Smokers ignore India’s public smoking ban

May 30, 2013

(Any opinions expressed here are those of the author and not necessarily those of Thomson Reuters Corp.)

It’s been nearly five years since India banned smoking in public places, but you wouldn’t know it from talking to Sugandha. The jeans-clad woman in her twenties is standing at a subway entrance in New Delhi as a man smokes a cigarette a few steps away, indifferent to how the fumes annoy passersby.

“We can’t say anything to anyone,” she said. “They won’t take it positively.”

That’s the state of things as the annual No Tobacco Day rolls around on May 31. In a country where efforts to ban people from spitting and urinating in public have met with little success, people still openly flout restrictions on smoking.

Khushbu, Sugandha’s bespectacled friend, said smokers are a nuisance. She aims stern, disapproving looks at them to shoo them away.

That doesn’t always work, especially in offices where someone’s boss might be the culprit. Sugandha says she’s uncomfortable around her colleagues when they come back from a cigarette break. To her, the smell is nauseating. Worse, she can’t tell them to stop.

The sale of tobacco products near schools and to people under the age of 18 is prohibited, but violations are easy to spot. In Noida, east of Delhi, people smoke by malls entrances, hospitals and subway stations. Passengers and porters light up at railway stations. Gutka, a popular and banned form of chewing tobacco, is sold on the sly.

Government officials say their anti-tobacco campaigns are making a difference.

“The number of people smoking in public places is significantly less if you compare the situation to what it was some 2-3 years ago,” said Suresh Kumar Arora, a doctor and a senior health officer in the Delhi government.

The Delhi health department has eight raiding squads – each comprising a doctor, a paramedic and a police constable – that fine people for smoking in public, and educate them about the ills of tobacco use. The fine amount increases cumulatively with each offence up to a maximum of 200 rupees (around $4) – less than the cost of a coffee at a Starbucks in New Delhi.

Arora said getting data on the number of smokers penalised would be difficult.

With a lack of smoking rooms in the country, the temptation to grab a smoke outside during the work day is strong. The definition of “open spaces”, referred to in India’s anti-tobacco rules, is not clear either.

Public health activists want changes in the government’s anti-tobacco laws, which they describe as toothless.

“Till the time the influence of the tobacco industry in our ministry of health and within WHO (exists), it is very difficult to bring in a powerful legislation,” said activist Hemant Goswami.

As if to prove Goswami’s point, an executive at a multinational company nonchalantly took a drag next to a bus stop on a hot Thursday evening in Delhi.

“I know it’s banned,” the man, dressed in formal shirt and trousers, said as he checked his BlackBerry for messages. “But I don’t care.”

Sorry, Doctor Arora; he declined to give his name.

The WHO warns that by 2030, 8 million people will lose their lives to smoking-related illnesses each year. With the global tobacco epidemic killing nearly 600,000 second-hand smokers each year, it’s clear that these people need some kind of protection from the government. Stronger, better legislation to curb tobacco use seems like a good way forward. What do you think India should do? Please share your thoughts.

(Follow Sankalp on Twitter @sankalp_sp)

4 comments

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Every single establishment – Workplaces, offices, malls, even homes – must have smoking zones. There is also a difference between spreading awareness about how tobacco is harmful, and public smoking. The two must not be linked. Smoking is a matter of personal choice. People need to be also made aware of how it is not okay to put non-smokers at risk and discomfort. If one is aware of the perils and smoking anyway – it is an individual decision. If one is creating a nuisance for others – that is not acceptable.

Posted by Anuja | Report as abusive

I remember a joke on this issue. The smoking ban was introduced on the occasion of Gandhi Jayanti. But not even one person got arrested? Why? That’s because it was a national holiday! No official went to work that day. :D Having said this, I am yet to see an enforcement squad on a normal working day! If people are defiant then let them pay fine or end up in jail. They will remember not to mess up with the law again :). But your concept of smoking rooms is interesting. Never heard of it, but it will be a great idea. Pack all of them together. Honestly, for a non smoker it’s very difficult to sit around around a chain smoker. That smell! Indian govt should keep persisting.

Posted by Woman21 | Report as abusive

This is such a problem with all community, even the educated. Especially the towns and medium cities have been extremely affected. Colleges and Schools, thats where we need to stop this issue.

Posted by Trichy | Report as abusive

India should impose higher taxes on Cigarettes. It will lead to lesser people buying the cigarette. Taxes have been proved to be one of the best solutions worldwide. I have seen examples of countries which have used this method and now very few people in those countries are buying cigarettes.

If one does not smoke, that is best for all and there will not be any need to be concerned about public smoking.

Posted by LogicalIndian | Report as abusive