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Straight from the Specialists

How the U.S. Fed’s tapering can affect Indian markets

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(Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters)

It was never expected to be permanent. Quantitative Easing (QE), designed to pep up the U.S. economy after the financial crisis of 2008-09, has survived for five years. The United States is now on a rebound and unemployment is receding. That has tempted the U.S. Federal Reserve to reconsider tapering its economic stimulus.

This was first announced on May 17 and sent tremors through global markets. Asian markets were the most affected; India was worst-hit, having come to depend on FII investment. The knee-jerk reaction of FIIs was to reduce exposure to emerging market economies in the expectation that liquidity would dry up and interest rates would harden.

Between June and August, FIIs pulled out 230 billion rupees ($3.7 billion) from the stock market, dragging the Sensex down 2000 points or by 10 percent. The rupee was also hit, losing 27 percent in three months and the RBI was forced to take emergency measures to stop and reverse its fall.

But the actual tapering was never announced. Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke changed his mind because growth, by his reckoning, was too slow. Tapering was postponed although the intention to taper was not abandoned. It is still on the Federal Open Market Committee (FMOC) agenda that will be discussed on Dec. 17.

India Market Weekahead – Volatility expected ahead of RBI policy review

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(Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters)

After a rally of 500 points on the Nifty, markets consolidated at slightly higher levels to close at 5850 this week. It’s evident that hope keeps the market ticking — this time it was various measures by the new RBI governor, Raghuram Rajan,that cheered the markets.

But expectations, at times unrealistic, could lead to disappointment. Though Rajan made the right moves, it would be interesting to see how he uses the limited manoeuvrability he currently has. The monetary policy review on September 20 would be closely watched.

Asian bonds: rising discrimination

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(Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not of Thomson Reuters)

Ever since reports emerged that the United States might taper off its bond-buying program, emerging markets have whipsawed: falling currencies, rising rates and fleeing funds. India and Indonesia have been two of the most affected countries in Asia.

The Asian dollar bond markets have also been affected by the fear of tapering. On the one side, longer-term bonds have lost substantial value as U.S. interest rates have picked up. Additionally, investors have discriminated between bonds from vulnerable countries and those from stronger countries.

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