Iran: More than Persia

By Brenda Shaffer
December 16, 2013

When Iranian President Hassan Rouhani was campaigning, he promised the country’s many ethnic minorities to expand the use of their languages. Rouhani recently signaled his intent to keep that promise, by appointing Iran’s first presidential aid for ethnic and religious minority affairs, acknowledging the country’s minority challenges.

In the multi-ethnic state that is Iran, the political meaning of the population’s diversity will have serious consequences as political normalization with the West continues. Both the United States and the European Union should understand the significance of Iran’s multi-ethnic makeup and prepare policies that can address it.

Washington and Brussels should view this process as similar to when Mikhail Gorbachev began opening the Soviet Union to the West, it quickly became apparent that the Soviet Union was –not only composed of Russians. Later, it became clear that what the West had considered to be “Yugoslavians” or “Czechoslovakians” were, in fact, many different ethnic groups.  Few of these peoples shared a civic-state identity.

In the same way, while Iran is commonly referred to as Persia, Persians account for roughly half the population. The remaining half is comprised of ethnic minorities; mainly Azerbaijanis, Kurds, Turkmen, Arabs and Baluch.

The Azerbaijanis are the largest minority, accounting for a third of the population. Iran’s supreme leader Ali Khamenei is an ethnic Azerbaijani, as is one of the main opposition leaders, Mir-Hossein Mousavi.

Ethnic minorities pose a particular security problem for Iran. They primarily live in the border regions and many share ties with members of their ethnic communities in neighboring states, including Azerbaijan, Turkey, Iraq and Pakistan. Iran’s domestic makeup affects its foreign relations with most of its neighbors.

Iran’s Constitution grants ethnic minorities the right to use their ethnic languages in media and other publications, as well as for education. In reality, however, Iran has not allowed ethnic minorities to run schools or give testimony in courts in their native languages. Non-Persian media and publications have been limited.

The multi-ethnic composition of Iran could affect regime stability. In a potential regime crisis, the ethnic factor could play a role in toppling the government — as it did in the collapse of the Shah regime and the ascent to power of the Islamic Republic in 1979.

Yet, in contrast to the role that ethnic populations played in bringing about the collapse of the Soviet Union and the breakup of Yugoslavia, Iran’s multi-ethnic demographics may undermine the reform movement. Many pro-democracy Persian activists in Iran fear full democratization because it could lead to the end of Persian dominance.

Iran’s ethnic minorities demonstrate varying degrees of identification with the regime. Most seek expansion of their cultural rights within Iran. In this, they are seeking to change the nation’s policies, not its borders.

However, some groups, including Kurds and Baluch, are now waging a violent struggle against Tehran. The Western media does not often focus on these ethnic struggles. When they do it is usually framed in religious terms, referring to Sunni minorities and ignoring the ethnic basis of the conflict.

Regular skirmishes now take place between government forces and residents of Iran’s Kurdish provinces. Hundreds of Iranian Kurds have been arrested in the last year and many are still in detention.

Another focus of violent confrontation is between Tehran and the Baluch-populated regions that border Pakistan and Afghanistan. Senior Iranian security and other government personnel have been assassinated in this region; most recently a public prosecutor.

Responding to these ethnic upheavals, Tehran has long blamed outsiders. Rouhani has done this as well, attempting to delegitimize the demands for language and cultural rights by depicting these ethnic minorities as tools of foreign governments, primarily Britain, the United States or Israel.

Most foreign governments, however, including the United States, have not formulated specific policies toward the ethnic minorities. They rarely even factor them in when assessing regime stability, and are cautious in their contacts with representatives of the ethnic minorities who seek outside support.

In fact, even U.S. government-supported media outlets like Voice of America and Radio Liberty rarely report on the discrimination against Iran’s ethnic minorities or the violent confrontations taking place with the central government.

Though actively meddling in Iran’s ethnic politics does not seem prudent, the Washington and European governments should include Tehran’s discrimination toward its ethnic minorities when reporting on the state of human rights there. U.S. government analytical units and officials dealing with Iran should consider the response of ethnic minorities when assessing regime stability in Iran.

Moreover, Radio Liberty and other U.S. government-supported media outlets should give a voice to these ethnic minorities.

The rising ethnic activity in Iran will likely lead to increased demands for policy responses from the United States and Europe. These governments should be prepared. It is best not to wait until people are marching in public squares to understand their aspirations.

 

PHOTO: An Iranian Sunni Kurd woman sits at the Jame Mosque in the city of Sanandaj in Kordistan province, 763 km (477 miles) northwest of Tehran, May 10, 2011. REUTERS/Morteza Nikoubazl

20 comments

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It’s amazing that so many of Iran’s leaders are actually ethnically Azerbaijani, considering that Azerbaijan itself is very pro-western and in constant conflict with Iran.

It raises the question of whether policy assessments dealing with rival states should focus on the ruling elite and consider it as “the nation”, or whether it should pay attention to the different ethnicities and sub-cultures in the country even when they have no power. I doubt that in pre-spring Syria anyone gave attention to the fact that Assad and his ruling elite were Alawit, a sect that is pretty much considered to be infidels by the rest of the Muslim world, including the Sunni majority in Syria. They definitely pay attention to it now…

Posted by E-Ret | Report as abusive

Our modern era of politics, international relations, and even the cold war starts with South Azerbaijan.
One of the first issues discussed in the League of Nations (LN), and then UN was the issue of South Azerbaijan. Even though Iranian Islamist Terrorist regime wouldn’t acknowledge overtly,at the heart of the world’s politics, South Azerbaijan is still able to effect and or change the region’s and world’s statues quo. South Azerbaijan is able and intends to change the artificial borders of so called Iran, creating an independent, modern, and democratic nation state.
South Azerbaijani Turks ruled their own and neighbouring nations for thousands of years. Their just governance over Persians, Armenians, Georgians, Arabs, Indians, Kurds and other peoples of the region is embedded and told in the literature and culture of the region. As long as history can remember, under South Azerbaijani Turks all people were equal and treated as such. Their religion, culture, language, traditions, and integrity were respected and in most cases promoted. There is no single case of forcible assimilation to any language or religion in the region ruled by South Azerbaijani Turks. Christians, Jews, and Muslims, lived side by side under Gaznavids, Saljuks, Safavids, Afshars, Qajars, and many other Turkish empires, regional, or local governments for thousands of years. Under South Azerbaijani rules no language banned. All languages were protected and promoted. This was the norm for millenniums in the region up until 1920s.
Colonial powers of the time preferred to eliminate Turkish rules over the area now called Iran, bringing to power some illiterate Persian mad man called Reza Pahlavi.
SAIPThis brought to en end the great Turkish Qajar empire. Unfortunately after the collapse of Qajar empire in 1923 and instalment of Reza Pahlavi by foreign powers to the crown, the situation changed drastically. A very tolerant Qajar system gave way to a despotic, narrow minded, racist regime with the fever of Aryan melancholy. Reza Pahlavi who was uneducated and illiterate himself, hired many intellectuals to fabricate “a one language, one religion” country of so called Iran. Reza Pahlavi and his son Mohammad Reza Pahlavi were successful in creating such a country with the blessing of major world powers, billions of dollars of revenues from oil, and of course with the fear created by major massacres of thousands of South Azerbaijani Turks in the course of 57 years of Pahlavi rule. Under Reza Pahlavi’s Iran, everybody was considered of a pure Aryan race and anybody claimed otherwise would be branded as remnants of previous invaders to the glorious land of Cyrus The Great! Many paid foreign and domestic orientalists, many paid learned university professors, and so called intellectuals were in accord with the Persification of Iran. Every so called branded Iranian was considered direct descendent of great and glorious kings of supposedly pre-Islamic times. Of course oil dollars would buy or suppress any conscious person in the world. But when Reza Pahlavi went too far, and his regime was aligning with Aryan Nazis of Germany, he was deposed and exiled by the same powers who brought him to power and died in misery in Durban, South Africa.
We remember him for his ignorance, his despotism, his anti-Azerbaijanism and his anti-Turkism. Long gone was the devil, and South Azerbaijani Turks were using the opportunity to group under “Azerbaijani Democratic Party” to regain their self determination. 1945 witnessed South Azerbaijanis creating their own state again, an state with full human rights record, and full compatibility with the world’s democratic and modern countries of even present time. Women were free to vote and be voted. Education in the mother tongue of South Azerbaijani Turkish were free to everyone. Attempts were made to construct roads, bridges and buildings after over twenty years of Pahlavi destruction of South Azerbaijan. After one year of construction and rejuvenation of South Azerbaijan, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi who was installed in Tehran as a king of the kings, decided to invade South Azerbaijan. The Iranian regime with the green light from Soviet’s Stalin and blessings of the world’s power invaded South Azerbaijan. Based on independent eye witnesses thousands and thousands of innocent people were massacred. Farm lands were burned, people’s houses were plundered, women were raped, and men were killed. Persian army knew no limit in barbarism committed in South Azerbaijan. In 1946, the world watched the Persian army rape South Azerbaijan.
Remembering Short-lived Government of South Azerbaijan, 1945-1946,Persian army had free hand in creating the state of horror in cities and villages of our motherland. For over 10 years Shah’s army and secret services prosecuted South Azerbaijani Turks at will. Kidnappings, exiling, tortures, and killings were common tools of oppression Persian regime applied on our people. Estimated 35,000 people were killed in first few weeks of the occupation. Following days, months and years were worse. Thousand of children, women and elderly died on the way to exile to southern deserts of Iran. Only after his majesty were satisfied with the complete suppression of South Azerbaijani movement, he issued a declaration of public amnesty. The state of fear and oppression continued until 1979 revolution which ousted Pahlavi regime and replaced it with a theocratic terrorist regime of mollas. The so called revolution of 1979 were aborted by abrupt coming to power of mollas.
Only the administration changed, leaving the system intact. All projects of assimilation, depopulation, de-Turkisation, and destruction of South Azerbaijan were followed by Islamic regime. Oppressions were increased, population doubled, and poverty is hundred time worse than before. South Azerbaijan was further disassembled, and name of Azerbaijan was taken from many areas with the pretext of creating new provinces. Names of cities, rivers, roads, mountains, and people were changed by force to some meaningless Persian names. Iranian terrorist regime’s pursue of nuclear arsenal only will be used as a deterrence for world community not to question the atrocities committed by them inside the prison called Iran. Islamic regimes extended fist of terror, and barbaric shout of “ death to America, death to Israel, death to England” should not be seen as the attitude of so called “Iranians”.
There is no such a thing as “Iranians”. There are South Azerbaijani Turks, and millions of other non-Persians, and then their is a Persian-Shia terrorist government of Iran. Iran’s terrorism has extended it’s hand to neighbouring countries and all over the world. In the last 33 years Iranian terrorists had kidnapped and killed hundreds of people around the world. Many opposition figures were assassinated by Iran’s terrorists all around the world. South Azerbaijani members also were among the terror targets recently. Iran is a prison of peoples. Non-Persians are running the game, and others are forced to be Persianized. Backed by army of terror, torture, killing, exiling, and many other ways of intimidation, and humiliation, backed by oil dollars, and world power’s blessings, the uniformation and Persification of the country called Iran, is being realized in the last 80 years. Iranian opposition can afford to talk about human rights in Iran. US can afford to talk about nuclear issues with Iran. But, for us, the South Azerbaijani Turks, the issue is our very being as a nation with our own identity.
Our issue is, our undeniable right to govern ourselves. Our problem is not in Iran. Our problem is with Iran, which is occupying our land, South Azerbaijan, and destroying our people, Turks. Yes, we can and we should talk about human rights in every case and everywhere, but the sensitive issue here is our people’s right, the national rights. This is the issue that is of importance and preference for us. National independence, and national identity for South Azerbaijani Turk, is the vital issue here.

To discuss human rights in Iran, is to ignore genocide of South Azerbaijani Turks in every aspect of human and national life. The lessons of short-lived government of South Azerbaijan under prime minister Pishevari, is too great to ignore. Now, we realize that, our problem is Iran, not in Iran. The most elementary, urgent and vital necessity for us, is Independence of South Azerbaijan, which is the basic tenet of South Azerbaijani Independence Party (SAIP).
We ask the world community to distinguish the facts of political and ethnological diversity in so called Iran. Let it be known that South Azerbaijani Turks don’t share any of this terrorist regimes political views. Let the world know that we have only one enemy and that is “Islamic Republic of Iran”. Our enemy don’t reside very far from us. They are our motherland’s invaders. Persian racism, Persian despotism is our enemy. We will live and fight forever to defeat Persian racism, and end Iranian occupation of South Azerbaijan.
Now, after over 80 years of losing her sovereignty, South Azerbaijan is still under foreign occupation. South Azerbaijani Turk is deprived of his/her basic human and national rights such as education in own language, work, and live in own land with own culture. South Azerbaijan needs attention of all freedom loving people in the world. South Azerbaijani Turks need all democratic non-governmental organizations and governments to hear our cry of independence, freedom and democracy. In every country in the world, we extend our hand for help to get recognized as a people under occupation of Iran, and to expose the situation of South Azerbaijan under Iranian despotism.
Long Live South Azerbaijan,
Oguz Turk

Posted by oguzturk | Report as abusive

“Iran’s multi-ethnic demographics may undermine the reform movement. Many pro-democracy Persian activists in Iran fear full democratization because it could lead to the end of Persian dominance.”

Eh, so it’s similar to how whites in South Africa rejected democracy for so long because they feared it would lead to an end to white dominance? Also, how can someone be in favor of democracy but not in favor of “full democracy”? If a “democracy” is not full democracy, then is it democracy to begin with?

Posted by delta5297 | Report as abusive

@delta5297
I don’t see how the apartheid era in South-Africa has anything to do with this. Iranian minorities have the same rights and adhere to the same laws as Persians. I am no fan of Iran, but not everything is “apartheid”. Some countries have large minorities in them (and some of them are sometimes potential security threats) and the country has to deal with that somehow. Democracy seems to be the best way, but democracy is just a form of governance. If there is a democracy without a liberal and plural base of values and ethics behind it than democracy just leads to the tyranny of the majority. Surprisingly, I think the Iranian people actually do have a pluralistic base (unlike other countries in the area that experienced a “spring” which quickly turned into a “winter”). I think Iran actually has a potential of becoming a real democracy one day.

Posted by E-Ret | Report as abusive

OK here is my beef with this article not a single mention of Zorastrians and their importance to “Persia”, the original peaceful inhabitant of this country. Currently a miniscule minority living in Iran, India and Pakistan, a recorded population of approx. 100,000 that’s it.
Iranians of recent have been taking pride in their heritage and openly saying how proud they are of being of Zorastrian heritage. This due to fact that the younger generation cannot associate themselves with this dreaded theocracy.

Posted by politicaljunkie | Report as abusive

The writer is the author of “energy politics”. That says it all. The Supreme leader is Azerbaijani(or Azeri), a minority group, the author says but she still went on to say minorities are discriminated against. Wasn’t the actual Azerbaijan part of today’s Iran? Azerbijan is Persian. Period.

This article is related to a small country of about 7 million people in that region working hard(through various authors of “energy politics”) to break up countries in that region into pieces to bring them down to its size of about 8000 square miles.

Posted by Fromkin | Report as abusive

The author of this article is either completely ignorant about history of make of Iran (by comparing it to the Soviet Union) or is purposefully promoting the so called “big middle-east project” conceptualized by the neo-crazies (mainly focused on breaking-up Iran along its ethnic lines). It is a shameless effort of “divide and concur.” But the underlying reasoning is as stupid as it can be. Iran is not a Soviet Union – which was basically made up of the nations concurred by Russia’s expansionist policies of the last couple of centuries. Azaris (I am one of them) and Azarbaijan have always been one of the core ingredients of Iran’s history and culture. Almost all the Iranian dynasties – since advent of Islam – have been of Turkish (or Azari) origin. There can be no comparison between Iran and Yugoslavia or Soviet Union. We Azaries (with the exception of a small minority who might think otherwise) ARE Iranian. Period!
Yes! We do have our problems. But they are our; not yours. So my dear pan-turkists and neo-crazies: stop dreaming.

Posted by BijanB | Report as abusive

The United States, England and Canada are multi-ethnic societies. should any other nation dealing with USA consider the ethnic makeup of our society.

Posted by MichaelSedezh | Report as abusive

I am so fed up with such articles and double standards of Western reporters (look up independent journalism in the dictionary).
In Turkey (NATO country) Kurds (14 million of them) have no schools and are prosecuted for usage of Kurdish, etc. It is a clear apartheid system. Have you ever listened about it ?

Posted by Wantunbiasednew | Report as abusive

This is a great article. It is well-balanced and most of the criticism is unfounded. Ethnic and religious minorities make up about half of Iran’s population. Without democracy for them there cannot be a meaningful democracy in Iran and it will only be a partial democracy at best. It is good the new president has a special advisor on rights of ethnic groups. This raises issues of ethnic and religious minorities to a higher level of importance. However, so far there has been mostly talking and less action. For example education in mother tongue remains a major demand of all ethnic groups and the government has not done anything about it. Also execution of ethnic rights activists has continued.

Posted by Chapar | Report as abusive

The ethnic minorities participation in the government, in the distribution of power in Iran is very limited. The government, in its essence, is a domination of the Persian minority over multi-ethnic Iran. Although the government officials claim that it does not discriminate against other ethnicities in the government, the evidence shows otherwise. There is an unwritten law preventing none-Persian ethnic figures such as Azeri Turks, Ahvazi Arabs, Kurds, Baloch and others from running for the president, holding the other top two government positions – speaker of the Parliament and the Chief Justice. All these position holders must be an ethnic Persian. During the past 34 years all top leadership of the country, including two Supreme Leaders and six Presidents of Iran, have been ethnic Persians. It comes as a no surprise that eight current presidential nominees are also Persian.
In addition, there are appointed Persian nationals mostly from Tehran and Isfahan as heads of local administrative offices to the regions with dominant non-Persian population to ensure the direct control of the Persian-led Iranian government over those regions. Ironically, Persian opposition inside and in exile alike, support this racist policy of the current Iranian regime due to their own nationalist agenda.
Both Persian factions in Tehran are trying to silence the ethnic minorities. And then, there are invented political misconceptions, like the one which claims the Iran’s Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei is an ethnic Azeri. The fact-check about Ali Khamenei’s ethnic background, clearly described in Khamenei’s own auto-biography, shows otherwise. Based on his family tree, Ali Khamenei’s ancestors trace back to Shia Imam Ali in Najaf city. His great grandfather Seyyed Mohammad from Tafresh City in central Iran moved to the South Azerbaijani village of Khamene and settled there for a few years as an Islamic missionary or “Mobalegh-Saadat’. It was during that period which Seyyed Hossein (the grand father of Ali Khamenei) was born in Khamene Village and raised in Najaf city. They called him Khamenei, which meant that he was from Khamene. Ali Khmenei’s father Syyed Javad was born in Najaf city but raised in Persian city of Mashhad. His mother was also a Persian from Mashhad. His real name is Seyyed Ali Hosseini (Khamenei) born and raised in Persian family in Mashhad and married to Persian wife. He is an ethnic Persian, fluent in Arabic and he also speaks Azeri Turkish.
Ali Khamenei himself has never claimed to be an Azeri Turk. The reason for repeating this propaganda line by the regime’s media and the Persian opposition is to cover up the regime’s racist policy of exclusion of the ethnic minorities from the government. Khamenei also happens to serve as a perfect scapegoat for Iran’s ultra-nationalist Persian groups to place the blame for the backwardness of the regime on an alleged non-Persian.
Of course, certain individuals can always find their way into the ruling elite and some Azeris have done so. Most of them are completely assimilated and recognize themselves as ethnic Persians.
Similar to the Saddam era Iraq and current minority regime in Syria, the ethnic Persian minority in Iran are holding power and marginalizing itself due to the policies aimed at ignoring other ethnicities living in Iran, including the Azeri Turks of over 40%, Kurds 7%, Arabs 6%, Lurs 5%, Baloch 3%, Gilak-Mazandarani 4%, Turkmen 3%, Qashqai 2% and others in favor of the 30% of Iran’s populations – ethnic Persians.

Posted by AAlex | Report as abusive

Since the invasion of the western Baluchistan in 1928 political movements have always existed and resisted the Persian occupation of the western Baluchistan. The Baluch National has resisted the Persian occupation and has demanded National self determination on the bases of universal principle of the right to national self determination and national hood. Nationalism has become vocal type of national identity.

The Persian elite came to define themselves as an Aryan against their Arab, Azari(Turk) , the Baluch and the others ethnic groups. The Persian elite sponsored state nationalism is dead. The state sponsored nationalism was killed by the Shiite revolutionary in pursue of universal Shiite glory. The Persian elite had made Iranian nationalism for themselves.

Iran survive only if the majority of Iranian population think of themselves as Iranian and votes by their foots. But the reality is different, the Iranian has been oppressed for nearly a century and the ethnic conflict in Iran is a time bomb waiting to burst and no one is sure of its consequences. The Arab, Baluch, Kurd and some Azari-Turk ceased to think of themselves as Iranian. Iran does not exist in their mind. They think of themselves as Baluch, Arab, Kurd, Azari and see the future within themselves an an independence Nation. The ethnic rivalries have already started between Persian and Azari the two dominant populous ethnic groups in Iran.

Posted by Sarjov | Report as abusive

the ethnic conflict in Iran is a time bomb waiting to burst and no one is sure of its consequences.

Posted by Sarjov | Report as abusive

Let’s hope that the US can restrain itself from stirring up trouble amongst minorities in Iran. Does the US always need to be so immoral, that it does anything to cause trouble to its competitors? Are there no moral limits for the US?

Iranian nuclear scientists are assassinated. Iranian police are murdered by dissatisfied groups. It is quite clear who is benefiting from, and who to be suspicious has caused these events. Let us take the high road, and not be ready to assassinate people throughout the world!

Posted by xcanada2 | Report as abusive

The biggest problem facing Iran ,aside from economical one, is the issue of ethnicity that can turn into a serious and deadly conflict.A country divided on ethnic and national lines is in need of a serious dialogue in order to solve these issues but it is the forces of Persian chauvinism that has prevented such dialogue so far.
Throughout last hundred years the Persians and the Persian authorities have developed a mentality where everything in the country had to be, with or without force, Persianized and this particular policy was directed against the Arabs and Turks in a more robust way than against others since in particular the Arabs and Turks not only are ethnically different but racialy( Arabs are Semitic) as well.
The best example of this new apartheid can be seen in the province of KHUZISTAN or Arabistan where the Arab minority living in one of the richest parts of the world are the poorest and the most oppressed of all. This is an area where national humiliation, cultural suppression and low living standards is very common and the lives of these people can easily be compared to lives of those in Sowetto during the apartheid era in former south Africa.
Lately the Persian regime has embarked on creating one of the most devastating assault on the Arab life by creating 4 high dams on sources of karoon river and thus creating a gigantic environmental catastrophe for Arab people who live along the banks of karoon. The waters are transferred to Persian living areas of Isfahan, Qom, Rafsanjan and Yazd, The width of the karoon river before this project was 2 miles and It now has shrunk to less than 300 feet in most areas and great part of that ancient river is now dried and turned into dust.
IMHO the Persian people and the Persian authorities need to refrain from accusing the ethnic minorities of separatism and instead embark on starting a dialogue where all people can be treated as equal citizens .
The Persians will be digging their own and Iran’s grave by continuing the current racist policies and it is in their and the country’s best interest to give up and dismantle the rabid ethnic fascism that has a had a grip on the country for the last 100 years.

Posted by jamalx | Report as abusive

The Azerbaijani Turks, Kurds, Arabs, Baluches, Turkmens, Lors issues are not popular subjects, in Iranian/Persian community.
Because since the establishment of Pahlavi dynasty [in 1925, after the fall of the Qajar dynasty] non-Persians have been treated as second-class citizens and there have always been a lack of political and individual rights for them. There is deep and wide racism against non-Persian ethnic groups. They are subjected to racism and discrimination by not only the Iranian government but also by the Persian society.
So it’s not surprising Persian media doesn’t cover the issue, and if they do they represent the government’s point of view.
In August 2010, the UN anti-racism panel called on Iran to counter racism and ethnic discrimination, including incitement to hatred by officials and “double discrimination suffered by women from minorities.
The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination expressed concern at the exclusion of Arab, Azeri, Balochi, Kurdish and Bahai communities in areas such as housing, education, health, jobs and “from public life”.

Posted by nimasardari | Report as abusive

Brenda Shaffer – Awesome – forward thinking, when are you running for office?

Posted by 2Borknot2B | Report as abusive

Posted by jamalx: “The Persian regime has embarked on creating one of the most devastating assault on the Arab life by creating 4 high dams on sources of karoon river and thus creating a gigantic environmental catastrophe for Arab people who live along the banks of karoon. The waters are transferred to Persian living areas of Isfahan, Qom, Rafsanjan and Yazd, The width of the karoon river before this project was 2 miles and It now has shrunk to less than 300 feet in most areas and great part of that ancient river is now dried and turned into dust.” The rectification will be astounding. New ocean to ocean water way perhaps?

Posted by 2Borknot2B | Report as abusive

peopleplease be aware of PAN IRANISM FASCISM which is initially founded by the PAHLAVI regime whom changed the name of the “QAJAR TURKIC KINGDOME” to IRAN for the sake of their propaganda supported by some concurrent European policies. all they try to do to destroy the historic back ground of the non persian ethnic groups (specially the Turks whom used to compose at least half of the area’s population but now are assimilated and reduced to around 25%) and assimilate them while buying a white!! history for Persians who were originally the reform ofancient Ilamits while Elamits themselves were a branch of Dravidians. Pan Iranism did not end by the fall ofPahlavi regime because it is supported by those who consider themselves as Persians. Iranian supreme leader is an example ofsuch person who has declared in many cases that |i am not a Turk” or “the whole world should learn Farsi”!!!!

many of their agents are active through the internet and even have left comments here.
one of their conspiracies against the local Turkic people is to use the fake term “Azeri” while it means nothing. like the name IRAN its but another innovation. the term “AZERBAIJAN” is the perso-arabic reformation of the original name HAZAR BAY GAN meaning the location of the Khazar lordship. the people of the NW Iran have always been calling themselves as Turks and feel insulted through being called as anything else.

while the Khazars themselves were a sub clan of the SAKA or TUR proto Ural-Altaic nation yet the Pahlavi regime tried to put the Scythians as in the IRANIC!! category through bribing some academic staff while there had never been any specific ethnic or linguistic group called IRAN or like this. PAHLAVI (their real family name was PALAN CHI means panel sales man in Turkic) even did not know the real meaning of this term IRAN and choose it only because it is spelled similar to Aryan! (Iran means art worker in Turkic and Aryan means separator and judge and neither of these words dont have any meaning in Persian).

another goal of the Pahlavis was to fabricate a Persian speaking white ethnic nation through assimilating the Turkic people they had access over IN ORDER TO SURVIVE IN A NAZI CONTROLLED WORLD. if you study some historical references about the various Turkic people you will see that they all had been described as white people,often with red hairs. examples can be made by studying about the Scythians, Khazars, Ghirghiz, Uighur, Cuman, Pecheng, Bulgar, Avar, Alan, Tatar, Hungiar(huns), Bashqir and other Turkic clans.

Posted by Hazarbaygan | Report as abusive

be aware that the Pan Iranism still survives and is supported by both the Iranian government and the PAHLAVI institution run in US. they may do ANYTHING to shut the defying voices. currently they dream to create some thing called the “great Iran”!! and thats why they export terrorism around the middle east and are after nuclear arsenal.

Posted by Hazarbaygan | Report as abusive