Amid chaos, Nepal’s king bows out gracefully

June 16, 2008

In the end, it was hard not to feel a little bit sorry for Nepal’s deposed King Gyanendra.

Reuters’ Simon Denyer (L) watches as Nepal’s deposed King Gyanendra (R) addresses the media at the Narayanhiti royal palace in Kathmandu June 11, 2008. Denyer is India bureau chief for Reuters, with responsibility also for Nepal and Bhutan.He had seemed an impossibly distant, arrogant figure in the past, but on Wednesday, addressing the press before leaving the palace, in his first and possibly final news conference, he kept his dignity and showed a previously unseen human side.

So it was a pity his swansong — and that of a once-cherished 239-year-old monarchy — was surrounded by chaos, with more than 200 journalists jostling for a view in the palace’s small main hall, constantly pushing and shoving each other.

As Gyanendra read from a prepared text in the palace’s small main hall, two stuffed tigers behind him, people shouted aggressive questions as the former king ploughed on, his amplified voice alternately booming and then dropping out altogether.

He may have spent most of his time in his gaudy pink Kathmandu palace cut off from reality, ultimately unloved and unlistened to, and some may have felt his final farewell was a fitting end.

But for a monarchy traditionally revered as incarnations of Hindu gods, here was a king almost pouring his heart out and the media hardly seemed to be listening.

Nepal’s deposed King Gyanendra bids goodbye to the media at the end of a news conference at the Narayanhiti royal palace in Kathmandu June 11, 2008.Gyanendra took over as king in 2001 after the death of his more popular brother and many of his family in a royal massacre, which he said was a time of “overwhelming grief”, and was ousted after a specially elected assembly voted to abolish the monarchy.

In the years between, he alienated most of his subjects by seizing absolute power and doing little good with it. Most Nepalis are glad to see the back of him.

Being jostled at that rugby scrum of a news conference, I wondered how Gyanendra could ever have hoped to be a success when he grabbed the reins of the state.

In the end, royal rule failed to rescue Nepal from civil war and economic decline, leading instead to street protests and ultimately his ouster two weeks ago.

Gyanendra, 60, said he accepted the decision to abolish the monarchy. He did not quite apologize for his mistakes, but he did express sorrow for any suffering he said he may inadvertently have caused.

He spoke movingly of the massacre, when King Birendra and eight other members of the royal family were shot dead in the same pagoda-roofed palace by Crown Prince Dipendra, who then turned the gun on himself.

He said dignity of office prevented him from shedding tears but that accusations he might have been complicit in the murder were “very painful to us and are still so”.


In the new corridors of power, former Maoist rebels, who fought a decade-long war to abolish the monarchy but are now on the verge of forming a government, talk of a “New Nepal”.

But the sight of yawning, lackadaisical immigration staff, broken airport trolleys and chaotic roads on arrival in Kathmandu show the old Nepal is going to take some shifting.

This is one of the world’s poorest countries, where politicians have a reputation for squabbling and stealing, and bureaucrats are widely seen as lazy and lacking initiative.

Millions of Nepali people live in abject poverty but the deposed king is widely believed to have a fortune invested in tea, tobacco and casinos.

He will not want for much in his new life as a commoner. But his family is being forced to leave its home in disgrace and will stay, for the time being, in a modest tin-roofed hunting lodge on the outskirts of the capital.

His stepmother and his step-grandmother, in their 80s and 90s respectively, have refused to leave and have been allowed to stay on, in small houses in the palace grounds.

In the old days, Gyanendra had more than 700 staff and retainers, but these days the palace apparently cannot find anyone to mow the lawn. Those who are left seem to have lost their spirit.

“Many are weeping and have not eaten meals for a long time, because they are sorry,” said Madhav Bhattarai, the former king’s chief religious adviser. “It is natural, some of them have worked there for 40 or 50 years.”

Most Nepali people now believe the country is better off without its monarchy and a few jeered at Gyanendra as he swept out of the palace in a black Mercedes for the last time on Wednesday night.

But without such a convenient scapegoat as the king, politicians could face more pressure to achieve something. In a country as difficult to govern as this, that may take some doing.

Reuters Insight: A monarch’s exit — a video of Simon’s analysis.


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What is a new Nepal is a very big question.
It could mean a Nepal which is disintegrated immersed in civil war with chaotic political system and corrupt politicians.
Monarchy is a victim of circumstances and a scapegoat who bore the brunt of the maoist movement. The democratic parties rode on the maoist shoulder to regain power but do not have the required legitimacy to govern the country as has been shown in the recent constituency assembly election polling.
Millions of nepali citizenship were given to indians to outnumber the locals and create continuous problem in terai.
The country also seems to be rushing into a civil war in the near future between the indian immigrants and nepalese government just like the one you have in Sri Lanka.
With all the emerging scenario, it is likely the real Nepal will feel the necessity of the monarchy in the near future.
But it could be a little too late!

Posted by suyogya | Report as abusive

How can a government be both Maoist and a democracy? It is inherently impossible.

Posted by Ethan | Report as abusive

Its sad that we do not have a king for Nepal. But again, things have to move on. Its time India really rework at its policy with Nepal. May be have a passport and visa system to travel to Nepal and have Nepalis traveling to India have a Visa . Crime would go up with the new Kings- the Maoists in Nepal. ISI is active so are so many other anti-Indian elements. The issue which is not focussed in Maoists won on Anti-Indian sentiment. The people who are managing the affairs are neo-converts to Christianity. Who are a subtle crusader type of attitude. Thats a cause for concern.

Posted by gurnath prakash | Report as abusive