Amnesty International member Ramesh Gopal Krishan meets Mirwaiz Umar Farooq, Chairman of Kashmir's All Parties Hurriyat Conference, before a meeting in Srinagar May 18, 2010. REUTERS/Danish Ismail

New Delhi has allowed a team from rights watchdog Amnesty International to visit strife-torn Kashmir for the first time since an armed rebellion against Indian rule broke out over two decades ago.

The two-member team arrived earlier this week to assess the human rights situation in the region where officials say more than 47,000 people have been killed since 1989.

Local human rights groups put the toll at about 60,000 dead or missing.

Amnesty International has in the past reported on human rights violations in the disputed Himalayan region and accused both government forces and separatist rebels of abuses against
the people of Kashmir.

At least 209 Kashmiri Hindus, locally known as Pandits, have been killed and tens of thousands fled their ancestral homes since violence broke out in India’s only Muslim-majority region.

Government forces fighting insurgency in Kashmir have been accused by locals of killing innocent people in fake gun battles, passing them off as militants killed to earn cash rewards and medals.