, although they use brute force, rather than the sophisticated techniques utilized by the Fed’s primary dealers.

The Chinese gained a lot by vitue of America’s prolificacy. They industrialized their country, put men in space, enhanced their technology and military, etc. None of it would have been possible without the import of American and European technology. They did it all at the expense of hollowing out the economy of the USA and the European nations.

Soon, when the time is ripe, Chinese brute force currency manipulations will meet Helicopter Ben’s Helicopter dollar drops, and the Chinese will lose. The dollar will crash, when the Fed wants it to crash, and not a moment before. It won’t happen for many months — not until the U.S. Treasury manages to sell most of its bailout bonds to innocent fixed income buyers.

Once we are finished sucking up money from foolish domestic and foreign bond investors, we will stop the charade. The dollar will be dropped from Helicopters. China will be allowed to have its SDRs, if it wants, as a new international currency, and Americans will never again succumb to the siren song of cheap Chinese goods, which will become much more expensive, due to the incredible inefficiencies in the Chinese economy (there is a good reason why they constantly seek to devalue their currency).

China and, also, our allies in Japan, Taiwan, Thailand, S. Korea, etc., will be forced to rely on internal demand. The tradition of parasitically tapping into American consumer’s willingness to put himself into unrepayable debt will have to end, and the global imbalances will even out, as a result.

Asians will get burned, along with domestic investors who put money into U.S. dollar based bonds and other fixed income investments, like CDs. The American stock markets will seem to rise magnificently, but only in nominal terms. They will continue to fall in inflation adjusted, or gold adjusted terms, because the profits from the China trade will no longer puff up the balance sheets of companies as diverse as JP Morgan and Hewlett Packard.

Helicopter Ben will “save” the nation by hyperinflating American debt away. The prime victims will be retirees, savings oriented investors in CDs, bonds, etc., and the Asians. The prime winners will be American banks, domestic manufacturers, and previously over-spending consumers who had intractable debt burdens. It will be much cheaper to pay down old debt when the dollar is worth 1/5th of its present buying power value. The U.S. government, of course, will benefit greatly, as all the unfunded entitlements suddenly become funded by cheap dollars. Of course, the people getting those entitlements will get the number of dollars originally allocated to them, but it won’t buy very much.

Posted by John Maynard | Report as abusive

As atomikweasel says, the Chinese are making symbolic positioning statements about a replacement for the U.S. $ as world reserve currency – as is the U.S. in response.

But movement on this may not be so far away. The Chinese have weight as lender of first and last resort and the rest of the world have no interest in seeing available resources sucked in to feed U.S. debt habits.

Transition looks tricky but the G20 central banks could agree to hold their currencies within set bands in relation to each other and to ban various forms of speculative currency trading. This would damp down market movemements and give time for the details of a currency basket to be thrashed out. On any basis, the two main currencies would still be the US $ and the Euro but presuumably with others given some weighting. The mechanisms of the 1960s and 70s – with bands and crawling pegs restraining exchange rates – could return.

Provided the big central banks remained united, they coudl quash any Soros style attempt to break the emerging system. For the U.S. to refuse to cooperate would be a very risky strategy as the U.S. $ would be forced down and U.S. interest rates up against other currencies

Posted by Simon Smelt | Report as abusive

The question is not anymore if there will be or not a global currency replacing the dollar. The question is whether the replacement of the dollar by an international reference currency will be done smoothly in the coming 1/3 years, organized by the G20 countries; or whether it will happen brutally, with the breakdown of the existing international monetary system during Summer 2009 because of Dollar and US T-Bonds collapse. Time is running short for alternatives to chaos.
See what these guys who predicted accurately the current crisis said in an open letter to G20 leaders published on march 24th in the Financial Times. n-G20-Summit-Last-chance-before-global-g eopolitical-dislocation_a3010.html

Posted by Raider999 | Report as abusive

Just to give an idea of how much 1 Trillion $ debt means. The interest that USA pays to China for that amount of debt roughly covers China’s annual total military expenses — even when the interest rate is so low at the moment.

Posted by Panda | Report as abusive

The real inflation is population. Both China and India face immense problems pushing income down the ladder fast enough to prevent a violent explosion.

Both will need a dollar to smooth international trade, but both will also need to keep more of their currency in country for the huge income challenges they face.

America will turn inward, as will other countries because resource shortages and population imbalances will force everyone to self-evaluate and make changes. Trying to come up with a new language of commerce is a distraction right now.

Posted by beezer | Report as abusive

The decline of the imperial greenback has long been anticipated and whilst this is undoubtedly the end of the US$ as the global reserve currency of first and last resort, there are no easy alternatives either. The IMF SDR route might appear attractive at first glance but there is simply no guarantee that such an approach will create the stability that sovereigns and investors are desperately searching for, particularly in the current crisis. This is after all not a recession per se, it is the re-calibration of global capital relations at a particularly complex moment in history. The excessive indebtedness of the West alongside the rise of the second world has forced the hands of Western leaders, best evidenced by the sudden evolution from G8 to G20; reflective of the fact that G8 can no longer fund its own future. A bigger club means more voices and more voices only lead to a less cohesive economic ideology, perhaps even one that tends towards pretectionism. Either way, unless the US faces up to the fact that poor fiscal and monetary policy at home effects every dollar holding household globally, calls for its replacement will likely continue for some time. This is afterall what globalisation is about! If the SDR route eventually emerges as the most likely replacement, then accomodating such a process will also change the very nature of the IMF itself, which is long overdue, and such a move will doubtless afford emerging economies at least a seat in the economic theatre within which they are forced to act!

Posted by Peter J. Middlebrook | Report as abusive

not only is the dollar the reserve currency now , it will be in the future as it is adopted by nation after nation as their defacto currency–starting with east europeans–think poland. The argument about currency risk is eliminated if there is no need for conversions, so loo for trading partners to adopt 1 currency for all. In the end it will be USD and yen/yuan and the third currency will be for the countries no one wants to play with anymore–ven,rus,kor etc

Posted by dominick speziale | Report as abusive

I think everybody should be forced into taking finance and economics at school, beginning at the lowest possible grade and continuing until at least College. I have no idea what this is about; and of course my lack of understanding is colored by my anger as to why some of the people who got us where we are aren’t taken out and shot. That’s an effective Chinese solution. You’d be amazed how fast things would turn around. I admire Mr. Seft’s work but sometimes I don’t understand the subject matter.

Posted by Andrew Franks | Report as abusive

Tthe global currency exchange market operates with ruthless efficiency in determining currency exchange rates as seen by the rapid adjustments to measures introduced such as “quantitative easing” that resulted in devaluation of currencies such as £ and $.

The IMF acting as a currency “market maker” is loaded with possible negative implications that exceed the benefits of an international currency. One world government and one world currency is a utopia not likely to occur in the near future.

My vote is for retention of current system of currency exchange markets.

Posted by Gregory | Report as abusive

You get to be the reserve currency by being the biggest trader around. It’s not something determined by governments, really. Prior to the US$, the reserve currency was the British pound which lost its primacy between the two world wars because Britain lost its empire and all the trade that represented as well as becoming impoverished by both world wars. My guess is that the Chinese are trying to forestall their currency from becoming the world’s reserve currency because they are the biggest trader right now and they’re the producer – a position the US held decades ago. Now we’re merely the biggest consumer but, since we’re approaching bankruptcy we probably will lose the biggest consumer distinction.

So the US$ will be around as the reserve currency for a while but not, I think, for the foreseeable future.

Posted by jeff | Report as abusive

I have to echo the comments from a previous writer about not understanding all the intricacies of the idea of a global currency.

But what I do understand is that it is extremely short-sighted to base any kind of economy on industries with only one or two big players taking way too much of the pot. If we should become a less dynamic and less powerful economic force, it might be the best thing for us. Let us have to watch other countries get the goodies for a while. Maybe, and I am certainly hoping, that would force all of us to have a country-wide discussion about a fiscal policy that is not dependent on politics and a 100-year plan for creating a stable economy that was future-oriented, sustainable, exciting, and inclusive.

What would our country look like in 2109? I am hoping for cleaner, leaner, and certainly viable on the world stage. We can set the ground work now. Wouldn’t that be a great legacy?

The idea of global currency wouldn’t be so scary or mysterious then, because we would be ready for whatever came.

Posted by erin Van Tassel | Report as abusive

someone here commented that China should boost the value of the dollar. How if the Fed just keep on turning the printer churning up more green paper? To devaluate the RMB? Then they will accused of exchange rate manipulation. Left, right or center, they will be accused of doing something bad. Just like the media accusing China of producing craps and import to US and Europe, they never blamed the real culprits >> the US and European merchandisers who compressed margins to extract more profits to boost their tens/hundreds of millions (each,individually) of executive bonuses and stock prices.

Posted by Silverback2009 | Report as abusive

Re: Andrew Franks Comment

Hi. I would respectfully suggest you simply wade into the subject, as you already are, and give yourself time to become acclimated. Courses, if available, can be helpful, but also have their limitations.

This is fairly complex stuff, and it simply takes a while to wrap your head around it.

I’m sure you’re intelligent, and I think your outrage is entirely appropriate. Wade in, though, learn, take time to form your opinions — one wants to allocate those executions carefully, after all ;)

Posted by Not Silent Not Bob | Report as abusive

Does Saft ever have anything positive to say about the economy of the United States? I have not seen one yet. It is doubtful if the U.S. will give up its currency anytime soon, just as Great Britain did not give up its Pound for the Euro.

Posted by Ted | Report as abusive

The us dollar is not the “strongest” currency. As of today, one US dollar equals to .75 “cents” of a euro. One us dollar equals to .69 “cents” of a british pound. Just last year, one US dollar equaled less than a Canadian dollar.

Most americans don’t even know this. They all think “we are the supremacy of the world”.

I’ve always said, “What goes up must come down” and that is exactly what happened with the US Economy, and by doing that, also brining down the rest of the world in its crash.

Posted by Benito | Report as abusive

No one would control a new reserve currency. It will be a group of them and the base will of equal value. The dollar would be one of them. However will not be the same dollar we would use here. If anyone truly thinks that US has choice if this will happen or not, is living in a time when the US controlled the world. Guess what those days are over. Where do you tink all the US dollars come from? The world buys our debt and we can never pay it back. There will be a new dollar created as part of the reserve group and all those trillions of dollars ou there now will come back to the US and we see inflation like never before. This isn’t negativity its called facing reality.

Posted by Truth | Report as abusive

I get the distinct feeling that the author is saying in effect that the US is essentially pushing the world into using our dollars and the folly of our desire to keep our economy afloat at this moment is going to lead to our eventual doom. From the later comments I would asume that many readers of the column would also merrily kiss the US goodbye, for the UK, or Canada to take our place in the world. The fact is, if the US economic system collapsed it would mean a systemic collapse of the economy of China, Western and Eastern Europe, death adn famine in the developing world, and countless other casualities of having such a huge footprint in the world. Are their really big problems in the banking system, in the US and internationally, absolutely, did Wall street and US lawmakers make some of those problems, sure they did, but many similiar problems occured in England and the rest of Europe. If we were the teachers of bad behaviors, Europe and much of the rest of the world were excellent eager pupils. If your without sin, cast stones. If your a residnet of a country like the US that has done many of the exact same things, how about you spare the us the righteous indgnation for another occation.
Hopefully this sad chapter in all our lives will be a clarion call for a modernization of regulation, and enforcement of anti trust laws, and resonable and responsible management of large companies by their management and boards.

Posted by Andy W | Report as abusive

Dollar.. I really don’t see it in 10-12 years..

Posted by Hyg Yzt | Report as abusive

We need a single world currency not a bigger IMF. For Americans who can’t imagine giving up the dollar, imagine if each state in the US had its own currency. Imagine going to New York on vacation with a wallet-full of Alabama dollars and trying to get a good exchange rate. We Americans have the New York dollars and the rest of the world is at our mercy. I don’t have a complete answer but I can see that the current system is unfair and hurts the world’s poor more than it does the rich Americans who are making the decisions on the US economy.

Posted by Ron Frazer | Report as abusive

The U.S. has been committed to paying its old debts and its newly created debts with highly inflated dollars for, at least, two administrations. Bush commtted this nation to that course and Obama put the throttles on full speed ahead. The Chinese (and other investors domestic and foreign)are in the classic dilemma of a bank which has loaned too much to a borrower with poor security — they can’t call the loan without making the loan worthless. If China tries to sell its dollar denominated instruments, the value of the dollar will plunge. The Chinese have already announced their slow withdrawal from the dollar but the fall of the dollar in response is inevitable — and planned by America. As the American printing presses roll, all dollar holders better run for the cover of other monetary instruments ( with the attendant risk they may inflate as well) or gold or other hard assets.

Posted by Tom Doniger | Report as abusive

China elected to have a weak currency and use dollars as a reserve currency instead of developing its own currency to reserve currency status. Now, China says that the U.S. should surrender control of its currency in order to suit China’s preferences. Give me a break. If China wants a reserve currency that suits its own requirements, it should develop one on its own. China has the wherewithal to do it, but China wants somebody else to pay.

Posted by Bob | Report as abusive

What the world needs is honest money, not debt based fiat that trap borrowers in a debt hole.

To avoid or prevent deflation and default under a debt based fiat system, the money supply must continually grow to repay the existing debt plus interest. Which means… More debt, always more, creating more interest owed to Banksters.

So what happens if people pay off their debts and no one borrows? The money supply shrinks. This is the back door trap of a debt based money system.

The Banksters have cooked up a real good system to keep people, and nations trapped in a debt hole.

Honest Money is the solution.

Posted by Honest Money | Report as abusive

Dear Reuters The Great Debate

There is a book, or many books, on why US$ is the world reserve currency. US$ is used to price commodities trading, including oil, globally.

USA is able to keep printing money without any worry, for now and as long as the countries who are holding and buying the US governemnt debts are still buying, willingly or unwillingly. It is UNLIKELY to relinquish this SPECIAL ADVANTAGE anytime soon! It will go to war with any nations who push this too hard since militarily it is still the only super power!

But the 2 of the biggest creditors of USA are beginning to question the ‘true value’ of US$ i.e. China and Russia. Japan is too friendly with the USA and is unlikely to want to rock the boat. This should give cause for the US government to ask this Treasury Secretary, who has not really won me over yet despite my beloved President Obama’s support of him, to not make too much cocky statement.

If the Chineses and the Russians start to price the natural resources they controlled in Euro or other currencies instead of US$, they can begin a movement to oust US$ as the ‘world reserve currency’. Of course, in the short term they will suffer big losses ad they supposedly hold lots and lots of US$!!

IF US government can eventually PAY OFF all these debts to stimulate and bail out the banks and their Auto companies in 10-year time, maybe the Chinese and the Russian will stick around. I don’t know.

But, please don’t discount the possibility that the rest of the world simply just have to accept US$ as the ‘world reserve currency’. USA has lost the authority to tell the rest of the world that it has the BEST managed financail system in tht world anymore.

Slowly there must be a new ‘currency’ where the top 10 economies in the world have a say in it’s composition and weightage! Yes? Who know? Maybe just an inteliigent debate!

Best regards
LU Keehong Mr.

Posted by LU Keehong | Report as abusive

Though far from perfect, America has a great track record in so many areas. The world is still a dangerous place and to participate in the demise of America invites a truly frightening world. Live in reality, not some candyland fantasy. America has been bad lately in some key ways but overall it’s best they are top due to those eager to face plant them and step on their necks. China and Russia are no friends to the world. Wake up, people. Pick up a history book if you’re under the age of 30. China and Russia represented the world’s evil for all of the 20th century. Had Soviet Union emerged from WW2 the super power this planet would be really really bad with Mao and crazy Soviet dictators literally ruling the planet. Without America, both would have risen to dominate East and West. They still would love to and their desire is $$$$ and massive militaries. It really is better that America has more $$$$ and power than ChiRussia. China would invade Taiwan, Japan, South Korea in a day if not for American military. They would crush the people of those nations just like they do to Tibetans and any others who try to rise up for human rights within China. China just hacked 103 countries in what can only be described as quite aggressive. Russia threatens Europe routinely via natural gas/oil shut offs. The old Soviet Union lurks…it wouldn’t take much to bring it back only now they’d just have capitalism as their funding raising. America’s defeat of Soviet Union will turn out to be the greatest event in 500 years since it has allowed Europe to flourish without any need for their own large defense budget. People may be getting sick of America because of recent arrogance/ignorance in America but you have to ask yourself, “overall, what country has done more for human rights and democracy while sharing a great deal of their knowledge and wealth?”. Look at the overall track record. “Bush America” was a moment…a very bad moment…but it’s not its future. Just try and name any nation in history like it. And don’t let your recent anger towards America cause you to lose track of reality. China is a horrendous human rights violator who eagerly does business with equally harsh human rights violators around the world. They are brutal to their own or ethnic groups that don’t tow the communist line. Don’t let the Olympic ceremonies and skyscrapers fool you. Chinese leaders were young men learning from the harsh old communist and they have not exactly shown themselves eager to embrace any real progress with regards to freedom and civl rights. Russia should not be looked upon as any sort of savior in any way. Get a grip on reality. America’s track record is pretty impressive taken over a 200 year period while China and Russia quite honestly would be nothing without America. It was America that defeated Soviet Union opening up Russia back to Russians while America first brought Mao’s China into the modern world. Bush/Iraq/Wall Street-corruption will go down as a dark time in America. It’s not representative of its past nor will it be its future. Do you really want China/Russia combining to kick out America in the future just because you’re angry about Bush America now? It’s really absurd to hear so many people wishing America’s demise. The world’s displeasure with recent America is very healthy. It’s important for the world to help put America in its place. But to wish for this world (reality) to be thrown up for grabs with ChiRussia possibly leading is just pure insanity. You (or your children) would be sorry if you lived in a world where ChiRussia rose up and replaced America and Allies. Anyone who thinks some sort of utopia will pop up if some fantasy world currency put America down the ladder should really contemplate the reality of ChiRussia replacing America. Think like adults who have seen a lot in life, not like children with great dreams but a bit of a pie-in-the-sky expectations from life.

Posted by Keith | Report as abusive

A new world currency means the total collapse of USA.
when one hear ”goverment spending or inflation”,it should come to mind ”goverment printing illegal money”. by printing illegal money (dollars),Our dear USA goverment creates inflation. when the govermnent print money, the market(the one that sell the basic goods,commodities,product to the people) knows that it’s going to be more money around, so they rise the price of the goods. so if one was to buy something, more money is needed. damn with us, the workers. we have to work more to make up for the extra cost. Saving in assets, gold, silver is the protection against this heartless printing.

Posted by saul | Report as abusive

As long as, the (real) – direct responsibility [executives and wealth owners] are still in charge, don’t expect any change .. why? because if they had seen it coming and closed their eyes, then they’re not to be trusted; else, not good enough for the job as proven. Therefore, the $ is going bye bye .. only a matter of time.

Posted by Ahmad | Report as abusive

Screw china! They have been undermining the US economy for years, as well as a lot of other countries. I think it is time to get out of the united nations and fend for ourselves. We need to concentrate on getting our own country back on its feed and quit trying to be the worlds keeper.

Posted by P R | Report as abusive

Although I’ve been a big Obama supporter since the Iowa caucuses, in this case I respectfully disagree. We are no longer the Great Superpower of 1945 and will simply have to face the reality that we are no longer strong enough to play that role. Nor has the system of free market capitalism we’ve been pushing these last 30 years proven to be that successful, not even for our own people at home, much less the poor in the Global South.

One of the major reforms in our generation will be how to reform international institutions to be more just to the Global South countries. It has to be done, and we might as well accept the idea that the US is no longer in a position to say “Jump!” and expect the rest of the world to say “How high, sir?”.

Those days are over. In reality, they’ve been over since the 1970s, but our ideas have not yet caught up with teh reality of teh situation we’re facing today.

Posted by Michael C. McHugh | Report as abusive

It is foolishness to believe the US dollar is the only choice. If investors, ultimately, believe that a currency has no value then ANYTHING is a better place to store one’s savings than the fiat paper money.

Posted by Wallace Hall | Report as abusive

Screw China!……. It must be a lesson to US. Since years US is importing lot of things from China, even they have a potentiality in producing them and rising and building their own market and business. Now see what happens China is getting lot of business and US$ from US and offcourse from rest of the world since decades. So obviosly they have lot of reserves of US$ as well as others. Recently they have build lot of Gold reserves also by seeing global melt downs. So, now they want take a global ride by pushing US$ back.
I would say thas is all US fault. Lot of US Industries have moved their manufacturing and other plants to CHINA and few to other countries to get a low cost benefits. Now because of that we see a rose in unemployment in USA. Instead of moving plants and producing in outside USA and importing them in US, they should have try to improving the technology and cost saving methods in USA itself and competing CHINA products will have a great growth and potentiality to USA. It has happen since years. So, China is producing goods with US Technology and investments in their place and labling it. So, indirectly US companies are buying things from China. Because of this the percentage of Imports to US and exports to China have increased a lot. Obviously US$ lost it value and CHINA gains it.

Posted by Harsun | Report as abusive

It is high time to be fair to every countries. Many countries are being dragged down by this crisis. Too much a price to be paid for mistakes not created by them. Is matter of time only :)

Posted by GC LU | Report as abusive

IT be good for Country to have a baskets of currencies then holding the Dollar.

1. baskets of currency in a country is stronger then pagging to the dollar import n export is value in that country .

2. country currency will not drop too much.

3. more solid way is to add gold and silver to country of baskets .

Posted by colvis | Report as abusive

there is good reason why other currencies need to be promoted. If a middle east country is forced to trade oil for dollars and then convert them to euros to buy an airbus it just doesn’t make sense. It’s as if you were planning a trip to italy and first convert your dollars to pounds and then exchange them for euros when you arrive in italy. Holding a basket of currencies minimizes the currency exchange losses when they freely decide which country to trade with.

Posted by kj | Report as abusive

The US dollar, on whose convertibility into gold at US$ 32 an ounce America had, under the fixed-exchange-rate arrangement agreed at Bretton Woods in 1947, engaged its honour and the world had put its trust, is NO LONGER THE WORLD’S PROBLEM. It became the world’s problem when the US pledge of convertibility was despicably revoked in a unilateral fashion in 1971 by then-Treasury Secretary Connolly’s, who infamously remarked that “The US dollar is our currency but your problem”.

Now, it is no longer the world’s PROBLEM. The US dollar has become the SWORD WITH WHICH THE WORLD HAS COMMITTED HARA KIRI.

Posted by Mohamed MALLECK | Report as abusive

Most reassuring to learn from James Saft theat the USD will remain the world’s reserve currency. The timing of this could not have been better. A new breed of leaders have been elected into the White House and it’s a fact the Democrats have a sterling reputation in turning the economy around. This is the first step in a journey of a thousand miles. The light at the end of the tunnel is becoming visible.

Posted by Thaddeus Loo | Report as abusive

Well situation of Dollar is scary. With the kind of debt US is drowning i dont know when the loss of confidence will take place. And when it will happen it will be similar to that what has happened to the current asset price. Even sadder fact remains that Indian Government is increasing US treasuries etc. In end only poor countries will get punished severly. Hope Indian government wakes up and stops bullying the RBI.

Posted by Mayank | Report as abusive

It is interesting that you avoid mentioning that the SDR idea is a Russian proposal, from at least a year ago, and that it may gain more currency (pardon the pun) than you give it credit.
The remaining question is whether the USA needs the World more than the World needs the the USA, given it’s new inferior status as an economy of indisputable hegemony.
Russian/Chinese economies may be smaller than that of the USA but they are more self reliant and so more secure.
I like Russians – I go there – and I like it.

Posted by Staf | Report as abusive

As i read the comment written by KEITH, i just wonder if really we can openly and proudly say that the US has given much to the world. As far as i am concerned after severe investigation, the conclusion is that the aid given to the world by the US, is only one fifth of the raw material its bought UNDERPRICED by the US industry. So is this really giving Keith?

Remember, we got industrialization from Britain, Money system from the Italians (florentins if you prefer) etc etc…And also remember if it wasn’t for the Soviet Union (besides all the horrible things they did, like the US did/does) put a stop to the american imperialism for 50 years, which somehow was good, otherwise this crisis would have happened long ago already…

So let’s reconsider when we say what US gave to the world.

Posted by Jan | Report as abusive

A world currency is a terrible idea. I would like nothing less than to see all the world using the same currency controlled by a singular group. Yeah, sound like a brillent plan to me – NOT!

And, as if this single currency will solve any of the world economic issues. It certainly will not solve poverty issues, in fact it will most likely increase poverty once you have all the economies of the world over to a singular currency and whomever controls it.

Consolidation of power is always a bad idea. Whomever advocates for this is mis-informed and does not understand the consequences. The idea of a free world would be to decentralize power not consolidate it. This idea of consolidating currency is basically giving control of the entire planet to a select few. How on earth does that do anything to bring power to the people? If anything it will completely remove any power from the people.

Posted by Ivan Thomson | Report as abusive

US saving own financial system also saves World Financial System as long as ~ 70% of contracts are priced in USD. The reason – USD is the most liquid currency and US gov goes extra mile to keep it this way.
US gov it honors ALL contracts domestic/foreign when it bails out Banks/Financial_companies.

We have example of mini ‘World Currency’ – EUR.

In EUR zone only Germany has efficient economy and room to lend more money. But given the burden of the rest of EU Germany repeatedly refused it. EU end up providing ‘good laws’ rather than cash when business heeds money. All lending is done on national level because nobody wants to help poor neighbors.

US will have no intensive to support ‘World Currency’ as Germany has no intensive to support EUR.

China/Russia/Kazakhstan call for ‘World Currency’. Does any of these countries have free floating Currency? Opppssss…
They all playing political games.

China needs ‘World Currency’ to escape direct pressure from US on artificial low rate yuan/USD.
Everybody want say on World Finance but nobody want to commit money. US is the only nation that commits trillions $ to US/World finance (so far they are the same). lets US decide what to do with these trillions. I don’t need China/Russia opinion until they more put money in. They can start with floating own currencies.

Posted by SKV | Report as abusive

The WHOLE WORLD EXPORTS, the very best of their products to America; in exchange for PAPER..

America exports nothing much other than weapons.

Posted by J Fernandes | Report as abusive

To Mr. J Fernandes;
Your hate to US affects your ability to grasp facts.

-> “…The WHOLE WORLD EXPORTS, the very best of their products to America;

While chasing cheap goods US brought in bunch of junk that killed US jobs. Thank must be stopped.

-> “… in exchange for PAPER…”
If you don’t need this PAPER (We call it US Dollar) please send me excess. I still can use it :).

“America exports nothing much other than weapons.”
In reality US exports:
1. Intellectual property – US registers more patents than any other country;
2. Medical equipment & drugs;
3. Heavy Machinery like Caterpillar earth movers etc;
4. Trucks
5. Aircrafts (passenger/cargo/military)
6. Helicopters (passenger/cargo/military)
7. Entertainment (Movies/Songs etc)
8. Software (Google/Micro$oft/Oracle etc)
9. Weapons (it looks like you familiar with this part)

You are right here. This list must be longer. Much longer.

Posted by SKV | Report as abusive

40% of GDP goes to military so what do you expect?
Our country exports war machineries, and as shameful as it is that is all that we have left.
all the so called patents and software rides on the government funded programs that are directly
tied to the military machinery.

It is sad but it is true and only American people can change that and until then …

Posted by bruce m | Report as abusive

Hi Bruce,
Your emotions goes well ahead of public facts. What do you read?

US military budget 4% of GDP not 40%. Military Export “40% of GDP goes to military so what do you expect?”

I have a good news for you US military budget just 4% of GDP. Check Wikipedia.

=> “patents and software rides on the government funded programs that are directly tied to the military machinery.”

Over all only small fraction of patents comes from military related research. But it is the most imressive fraction :).

Lion share still comes from private funded research. Again check numbers.

Nothing wrong that Gov spend money on military and fundamental research. It must spend many times more!

You should stop using very much every technology piece like Internet/Microwave/Computers etc. They all came from military research of 1940-60.
Internet – nuclear site communication (1960’s).
Microwave – radio radar transmitter head (1944)
Computers – long range artillery targeting 1940’s
etc etc etc.

Do you condemn research that helped US bring down Nazi & Cold War?

=> “Our country exports war machineries, and as shameful as it is that is all that we have left.”

US military (weapon & services) is just $10,700,000,000.00 (10.5 BIL) out of $1,650,000,000,000.00 (1,650.0 BIL).
Ooopps less than 1%.

I don’t see why military is so bad. Check history of own country. BTW I am not from US.

You should be proud of US military: WWII/WWI Desert Storm/ Korea etc.

Posted by SKV | Report as abusive

Obama may talk strong, but ultimately, if he doesn’t offer the Chinese at least the courtesy of listening to their concerns and proposals, why should they lend him the 2T$ he needs to raise on Treasuries? He can tell them to get stuffed, because they already have high exposure to the dollar, but that only works if you don’t need to borrow ANOTHER 2T$… It is high time America had to consider the real cost of borrowing, when it is denominated in something that they can’t print.

If I were the Chinese, I’d ask the Treasury to denominate T bills in Euros if they want China to buy them to fund America’s excessive debt.

Posted by Robert | Report as abusive

someone said that the US spends only 4% on the military… that is patently false.

US military/defense spending was 21% of the federal budget (as of 2008), but that number is likely higher now, because of the ongoing wars.

notably, the US government spends about the same amount, around 20% each, on social security and health care.

that budgetary pie is gonna have to get a lot bigger (which we now know is not ecologically sustainable) OR the portions become much smaller, if we are to continue to advance and maintain a decent standard of living.

i know this… those military dollars, in the hundreds of billions, would sure come in handy at HOME right now… in this time of recession.

Posted by francis gerard | Report as abusive

The IMF in advocating continuing adherence to the US Dollar, as the de facto monetary standard, is essentially saying that this to will pass and it will be return to business as usual, perhaps with new rules and regulations.

A reality check shows that the US is not what it once was. It may be have been the world’s biggest economy but now its built on a foundation of sand. For example, (1) the extent to which real estate and the financial sector contributed to its GDP; (2) its knowledge economy (whatever that is) is not built on/a generator of jobs … Bill Gates once told India’s entrepreneurs that jobs are to be found in manufacturing, i.e. creating the goods that people need (3) US government’s debt (federal, state and municipal) and the deficit in the current account are long past being sustainable.

The Chinese and others are right, its time for a new monetary standard; one with an appropriate regulatory framework around it, one that would, for example, eliminate arbitrary valuation of local currency by states; provide for multilateral control; and not afford bias to any particular state. The US, Canada and others others have been arguing that the Chinese are undervaluing their currency for market purposes but perhaps they are simply factoring in parity with the underlying value of the US dollar.

It is a house of cards that has to tumble.

Posted by Jim Quinn | Report as abusive

I said military budget is 4% of GDP. Don’t mistaken GDP for Federal Budget.
4% of GDP == 21% of Federal Budget.

Actually military spending is good for economy. These money goes to weak US manufacturing rather than to China.

Japan promise $100BIL to IMF, EU another $100BIL. I just wondering about remaining $800BIL. May be Russia or Kazakhstan?

Zimbabwe can lend $100,000,000,000,000,000,000,000,000.00+ with easy but in Zimbabwe dollars.

I glad to see World Currency thats nothing to do with USD.
But reality is:
World Currency will be backed by USD at least on 50%-60%. Essentially World Currency and USD will be hardwired. In this case I don’t want China or EU making decisions that affect US economy.

Lets make 19 of 20G put in $40BIL-$50BIL and US puts the rest. In this case it is going to be real ‘World Currency’.

Posted by SKV | Report as abusive

The problem is not the USD per se but
a) it’s a single national currency (as de Gaulle said – it has a home) that has and will be managed for the benefit of the issuer and the determent of the issuers’ creditors and
b) that self-interest will result in an increasingly unstable global economy and
c) the Bretton Woods agreement, which by default gave the USD it’s privileged position, no longer applies – in any sense.

The problem with the IMF and it’s SDR is that it is a thinly-veiled surrogate for the USD and will, in its current form, suffer from the same problems as the USD. The new world realitiy is that more than 60% of the world’s population and ? of it’s remaining cash is not to be found in either the USA or the IMF.
As the IMF will have to, increasingly, turn to non-members for funding; these countries (China, Russia, Brazil and India) will, justifiably, want a say in how these funds are to be allocated. Will the Washington Consensus relinquish its power? I don’t think so. So an entirely new body with an entirely new international “currency” will eventually be called for.
A real NEW World Order will have to include, in positions of power, the following economies: China, EU, USA, Russia, Brazil and, if they can ever agree, some Gulf common market structure. A “currency” based on a basket of these economies would provide for a more balanced and less vexatious global economy.
The days of the US dictating how the global economy will be shaped ended in September, 2008 and, just like the British and French found out in the 19th and 18th centuries; those days will not come back. History moves on.
I just hope that a new currency can be found fast because the most recent display of deliberate mis-management of the world’s reserve currency by the US (which has a pathetic record of economic mis-management going back to 1973); fills me with dread. Why? Just ask yourself how will commodities such as oil and food be priced when the US finally manages to provoke a hyper-inflation event in the USD? The rise in both last year (oil @ USD149, all food up +50%) was just a foretaste of the possibilities.

Posted by dhome | Report as abusive