India Insight

Singur: It ain’t what you do, it’s the way that you do it

August 29, 2008

As the deadlock over Singur and the Tata Nano plant rumbles on, much of the debate seems to be missing the point.

SingurThis week, Mukesh Ambani said a “fear psychosis is being created to slow down certain projects of national importance” and said industry should be encouraged to make such large investments.

But in the words of the old song by Ella Fitzgerald (and more recently Bananarama) “It ain’t what you do, it’s the way that you do it”.

When I visited Singur back in February 2007, the government claimed that 95 percent of the 14,000 farmers on the affected land had voluntarily accepted an offer of compensation.

The government also claimed the land was not fertile, supporting just one crop a year, and said the compensation package was “exemplary”.

A day spent touring Singur was enough to shed doubt on those claims. Not only was this good, well-irrigated land supporting several crops a year, but more importantly many farmers insisted they had not agreed to leave their land.

In village after village, I found, farmers said they had not signed consent forms, insisting that communist party workers had falsified their signatures.

“People have been intimidated by party workers,” 62-year-old Anil Shantra told me. “They brought out a list of people who agreed to sell, but somebody else has signed on my behalf.”

Back in Kolkata, independent economists said the compensation on offer would not give farmers equivalent returns or allow them to buy land nearby.

Paddy field near SingurMy colleague Alistair Scrutton visited Singur this year, and after meeting many more farmers, predicted the deadlock we now see.

It was a similar story in Nandigram. Instead of a system of public consultation, a colonial era land law had been used to seize the land. The government tried to bully people into submission. And then it paid the price.

Should India industrialise further? Of course. Does that mean farmers need to be moved off their land? Of course it does.

The trouble is that in today’s India, farmers do not feel so isolated and alone, and are not so easily bullied.

Car plants are being built in other parts of India without any problems – just look at Tamil Nadu. But land has to be selected carefully to minimise disruptions to farmers, and a fair compensation package offered – surely, given the money involved in the Nano, this would not have been beyond Tata Motors.

West Bengal does have a particular problem – it is densely populated and much of its farmland is fertile. That means it won’t be easy to find land for industry.

All the more reason to tread carefully, consult carefully, and compensate properly. Otherwise land seizures will create more resistance, and more trouble for Indian industry in the future.

Tata plant at Singur: SLIDESHOW

Tata Nano car: SLIDESHOW

Comments
58 comments so far | RSS Comments RSS

Bengal is now the Indstry hub of east of India. It is looking for rapid industrilization so as to enhance trade and business with South Asian countries.So Tata Motor’s Nano is a milestone to reach it’s old glory in Industry which had been shatired by the long deprivation by the Congress lead Government at center. Most of the lands of Bengal is furtile.So for any built of factory, some of the fertile lands will be gone. In Singur Farmers have been paid 10-12 lakhs per acre on an average of land which nowhere in India paid.Yes, it was started with little hurry and without much home work but Government had to expedite the process to snatch this offer from other states who were competing to get Nano factory in their states.What Mamata is doing is nothing but just to get political mileage–She is the inheritor of Congress legacy who had exploited farmers of Bengal and made them beggars.Left Front Government after coming to power gave land to landless and reduced exploitation in a great extent.Mamata during her tenure as coal and Rail Minister of India had taken lot of lands from Farmers–Had she given enough compensation to farmers–The answer is NO. Also State Government did not oppose the decision to hand over lands to Mamata looking at Bengal’s development in General. Mamata is trying to be Champion of Farmers — Then Why she is occupying Land in the name of Trinamul Office near Bypass in Kolkata which is the land of evicted farmers.

It looks she is getting instigation and what else we never know from Industrailists who are also competing for 1 lakh car with tatas. The truth will one day come out.

Posted by Chandi | Report as abusive
 

Where are those farmers who are not read to part with their land? Dalal Mamata should stop working for the marwaris of Kolkata who do not want Tata to come to Kolkata to lose their interests.

Posted by Torpedo | Report as abusive
 

Dear Simon,
I don’t have any idea what point you are trying to make in your article. I am from Baidyabati, a town within a 15 mile radius from the Tata project. Everyone who lives around there knows very well how important the Tata project is for the local economy. Here the Trinamul leader is causing statewide misery by blocking the major highway that results in the loss of Millions of Rupees. She is talking about returning 400 acres of land to their original owners. Why can’t she talk to the chief Minister and the Tata Motors to figure out a good compensation package for the affected farmers ? Believe me, every affected farmer would welcome that. But what does the Madam want ? God Nows !!!

Posted by Dr Asok Banerjee, San Antonio, Tx, USA | Report as abusive
 

West Bengal must implement Singur Tata project to open
gates for reputed industry houses. All political parties need to participate in this process for the good of common man. TC’s political moves are pretty obvious, but they can also get results from the successful implementation of this vital project.

I certainly hope Nano will see the daylight and will bring new hope to youth of Bengal.

Posted by Ashim Paul | Report as abusive
 

well, west bengal govt didn’t act intelligently in selecting the sit fot TATA. It should be near industrial areas like Howrah, Asansol, or Haldia.
Second, there are people like Medha Patkar (may be a agent !!!!) who don’t want India to progress. That’s why opposing every project.
Third , political opportunism – Mamata looking at 09 elections , getting few more seats in Lok Shaba.

Posted by Saraswat Basu | Report as abusive
 

The article seems to be one sided and written by a western journalist making a quick visit to singurland.
There is much more to this than being a agitation by the farmers. Most of the farmers welcome the project knowing fairly well that setting up an industry will lead to prosperity to the region as wealth trickles down. Mamata Banerjee is just an oppurtunist who is more interested in gaining political mileage than betterment of farmers.

Posted by sad bengali | Report as abusive
 

Thanks for your comments. Actually I deliberately did not mention Mamata Banerjee because her involvement is a separate issue.
She may well be trying to make political mileage from this issue, and clouding matters, but that is not my point.
My blog was based on my trip, a full day talking to many, many farmers in Singur, as well as several other trips by my colleagues — both Western and Indian. I also spent a full day in Nandigram.
I spoke to many farmers who were genuinely unhappy, and not even Trinamool supporters, in both Singur and Nandigram. I am not saying a majority were unhappy, but plenty felt they had been cheated out of their land with forged documents.
It may be that political opportunists try to exploit their cause, but that does not necessarily mean their cause was invalid.
I am not politically partisan in any way, I don’t support the government of West Bengal or the opposition. I just spoke to farmers and independent economists and tried to decide if they were being treated fairly.
I do agree though that the best solution would be to work out a decent compensation package and move on with the project.
As I stress, industrialisation is vital for West Bengal. It’s a shame when the issue becomes so politicised.

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

Talking would help but Ms Banerjee does not want to talk. And whether related farmers want to talk or not, we will never find out.It is beyond them now, this is now Ms Banerjee’s pet protest.

WB is majorly agricultural and fertile, and movement of any piece of land towards industry in the future might be create an opportunity to people like Ms Banerjee to paint it as anti farmland, irrespective of any package and rehab offered in compensation.

Posted by B | Report as abusive
 

It is sufficiently clear now that the Singur movement of Mamata Banerjee, also devotedly supported with strategic inputs by ultra left groups, virgin communists, and ‘progressive’ nano intelligentsia, is actually part of a larger political gambit. The intention is to not only impede but also put an end to the industrial future of Bengal.

 

Thanks B. That is pretty much my point. If it had been done in the right way in the first place, Mamata Banerjee would have never had the chance to get involved.
Since it appears to have been done clumsily, farmers will indeed be suspicious of any future industrialisation projects. Which is a big pity.
Industrialisation is the way forward for India and West Bengal, for sure.
But how would you or I feel if we woke up one morning to discover that our ancestral lands were being given away to Koreans (as the farmers of Nandigram discovered)?
And to be offered money which would not go close to buying comparable land? I reckon I would be angry.
Surely land purchase has to be done, but land has to be chosen carefully, farmers consulted and adequate compensation paid. Or India will end up with more messes like Nandigram and Singur.
That was the only point I was trying to make Dr Banerjee.

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

Farmers in Singur may or may not have given their land voluntarily. It is obvious that not many will be happy if their land is taken away – even if legally (the Singur land acquistion has been declared legal by the High Court and an appeal now lies in Supreme Court). However it is not the farmers who are creating the current tamasha in Singur. They don’t have the resources and they don’t have the luxury of indulging in indefinite protests. What’s currently happening in Singur has a host of other players. First there are the social activists like Medha Patkar who are vehemently against development because it is against their peculiar ideology. It was one of her followers – Anuradha Talwar – who was caught on TV channels blocking the Tata employees and even threatening! Then there are the Naxalites who want a red revolution in the state. Every local news media (from pro to anti Mamata) has reported that it is the Naxalites who are behind most of the threats and violence. They are the ones who are doing the guerrila style wall attacks. Third there is a bunch of pro anarchy intellectuals who want capitalism to be banished from India. Fourth we have leaders like Mamata Bannerjee – who is basically an urban mob leader, trying to find a footing in rural areas. Fifth – there are the sophisticated intellectuals like Arundhati Roy with her peculiar views about India (and this is what most western media likes to latch on to). Sixth – there are the mainstream communists who have fooled people for three decades and are finding it difficult to keep on fooling and are losing ground to the new ultra left – ultra right combine. Seventh – the so called human rights activists who are often fronts for ultra left groups. Eighth – some journalists/media houses with their own political agendas colouring the situation further. The situation because of the above players is such that even if the farmers are ready to accept more compensation and compromise (most local media are reporting that farmers want the Tata factory), the above players will not want an amicable solution. The farmers are just pawns in a diabolic game being played out by the above players. The faster the people of Bengal see through these dirty games, the better for Bengal and India.

Posted by Sourav Dasgupta | Report as abusive
 

It’s not that land is not available for Industry in WB. If one travels through outskirts of Kolkata, one comes across many closed factories and mills sitting with huge mass of land. Just think about the advantages if these unutilised land Areas are taken over for the setting up of new Industry – already available infrastructure for bijli, pani and roads, near to major town and foremost of all no farming land to be taken over forcibly or otherwise!

Posted by debjani | Report as abusive
 

We have seen wonderful journalism on global problems in the past. Journalists like John Hersey, Bob Woodward, Carl Bernstein, etc. gave the profession the prestige it owns today. To be a good journalist, one must undertake infallible investigation as also make exhaustive homework. it is unfortunate for readers like me that a journalist from Reuters failed on both these counts. Just by one day’s visit Simon Denyer drew some conclusions. If you know that “West Bengal does have a particular problem – it is densely populated and much of its farmland is fertile. That means it won’t be easy to find land for industry” then there is only one solution – NO INDUSTRY.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

Thanks Debjani, and I agree there is land which can be chosen which is more suitable.
Anbas, sorry I don’t quite get your point. I actually spent a week in West Bengal on this issue, and a week in Orissa and many months in Delhi debating this. As I said before, several Reuters journalists have been back to both Singur and Nandigram. I talked to state and central governments, the chief ministers and other ministers in Orissa and West Bengal and the government in Delhi, and dozens and dozens of farmers. As well as independent experts.
Do you think if I had spent more time in Singur that would have changed my views? Or should I have spent more time in Kolkata? Or more than five years in India?
Your final words confuse me. Are you saying there should be no industry?? If so, I’d be interested to know why you think this.
I’d enjoy engaging you on the issues and the arguments.

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

The issue raised by Debjani has been a part of West Bengal’s active political discussion for sometime. Why not use lands owned by industries that have closed down for various reasons?

As far as I know (and I maybe wrong), with new pollution control rules by the central and state government in place, no new big manufacturing industries can be set up in the city and suburbs. Light and non polluting industries will be allowed however. So even though the solution sounds tempting, it will probably not float.

Singur is an ideal location (from the point of view of a industrial group) for the setting up of the Tata Nano factory. It is on a national highway with connections to Kolkata, Delhi, Mumbai and Chennai. There is connection to the existing trunk rail system. The airport is not too far away with the opening of the new river bridge and Belghoria expressway. The ports of Kolkata and Haldia are easily accessible. Water is not in short supply. Power can be drawn from Bandel and Kolaghat plants. These are many things that are not available in other parts of Bengal.

I think the local media (despite their own agendas) are better placed when reporting on such issues. Many of them are finally reporting the various other aspects of the story – like what are the farmers, who gave up land willingly, thinking OR what are the youngsters from Singur who have received training and employment from the Tatas thinking OR what are the unwilling farmers thinking based on the fact that the 400 acres demanded back is now covered with fly ash and construction material and will never yield crops anytime soon. What are urban professionals, many of them anti Left, thinking or why are thousands and thousands of them turning up at signature campaigns asking for industrialization and a compromise. The local media is also starting to cover the activities of Maoists/naxalites in the fracas. I don’t think foreign news agencies can have as much depth as local media for such issues.

There are divergent claims as to whether Mamata Bannerjee is gaining or losing from her gamble.

It will be interesting to watch how things turn out over the next few weeks especially with the festival season coming.

Posted by Sourav Dasgupta | Report as abusive
 

Simon,

I appreciate your quest for truth. But truth can be elusive. The basis of your observation is primarily based on your interviews. The interviews need not bring out the fact of the matter, especially when sporadic verbal communication tend to be skewed by so many factors, some of them alien to Western means of communication. To get to the bottom, you have to understand not only the pulse and spirit of the people, but also what makes them respond the way they do today.
Your point about lack of proper procedures in land takeover in Singur is well taken. But you must also understand the dilemma that the world populace is facing today – should we or not embrace machines at the expense of natural means. At this critical juncture though, based on my first-hand experience in living around the globe for last twenty years, I would think that Bengal needs industrialization.
On a separate note, Mamata Banerjee is an opportunist and anarchist, who is causing immense harm to her own people. It is the same kind of anarchy that we experienced in Seattle. You see them regularly in any WTO summit. It is not about demand for equality. It is about overthrowing a system that does not suit individual needs.

Posted by Kingshuk | Report as abusive
 

Thanks Simon. But before I clarify my previous posting, I want to make certain notes on Debjani’s thoughts about alternative land. TATA Motors said umpteen times that for their car manufacturing plant long stretch of contiguous land is required; 600 acres for the mother plant and 400 acres for ancillary units. They said that to make the car cheapest in the world, the ancillary units must be located near the mother plant, otherwise due to cost of transportation and other related costs, the price of the car will be higher than the declared amount. It means that it will not be the cheapest car. It should be remembered, that Nano attracted so much global attention not because it is just another car, but because it will be the cheapest car. I am not an automobile engineering expert. But I have been born and brought up in Kolkata. There may be closed factories in the outskirts of the city; but a closed factory with 1000 acres of land!!! Where you have found it, I am certainly interested to know. Secondly, if anywhere in the state there is a closed factory with so much land, it is certainly under the purview of BIFR. And God knows that to bring any land out of the purview of BIFR is practically out of question for a time bound project. You can not simply go to a closed factory and take their land. Even if BIFR agrees, you have to shoulder all the accumulated losses, repay the bank loans, pay workers’ dues, etc. A seemingly difficult time consuming task, if not impossible. An example: Gujarat is industrially advanced than West Bengal. It has 504 total cases registered with BIFR till 2005; Maharashtra has 1076 cases, West Bengal has 392 cases.
Now, Simon, I commented on what you have said – “West Bengal does have a particular problem – it is densely populated and much of its farmland is fertile. That means it won’t be easy to find land for industry.” As you and your colleagues have extensively toured West Bengal to get the correct scenario (again, you mentioned it), then to set up a large industry anywhere in West Bengal there is no other way but to acquire fertile farmland. And there will be trouble whenever such acquirement is done. If you want that West Bengal should be out of such trouble, the only solution left is NO INDUSTRY.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

upto when ms mamata banerjee fight for farmers, it was accepted and welcomed but now she is now fight against the industry which is very much required for west bengal is not acceptable. better she can fight for the compensation for farmers. it is very worst than she is thinking. to doing this type of agitation left front reserve their berth for next twenty yers in west bengal. next election definitely it well reflect. one thing it is true that in middle class bengali family if the marraige of a girl has done in time that type of mamata will born. so parents in west bengal be carefull for the future of your daughter. arrange their marriage in time.

Posted by sanjib | Report as abusive
 

In continuation to my earlier posts, I think, one important point we are overlooking. Some of the farmers may be aggrieved because lands outside the project area are skyrocketing. If a farmer got compensation, say around 3 lakhs for one bigha plot and if the present price of the same quantity of land outside project area is 4 times (as reported in the media), then it is obvious that he/she will think as being deprived. Against so much provocation and brainstorming, he will not be reasonable enough to see that the price increase is because of the factory. I would suggest that the Government should immediately declare that changing character of any land by private parties outside the project area but within 30 km radius, will not be allowed under any circumstances. I think, there is already such a law in force and Government should use it. In this way, price of these lands will not increase and farmers will be contented, at least, regarding the compensation amount.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

I want to register my following queries to the so-called supporter of TATA and NANO plant (mostly commies intellectuals):
· Who is responsible for this fiasco?

- Definitely TATAs and WB Govt. Why TATA has chosen the fertile lands of Singur and not some barren lands of Birbhum or Bankura? Why WB Govt. try to bulldoze the land acquisition without taking the farmers and the opposition into confidence? Why the agreement between TATA and Govt. is still not published and kept secret? Why 1897 land acquisition law (which is meant for some Govt. project of public importance) was applied to acquire lands for private industry? CPI(M) has now become a party of promoters and real estate agent in WB. They think that their party workers can earn more if they bring big industries at any cost to Bengal because that will inflate the real estate market. So CPI(M) is now after industrialization even at the cost of poor farmers. We want answers on all these from the supporter of TATA plant before criticizing the agitation.

· Why the situation is different from other states?

- The scnerio in WB is different than other states because firstly the lands are much more fertile than the barren lands used for industry in other states like Maharashtra. Secondly people are very poor and depend solely on small pieces of land as their sole means of livelihood. If the land is taken away with whatever compensation, the whole family will lose their earning and they will become labourer. So to create employment of about 10000 people in Nano plant (mostly out of state engineers and labourers and a few Bengali as clerk) actually we will create 10000 unemployed (land owner and their family members). This is not development. Who will benefit from the Nano car? The middle class, who have power to purchase a car and not the Farmers.

· What if TATA agrees to return 400 acre of land?
- Some logic is given that if the land is returned that is not cultivable now because it has lost its fertility. But presnt land rate of Singur is 45 lakh per acre whereas the Govt rate is 12 lakh per acre. The farmers even cannot do cultivation can sell the land at higher price for real estate and be benefited.

· What if TATA leave Singur?

- TATA chosen Singur and WB not out of any affection to Bengal or for its development. They have calculated that since WB is one of the cheapest parts of India and since it is near to their steel plant at Jamshedpur, they can save a lot of money to produce the car and can sell that at cheapest price. This is not possible in Maharashtra or Gujarat where the cost of living is very high which will escalate the car price. So I don’t think they will leave WB. If they do so, only part of investment of 1500 crore will be lost which was used for land filling, labour cost etc. Other things like structures, machineries can be dismantled and taken to new site and reused. So total loss of TATA will be only 150-200 crore out of 1500 crore.

Posted by Shombhoo | Report as abusive
 

There is land available which cannot be used for agriculture. But the industries want land that has better connectivity, availability of water etc. And I feel the land ownership sould be with govt if govt resources are used to get the land acquired. Witht he said compensation amount it is not possible to buy simailar area of farmland with good fertile soil. The industries should only acquire non fertile land , they have to spend money for road, power etc . The moment they want everything in a platter the trouble erupts.

Posted by Paul | Report as abusive
 

Simon Denyer – Facts mentioned in the article doesn’t seem to be correct according to the last 18 comments. Also professionally its incorrect on your part to publish incomplete document without substantial evidence which can lead to people’s blindfoldedness on such an important issue. If you can’t guide, atleast don’t misguide us !!

Posted by raghu | Report as abusive
 

HI ALL,
THIS IS JAMIRUL HERE. MAMATA BANEERJEE IS TOTALLY MAD. SHE IS FRAUSTATED & MAD IN HER LIFE. COZ IF TATA WILL MOVE FROM WEST BENGAL THEN NO BODY WILL COME NEVER AGAIN TO SET UP ANY INDUSTRY. NOW DAYS SOME COMPANY WILL COMING IN WEST BENGAL . MOST OF ALL ANY COUNTRY CAN NOT DEVELOP ON THE BASIS OF CULTIVATION. IF FARMER NEED SOME THING (I.E. LAND PRICE) FROM GOVERTMENT THE SHE SHOULD BE MEET WITH GOVERMENT. THIS IS NOT PROPER WAY TO STOP THE PRODUCTION.ACTUALLY SHE IS TOTALLY MAD & SHE THOUGHT THAT EVERY SOLUTION IS STRIKE. SHE LOST HER 5 M.P FOR HER BEHAVIOUR . NOW SHE IS ALONE AS M.P. . IF THIS THING WILL CONTINUE THEN SHE WILL VANISH ON TIME FROM WEST BENGAL WHEN PEOPLE KNOWS HER ATTITUDE. IT IS GOOD THAT SHE HAS OPPOSITION PARTY IN WEST BENGAL . BUT SHE SHOULD BE THINK ABOUT THIS MATTER. NOW WORKING AS BROKER FOR FARMER. I BELONG TO FARMER FAMILY ALSO BUT I NEVER SUPPORT HER ATTITUDE IN THIS CASE . I KNOW IF TATA WILL GO FROM WEST BENGALTHEN IN FUTURE IT WILL BE GREAT EFFECT IN WEST BENGAL AS WELL AS YOUNG GENERATION. I THINK SHE NEED MENTAL TREATMENT OR OTHER WISE IF SHE IS OK THEN WEST BENGAL GOVERNMEBT SHOULD BE ARREST HER.

Posted by jamirul | Report as abusive
 

Though this post is not directly related to the article, I want to ask a simple (?) question to people who suddenly turned sympathizers of poor farmers:
But before that, try to imagine a scenario – 400 acres of land returned to unwilling farmers. TATA stopped all work and closed the mother plant of 600 acres. The locals who got jobs become unemployed once again; those who are expecting jobs become frustrated (who cares, they are small in numbers!). TATA abandoned all its developmental activities in the area. Unwilling farmers get back their land but it is uncultivable because of deep concrete piling. To convert the land again to cultivable condition, the farmers now require huge fund which is unavailable. Government does not provide fund because they are not owners and shrugs off all responsibilities. Farmers cannot accuse the government now. Banks will not provide fund because there is no such scheme. No other large industry house will come forward because of the past experience. In this imagined scenario what the farmers will now do? They can not even seek the amount which they refused earlier. Some small timers and land sharks may come and wait for the opportune moment when the farmers will be bound for distress sale and which will be much much less than the compensation. TATA will loose some money; but they can afford to loose. They will, of course, retain the 600 acres for future sale, may be after 10/20/30 years. The whole area will be a hunting place for ghosts. No industry, no agriculture, no township – a godforsaken place. In the meantime, the farmers will be relegated to BPL (below poverty line) category. Who will come forward to save them? Who will be their saviour in such an eventuality? I hope you have an answer.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

Industrialiasation should be must for West bengal.

Posted by Avijit | Report as abusive
 

As a followup to one of the posts above by Shombhoo:

Not everyone who supports the Tata Nano factory is a “commie” intellectual. Similarly not everyone who opposes the Tata Nano factory is a Trinamool intellectual.

Q) Why TATA has chosen the fertile lands of Singur and not some barren lands of Birbhum or Bankura?

A) The Tatas selected Singur for its location and infrastructure. It is very easy to say that the Tatas should have gone to Purulia or Birbhum. Central West Bengal has huge water shortages and soon you would find the same activists who are opposing the Singur plant, opposing a Purulia or Bankura plant on the basis of big corporates sucking up water (much like the agitation against small Coca Cola plants). Basically in India we have very strong anti development groups who are against capitalism and corporates. They will use every excuse to oppose projects – be it water or fertile land or poor farmer or turtles of tribals.

And of course there are political parties in India which oppose because they are in the opposition. The antics of Trinamool as an opposition party is the same as the antics of the communists in Orissa.

Q) Why WB Govt. try to bulldoze the land acquisition without taking the farmers and the opposition into confidence?

A) The Trinamool Congress has boycotted almost every meeting about proposed land acquistion. Take for example the Thermal Power project in Katwa or the new Port in Midnapore. The Trinamool has boycotted all proposed land acquistion meetings. So when the main opposition party is not ready to come to the discussion table how can it claim that it is not being taken into confidence?

Q) Why the agreement between TATA and Govt. is still not published and kept secret?

2) The agreement between the Tatas and the West Bengal Government was read out to all political party MLAs just a few days back. Guess what? The Trinamool MLAs boycotted that meeting! They showed it on TV of this MLA walking out on some flimsy issue. And it won’t be long before the agreement will be published for the public (it is held up for legal issues). However most local newspapers have carried plenty of details about the agreement.

Q) Why 1897 land acquisition law (which is meant for some Govt. project of public importance) was applied to acquire lands for private industry?

A) the land acquistion law is a national law – not something that the state created. The Singur factory may be by a private industry but it is of course of great public importance for the state. There will be crores of rupees of investment and the potential for turning the area into a major industrial hub like Jamshedpur. It also needs to be noted that the Tatas are well known for their excellent social welfare schemes for the public. From Tata Memorial Hospital to Tata Institute of Fundamental Research to Tata Football Academy to Tata Center for Performing Arts – the Tatas contribution to the public of India is enormous.

Ask the people of West Bengal and India – they probably have more faith in the Tatas than in any political party or NGO or social activist.

Q) CPI(M) has now become a party of promoters and real estate agent in WB. They think that their party workers can earn more if they bring big industries at any cost to Bengal because that will inflate the real estate market.

A) Every political party in West Bengal has promoters and real estate agents. The Singur area is a Trinamool Party strong hold. If the land prices go up there because of industrialization, then who will benefit? Naturally the party in power in Singur – which is Trinamool!

Q) So CPI(M) is now after industrialization even at the cost of poor farmers.

A) No poiltical party in India or West Bengal is for poor farmers. The Trinamool and the CPM shed crocodile tears for the poor.

Q) We want answers on all these from the supporter of TATA plant before criticizing the agitation.

A) This agitation like many other agitations in the state held by the CPM and Trinamool are detrimental to the interests of the state. Let the agitators follow the laws of the land. The high court has ruled that the land acquistion is legal. The opposition has moved the Supreme Court. Wait for the Supreme Court’s verdict. Why take the law into your own hands? Also most of the agitation is being carried out by outsiders – not Singur folks. The National Highway has been illegally blocked. The NHAI never gave permission to set up manchas on its property! Protesting is a democratic right. But it has to be within the laws of the land. Trying to threat workers, beating up workers, humiliating Korean and Japanese engineers cannot be supported by any right thinking person.

Q) The scnerio in WB is different than other states because firstly the lands are much more fertile than the barren lands used for industry in other states like Maharashtra. Secondly people are very poor and depend solely on small pieces of land as their sole means of livelihood. If the land is taken away with whatever compensation, the whole family will lose their earning and they will become labourer. So to create employment of about 10000 people in Nano plant (mostly out of state engineers and labourers and a few Bengali as clerk) actually we will create 10000 unemployed (land owner and their family members). This is not development. Who will benefit from the Nano car? The middle class, who have power to purchase a car and not the Farmers.

A) The land in Singur has been taken away for almost two years. Obviously the poor farmers who have not taken their compensation are suffering. But if the economic condition was so bad why are we not hearing stories of mass starvation? Why instead are we hearing stories of farmers and their children who have set up alternative businesses set up around the factory? Also many locals have got jobs in the factory. The urbanization of Singur will create thousands of new opportunities. Urbanization and industrialization is a must for development. Take Greater Kolkata for example. With just 1.7% of West Bengal’s total land mass,it supports 17.5% of the population and 40% of the state GDP! The city is much more efficient, more productive and more well off than other parts of the state. If we had five Kolkatas – that would mean just 8.5% of West Bengal land supporting 87.5% of the state’s population. The remaining 13% of people could have 91.5% of the state’s land for agriculture. The way to go is urbanization and industrialization because these need very little land and have very high productivity. Just check out all the first and second world countries.

Q) What if TATA agrees to return 400 acre of land?
- Some logic is given that if the land is returned that is not cultivable now because it has lost its fertility. But presnt land rate of Singur is 45 lakh per acre whereas the Govt rate is 12 lakh per acre. The farmers even cannot do cultivation can sell the land at higher price for real estate and be benefited.

A) The rates have gone up in anticipation of the Tata factory, ancilliary units, expected urbanization. As soon as the Tata factory closes down – rates will fall and the farmers will be holding on to uncultivable land which no one will buy. The prices will only nosedive. BTW aren’t the opponents of this project against “real estate” development?

Q) What if TATA leave Singur?

- TATA chosen Singur and WB not out of any affection to Bengal or for its development. They have calculated that since WB is one of the cheapest parts of India and since it is near to their steel plant at Jamshedpur, they can save a lot of money to produce the car and can sell that at cheapest price. This is not possible in Maharashtra or Gujarat where the cost of living is very high which will escalate the car price. So I don’t think they will leave WB. If they do so, only part of investment of 1500 crore will be lost which was used for land filling, labour cost etc. Other things like structures, machineries can be dismantled and taken to new site and reused. So total loss of TATA will be only 150-200 crore out of 1500 crore.

A) Partially correct. The TATAs will not suffer any big loss if they move away from West Bengal. They already have factories all over India and Pantnagar is an ideal place for manufacturing NANO – as it near to the biggest car market in India – that is Delhi. The Tatas are not doing a favour by building in Singur but they are not doing a disfavour either.

The question to ask is who will be the big losers if the Tatas pull out? The people of West Bengal!

Posted by Sourav Dasgupta | Report as abusive
 

‘The Ultimate’ EXECUTION PLAN to end all the time-killing political talks & make national progress from this Singur case:

Don’t hesitate to liberate some ROYAL BENGAL TIGERS outside Factory-premises if further disruption of work is attempted by any group. It facilitates a Win-Win deal for both – The National Animal would receive raw nutritious food (from hyper-active political demonstrators) thereby enabling (his own STATE’s) development activities inside the manufacturing plants peacefully keeping his strict vigil outside the factory to control no-nonsense acts.

RESULTS: 1. TATA-s don’t have to complain about excessive POLICE outside.. (Both Police & Mamata-’didi’ have to run away to save life)!!
2. Savings on the Cost of POLICE for the state could be invested for Agro-based activities.
3. All violence between political groups or people can be avoided, thereby reaching an IMMEDIATE SOLUTION.

Thanks for your support to ‘lateral thinking’ & innovative solutions ;)
- Captain.DUTTA, ad2iit

 

Hopefully anyone in Bengal would correspond this message written to the attention of Ms.M.Banerjee, the local Govt., TATA officials & without fail- the local INDIAN farmers & residents as “Stake-holders”**.
– — – — – — – — – —

Dear Stake-holders**,

For the greater interest of the people of Singur, Bengal & INDIA, it is of utmost importance that a precisely “positive” decision must evolve within the 1st week of September 2008. Any delay would prove fatal for the future of the state’s citizens and their human rights to development (especially for the local youths).

There are rogue business conglomerates (hungry for high profits for years without any sincere commitment for sustainable development for its employees & local citizens); and there are outstanding global corporate groups who defines all-round growth for business & society at large. We have enough examples to find such enterprises around us. For the greater interest of INDIA, TATA-s don’t deserve any time-killing anti-operations. Factually, one of the most respected Indian MNC group across the world known for business-ethics & considered as a reference for “Social commitment and industrial development of mass-scale” is the TATA group. The TATA-s has ‘earned’ it by their business-legacy as per records of their century-long social commitment in different states of India.

We are hopeful that “no political intention should be considered ahead of social responsibilities” to develop your state’s citizens both in AGRO-based activities, Health & Education, & very importantly, the diligent work-culture to deliver efficient production output through ancillary units and small scale industries. We wish you all the support to boost industrial activity among local state citizens and whole-heartedly support the poor villagers living on agriculture. A visionary leadership & energetic support to farmers can help use different parts of the fertile land of Bengal. As education, jobs & business demands millions of citizens (including Bengali-s like us) to relocate for our development & make our living, so do the farmers and agro-land owners. In the democracy, each one of us have equal rights – the ‘human rights’ and ‘survival of the fittest’ co-existing. Time is running out as other states would profit from this loss of Bengal!! More importantly, INDIA would be losing its precious man-hours of work that had already been committed to build the base around Singur’s Hooghly district. Millions of Indians including local Bengali-s look forward to a social development for this fertile state in all-round aspects and wish you bolster this movement for positive results.

Thanking you,
Yours sincerely,
AD2iit

(Currently based with the global competitor of Tata grp).

**Stake-holders: Who are Stake-holders

 

I am glad this blog provoked a good debate.
I do take a slight exception to be accused of professional misconduct rahgu. I investigate and report honestly and in much more depth than most journalists, and while people have different opinions, I have not misguided anyone.
Otherwise, though, thanks for all your comments. I sincerely hope this dispute is resolved soon.
Simon

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

Thanks Simon, but “debates for debates sake” do not necessarily mean positive thinking. Most of the comments in this blog and elsewhere, I found, are out of emotion, not fact-searching. I want to refer one blog posting wherein the writer tried to provide some insight on the issue. I, of course, do not know whether the figures are correct, ; but at least the writer attempted to shred off certain misconceptions. I am not an agricultural expert whereas this man is a senior agriculture scientist.
Please read it at http://ratandatta.sulekha.com/blog/post/ 2008/08/one-needs-to-know-a-bit-about-ag riculture-to-know.htm

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

The latest: TATA Motors Suspends Work on NANO Plant in Singur.Please see the press release at http://www.tatamotors.com/our_world/pres s_releases.php?ID=385&action=Pull

Who is benefitted? Didi or People of West Bengal? When we shall learn? When, if not now?

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

A confusing day for all those interested in Singur.
First, we reported protesters had agreed to hold talks to try and resolve the dispute
http://in.reuters.com/article/topNews/id INIndia-35280820080902

Then Tata said it was suspending work and looking for alternate sites.
http://in.reuters.com/article/topNews/id INIndia-35286320080902

I do agree with many comments here that this would be a real shame for West Bengal if it happens.

But, and not meaning to go on for ever, I’d also just draw people’s attention to the comments by Kolkata-based economist Abhirup Sarkar in our first story today.
Again makes me think this whole mess could have so easily been avoided.

“The compensation paid for the land is measly,” said Abhirup Sarkar, a Kolkata-based economist and social commentator. “It should be three to four times higher than what was paid.”

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

Dear Readers,

Suppose Tata leaves and the Land is returned to the respective farmers.

Alas ! It is bad luck for those, who get back “cemented” ground, where the cultivable soil had been once.

Well !! not to worry, We have ideas for them. They can rent this out to other farmers around during harvest season, for winnowing / drying / storing etc. How many farmers will be affected like this ?? Will they adapt to this kind of ideas ??

Surely, they will be initially shocked to see the land returned to them is NOT CULTIVABLE now. Will the political parties involved help him out ???

Posted by KB Murugaprasath | Report as abusive
 

What may happen if TATA leaves Singur. As suggested, renting the cemented field for winnowing / drying / storing etc. will not hold good. We must concentrate on 400 acres of disputed land. What TATA will do with their 600 acres, nobody can predict right now. The individual plots within the 400 acres are not contiguous; they are scattered within the total project area. The owners will hardly found a farmer to hire it because it will be additional burden for him. In Singur area, a farmer can expect maximum Rs 24000 for one acre multicrop land per year. The farmer is already in a difficulty to feed 4 members of his family (in average) with just Rs 2000 a month. There may be other compulsions. The landowner will be in a more difficult situation. He will have no money, no cultivable land; even to rent it out as a storehouse, he needs money. Who will give it to them? The political parties will simply vanish.

I have high regard for Mr. Abhirup Sarkar. But the noted economist is making a mistake. The price of the land skyrocketted because of the factory. At the time of acquirement, government paid the compensation higher than the then market value. If, as he suggested, government paid 4 times, say about 12 lakhs per acre, the price of adjoining areas might have jumped to Rs 48 lakhs per acre. Even a rural farmer understands 48 is more than 12 and a political party could have easily convinced him to claim the market value. Where is the end? For example, government wants to pay Rs 10.14 lakh an acre for the Katwa Thermal Power Plant (within 200 mtr of a state highway), 6.5 times of present market value. Then why also there is agitation? Market value of a place depend on several factors. Be rational, please.

It would be rather helpful to sort out the problems, if government takes additional steps to safeguard the livelihood of involved farmers with their families. If we are convinced that this flagship project will help our state to turn around, we must gratefully acknowledge and honour the contribution of the farmers

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

I fully share the views expressed by the author. Inndia and its decision makers have now must look up to beyond-Singur or Nandigram. For millions of farmers, tilling land is not just employment and source of income, but a way of life. Most of farmers owning a small piece of land, called ‘a marginal farmer’ in government parlance, agriculture is the mainstay. Mos tof them are pooer, illiterate and have no other avenues for employment. They inherit the land from their forefathers and pass it on the next generation.
Industrialisation can not take place at the cost of agriculture. They are complimentary and supplementary in Indian mileau. new industries must come up at barren-non fertile land. The government must come up with clear defination of ‘public interest’ a guile that is often used to acquire land for construction of irrigation dams, roads and power plants. Now the SEZ -special economic zone- is in vogue, danger gets multipled that industrialist in collusion with politicians and bureaucrats wil take umbrage of ‘public interest.
While Sigure is could be resolved with renewed package to farmeres, political parties must unanimously spell out the process to acquire land. All stake holders should be inviolved in the process to arrive at the consensus.

Posted by Dr suresh samani | Report as abusive
 

According to many, I found, West Bengal was once the front-runner among Indian states; now it is a back-bencher. Those who want to find the truth, not just emotional side-stepping, I would suggest a book titled AGONY OF WEST BENGAL written by an eminent journalist Ranjit Roy, published way back in 1972 before Left Front Government came into power. I do not know whether the book is available at book shops, but it may be found in a library. Read it and please then try to understand.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

Wasn’t Salim Group at Nandigram Indonesian?

Posted by vijit | Report as abusive
 

Dear Anbas, WB is a backbencher, thanks to the anti-work culture and strong arm tactics of the same Left leaders,over the years.
As far is Mamta is concerened, she is behaving the way Left will if this dispute is not at WB, but at any other state, say Gujarat for example.
For the availability of unused land in WB, I have seen factories with no sign of activities, just after the airport. Though not sure if it will measure upto 1000 acres, but some major amount definitely. Some factories are also in operation in that area, so pollution may not be an issue.
The only problem may be that Govt will not be able to get away with applying the 19th century law and walk away paying peanuts.
The issue is of money. If Tatas dealt directly with the farmers and bought the land, may be farmers would have got more or less, I do not know, but the choice would have been theirs and the opposition would not have a leg to stand on. When the Govt invokes a 19th century law, forcibly accquires land – please do not talk about the 11,000 willing farmers – decision to hand over land came first and the signatures later- and arbitarily fixes land rate – the Industry is very happy. But when the farmers find the compensation inadequate, same Industry cries foul.
In a complete capitalism scenario, Govt should have no role to act on behalf of any party, only to maintain an atmosphere conducive to business.
Yes, Tatas are at WB, not bcoz of love but of pure economics. It is better not to make them the martyr but ask how much of 1500crore will be towards the land, bijli, paani, local economy and how much towards the plant and machinery?

Posted by debjani | Report as abusive
 

Dear Debjani, I think in several of my previous posts, I tried to explain that no contiguous land of 1000 acres can be found, as you have mentioned, near the city of Kolkata. Factories without activities do not necessarily mean that they have the required land and dispute-free (legal) to acquire. Moreover, if they are under BIFR, they cannot be acquired by a state government for several reasons. Now why for a car factory 1000 acres of land is required, I am not an expert to review that. If you are an expert, you are most welcome to share it with us. Secondly, I suggested to read the book Agony of West Bengal by Ranjit Roy, the eminent journalist who was associated with Ananda Bazar Patrika group. I presume you have not read it; if not, please read it. It may help you to understand that for the present condition of West Bengal, lefts are not the only parties who are responsible. Thirdly, I do not quite understand what do you mean by “Govt will not be able to get away with applying the 19th century law and walk away paying peanuts”. A law is a law until and unless you change it. I humbly bring to your notice that Honourable Kolkata High Court upheld it and most likely Supreme Court will uphold it. There are more such 19th century laws which are in force. The validity of laws does not depend on our liking or not liking. It is the responsibility of the legislature to amend them. Those who are now opposing, we know that they have representation in both state legislature and Parliament. During the last two years did they ever proposed any amendment to the law in question? If you do not want to abide by a law validated by constitution, then you are resorting towards the policies of ultra-left. Of course, you can have views of ultra-left, but those are out of my discussion in the present context. What the government has done is legally validated; hence the question of ‘walk away’ does not arise. For your information – government paid Rs. 8.40 lakh per acre for mono crop land and around Rs. 12 lakh per acre for multi crop land, more than 1.5 times the prevailing market rate. The present price of the adjoining areas increased because of the factory. If TATA deserts Singur, as announced, the price will nosedive. Land price depends on several factors. For example, if you sell a land for 5 lakhs now, and if after 2 years price of an adjoining land goes up by 2 times, you can definitely think that you sold your land at peanuts, but legally cannot claim additional amount from the buyer of your land. This is a simple rule followed probably anywhere in the world wherever private ownership of land is allowed. Finally, TATA is a businessman and any businessman’s primary interest is ‘business’. Nobody wants to make them martyr. You may have different views, but I do not think making business is a sin. Each and everyone of us is dependent on business. We do not exist if there is no business. I hope, I do not have to elaborate on this.

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

TATA is the one of most selfish business group in India. Tata may shift imported machinery from Singur to another plant. It may be possible that TATA have got huge custom tax rebate on imported machinery.

Now it moves machinery to some other place so it can use imported machinery not only for Nano but also for other expensive models.

TATA can fool all Indian investors and Taxpayers. Government of India should inquire this scam without any delay.

Investors can’t trust TATA’s excuse like infrastructure, etc.

Posted by A.Y. | Report as abusive
 

With so much controversy over land issues in Singur, I found there are many misconceptions. I want to draw attention of readers to an article by V.K.Ramachandran published in The Hindu on 22.08.2008 regarding land reforms in West Bengal. The article may enlighten readers about the ground reality. Please read it at
http://www.thehindu.com/2008/08/22/stori es/2008082255051100.htm

Posted by Anbas | Report as abusive
 

I think Mamata is digging her grave and West Bengal’s grave. These people should move out of their own boundaries and see the growth happening in other states like Karnataka, Maharastra and AP. History has proven time and again that nothing can happen without a political will and vision. I have been in Bangalore for many years and found that its not only the educated folks but also daily wage earners are moving out of Bengal. In most place we find a good no of bengalis as construction workers, mechanics. This is because of lack of oppertunity in Bengal. Its sad that people in Bengal dont see this larger picture. In bangalore,Pune and Hyderabad towns like Rajarhat comes up in 1/2 years. After Bidhan Roy, unfortunately Calcutta has not produced any politician who can be termed as visionary. Nothing can replace an industry in creating job opportunity and growth.

Tata moving out of Singur will be last nail in the coffin. This will be a costly mistake which cannot be undone. I sincerely hope and prey that god gifts Mamata some sense and sensibility. Her narrow minded ambition for vote is sealing the fate of a entire state.

 

as another leading automotive manufacturer ( who some have been insituating as the ‘money bag’ behind Mamata and her Singur agitation ) put it very aptly on TV the other day – people are losing their objectivity. Now it is either that – if you are pro-Tata then you must be anti-Mamata or vice-versa. He asked why is it necessary to be 100% with one or the other. The objective truth as always must li somewhere in between.

in my humble opinion – in trying to play a dangerous game of brinkmanship – all 3 sides ( the CPM, Tatas and Mamata) have terribly over-played their hands (cards). In all this the CPM has come out looking the most pitiable.

it’s a sorry site to see the CM and his Industries Minister – who have always protested against the Governor exceeding his Consitutional authority and interfering in executive or political matters – tamely joining the queue at the Raj Bhavan seeking his “mediation” to resolve a crisis.

this is what i would call eating the ‘humble pie’. and, for some others – next time round they should think twice before making a dig about a politician at a product launch.

see my earlier post : Nano Vision @ http://www.ghoses.blogspot.com

and, would love to have your comments..

 

HI ALL,
THIS IS JAMIRUL HERE. MAMATA BANEERJEE IS TOTALLY MAD. SHE IS FRAUSTATED & MAD IN
HER LIFE. COZ IF TATA WILL MOVE FROM
WEST BENGAL THEN NO BODY WILL COME NEVER AGAIN TO SET UP ANY INDUSTRY.
NOW DAYS SOME COMPANY WILL COMING IN WEST BENGAL . MOST OF ALL ANY COUNTRY
CAN NOT DEVELOP ON THE BASIS OF CULTIVATION. IF FARMER NEED SOME THING
(I.E. LAND PRICE) FROM GOVERTMENT THE SHE SHOULD BE MEET WITH GOVERMENT.
THIS IS NOT PROPER WAY TO STOP THE PRODUCTION.ACTUALLY SHE IS TOTALLY MAD & SHE
THOUGHT THAT EVERY SOLUTION IS STRIKE. SHE LOST HER 5 M.P FOR HER BEHAVIOUR . NOW
SHE IS ALONE AS M.P. . IF THIS THING WILL CONTINUE THEN SHE WILL VANISH ON TIME FROM
WEST BENGAL WHEN PEOPLE KNOWS HER ATTITUDE. IT IS GOOD THAT SHE HAS OPPOSITION PARTY
IN WEST BENGAL . BUT SHE SHOULD BE THINK ABOUT THIS MATTER. NOW WORKING AS BROKER FOR
FARMER. I BELONG TO FARMER FAMILY ALSO BUT I NEVER SUPPORT HER ATTITUDE IN THIS CASE .
I KNOW IF TATA WILL GO FROM WEST BENGALTHEN IN FUTURE IT WILL BE GREAT EFFECT IN WEST
BENGAL AS WELL AS YOUNG GENERATION. I THINK SHE NEED MENTAL TREATMENT OR OTHER WISE
IF SHE IS OK THEN WEST BENGAL GOVERNMEBT SHOULD BE ARREST HER.
SHE ONLY THINKING OF HER PROFIT FOR COMING ELECTION. I AM NOT SAY THAT CPIM IS VERY WELL
ALL THE MATTER BUT IN THAT CASE THEY ARE 100% RIGHT . BUT SHE THOUGHT IF TATA WILL MOVE
FROM WEST BENGAL THEN GOVERMENT WILL BE

MAMATA NEED MARRY VERY SOON COZ SHE IS MAD , SO SOMEONE CAN HELP HER WHAT SHOULD HAVE TO DO

IT WILL BE BETTRE IF WEST BENGAL GOVERMENT SENT TO JAIL AS DRUVE THE PEOPLE WRONG WAY FOR FUTURE GENERATION

SHE IS MAD & SHE MANTAL TREATMENT !!!!

SHE IS MAD & SHE MANTAL TREATMENT !!!!
SHE IS MAD & SHE MANTAL TREATMENT !!!!

SHE IS ACTING AS BROKER NOW

Posted by JAmirul | Report as abusive
 

hi i am against forcible land acquisition. Not only in bengal if it happens anywhere in india it should be objectionable. If tata wants land then they should go to the people who owns the land. But they went to the goverment, So that they will get the land for less money. Instead of takeover policy if they go for land leasing, people will get some money initially. If they want means later they will sell at higher price in the market or with the tata motors in this case.
TATA will lose many crores If they stop manufacturing from singur and move out of WB. Atleast they can share this money with people who have suffered bcz of this acquisition. So that they can continue with production on the same place. I think they chose WB because it is nearby thailnad, malaysia and china. So they can easily import cheap components from these countries.

Posted by Sankar | Report as abusive
 

Sometimes Singur makes me remember an old bengali song by Hemanto Mukherjee, ” Kono ek gayer bodhur kotha tomay sonai sono rupokotha noye se noy……..” Even today amidst all the protests by urban enthusiasts for industry, I still cannot forget the day when farmers were beaten up and peaceful villages ransacked by the police for accuisition of farmland. Does Bengal need such industrialisation, which brings suffering and tears to our native farmers?

Posted by Abhik Das | Report as abusive
 

TATA TA TA TA TA We dont need you in our land. TA TA TA

Posted by Abhik Das | Report as abusive
 

Vijit
You are right. They are Indonesian!
Apologies and thanks!

Posted by Simon Denyer | Report as abusive
 

Sorry Boss I thaught they were from MARS and their friends here are from China

Posted by Abhik Das | Report as abusive
 

Shankar you are correct. They can import cheap parts from overseas. It will hurt our local auto-parts industry in India.

I could not understand why all people are burning their blood for this debate. Some are with TATA and some are not with TATA.

TATA will never give you a rupee (INR)or dollar from its profit. Even TATA can use our all money that we paid to our country in the name of income tax.

Build hospitals, schools. See how India fails to help flood victim in Bihar. India will not be a Superpower until all Indian are happy and equal.

Please think, how many peoples can afford medicines and foods for their families in India. Around 50 Indians are billionaires and 76.4% of Indian population (world bank data) living under poverty line.

I recommend to all in this post read once “Discovery of India” written by Nehru ji. Government should boost small-scale industry and other sectors that were planned by Pandit Nehru ji. In the past I was not agree with the some of Nehru’s visions, now I feel Nehru’s visions was not wrong about India. If we forget his visions than it will be too late to react and rebuild India.

India’s population is increasing day by day.

Don’t worry! Be Happy! :-)

Simon what do you think?

Posted by A.Y. | Report as abusive
 

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