BANGKOK (Reuters) – A series of grenade blasts shook Bangkok’s business district on Thursday, killing at least three people and wounding 75, heightening tensions during a showdown between troops and anti-government protesters.
Five explosions hit an area packed with heavily armed soldiers and studded with banks, office towers and hotels. Four were seriously wounded, including two foreigners, according to hospital officials.
BANGKOK, April 20 (Reuters) – Pressure on Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva is coming from all directions.
An elections watchdog wants his party dissolved. Most analysts doubt he can win a national election. His emergency decree and security forces have failed to stop an increasingly bold, six-week "red shirt" protest that wants him out of office.
Adding to that burden is growing unrest within his own Democrat Party, signs of frustration in his fragile six-party ruling coalition and an army that has shown reluctance to follow his orders demanding tough action to reign in the red shirts.
Political analysts, however, say Abhisit does appear to have one powerful force on his side — the royalist establishment closely aligned with Thailand’s revered king. That in itself could keep him in power, though for how long remains uncertain.
"It is likely that he has strong backing from high-ranking members of the royalist establishment," said Pavin Chachavalpongpun, a research fellow at the Institute of Southeast Asian Studies in Singapore.
"But sooner or later he will have to go. Either he goes now or goes later. He is just buying time now."
All this is an unprecedented test for Abhisit, 45, a British-born, Oxford-educated economist lauded by investors for steering Southeast Asia’s second-biggest economy out of recession with fellow Oxford alumnus Finance Minister Korn Chatikavanij.
In recent weeks, he has suffered a series of humiliating setbacks, beginning in earnest on April 7 when protesters stormed parliament and forced several officials, including his deputy, to climb over a fence and flee by helicopter.
Two days later, after announcing a state of emergency, tens of thousands of protesters forced their way into the grounds of a a satellite station to force back on air a television channel he had censored. TV footage showed some soldiers later shaking hands with the protesters, who faced little resistance.
That was followed by a bloody crackdown on the protesters on April 10 that killed 25 people, mostly civilians, and wounded more than 800 without ending the protests.
Television showed arguably the most humiliating footage of all on Friday: a red shirt leader, Arisman Pongruangrong, escaping from a Bangkok hotel on the end of an electrical cable an hour after the government ordered his arrest
Since then, Abhisit’s language has become tougher, more uncompromising and at times threatening. He has rowed fully back on an earlier strategy of avoiding violence with the supporters of his nemesis, ousted premier Thaksin Shinawatra.
He told a television interviewer on Monday he would reclaim a district of high-end department stores and luxury hotels occupied by the red shirts since April 3, warning they must be brought under control and face penalties for breaking the law.
"If we allow those who use force to threaten a political change, we will have a lawless country," he said.
But his relationship with the military has not been easy. The Bankok Post newspaper has reported on his apparent frustration with Army chief Gen. Anupong Paojinda, a moderate who retires in September and who has resisted advancing on the protesters.
Anupong made headlines last week by suggestion the standoff required a political solution, urging dissolution of parliament — something the red shirts want immediately. He did not give a timeframe and has since been placed by Abhisit in a new role responsible for security during the demonstrations.
Abhisit last month offered to dissolve parliament in December, a year early, but that was rejected by protesters.
"Abhisit has proven himself tougher and more ruthless than many people expected, especially given that he’d not been PM that long," said Joshua Kurlantzick of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, a U.S. think tank."He’s proven himself willing to take tough tactics and to do what’s needed to stay in power."
But it’s unclear tough talk alone can solve his mounting problems, including frustration in an anti-Thaksin protest group known as the "yellow shirts", whose 2008 occupation of Bangkok airport was instrumental in bringing Abhisit’s party to power.
Adding to the headache is the unexpectedly strong turnout in the six-week red shirt protests by the rural and urban poor who call for class warfare to end social injustice — and their backing by renegade generals allied with Thaksin.
The red shirts see Abhisit as a front man for an unelected elite and military intervening in politics and operating with impunity. They say he lacks a popular mandate after coming to power in a 2008 parliamentary vote following a court ruling that dissolved a pro-Thaksin ruling party.
Most analysts doubt the military would succeed in a new crackdown on the protesters without inflicting huge casualties and sparking looting in an area studded with department stores.
That raises questions over why Abhisit doesn’t simply bend and offer to dissolve parliament immediately.
"It’s unlikely he’ll quit," said Danny Richards, senior Asia Editor with the Economist Intelligence Unit. "He’s hanging on in there and the more he continues to do so, the more he’ll be seen as a puppet. He keeps saying he’s legitimate but until he can be voted back to power in an election, that doesn’t mean much."
(Editing by Bill Tarrant)
BANGKOK (Reuters) – Who were the shadowy gunman firing on troops in Bangkok’s bloody riots last weekend, and who fired the grenades?
The answers to those questions could point to the emergence of a dangerous split within Thailand’s armed forces, one that could spark more bloodshed unless the beleaguered government calls elections promptly to defuse the political tensions.
BANGKOK (Reuters) – Eighteen people were killed and more than 800 wounded in Bangkok’s worst political violence in 18 years between troops and “red shirt” protesters demanding that the government step down and call an early election.
The death toll given on Sunday by Erawan Medical Center rose during the night although the fighting, some of it in well-known tourist areas, had ended after the security forces pulled back late on Saturday and urged the “red shirts” to do the same.
BANGKOK (Reuters) – Thai troops fired rubber bullets and tear gas at thousands of demonstrators, who fought back with guns, grenades and petrol bombs in riots that killed 12 people, Bangkok’s worst political violence in 18 years.
At least 521 people, including 64 soldiers and police, were wounded in the fighting near the Phan Fah bridge and Rajdumnoen Road in Bangkok’s old quarter, a protest base near government buildings and the regional U.N. headquarters.
BANGKOK, April 8 (Reuters) – Thai anti-government
protesters vowed to go ahead with a mass street rally on Friday
in defiance of an emergency decree imposed in the capital to
quell nearly a month of demonstrations demanding new elections.
A day after Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva imposed a
state of emergency, authorities blocked websites and shut down
an influential opposition television station, sparking a
scuffle between riot police and “red shirt” protesters.
By Martin Petty
Garbage heaps were piled up in front of plush shopping centres. Weary protesters sipped on coffee and tip-toed through a sleeping crowd. Pick-up trucks unloaded crates of water, food and energy drinks as demonstrators directed traffic around a makeshift stage. Police were nowhere to be seen.
Bangkok’s burning sun was starting to rise.
Mornings seldom make news in Thailand’s nearly month-long anti-government street protests. Rallies typically heat up in the evening when tens of thousands gather in Bangkok’s main shopping district to hear fiery speeches by protest leaders demanding elections. But the mornings offer a rare glimpse into the heart of a protest movement that has triggered a state of emergency in the Thai capital.
BANGKOK (Reuters) – Thai Prime Minister Abhisit Vejjajiva faces a difficult choice — compromise and call an election he could easily lose or launch a crackdown on tens of thousands of protesters that could stir up even more trouble.
A state of emergency declared in Bangkok gives the army sweeping powers to detain or remove people without a court order after protesters stormed parliament on Wednesday and forced government officials to scale a wall and flee by helicopter.
BANGKOK (Reuters) – Protesters targeted Thailand’s elections watchdog on Monday, at one point storming its office, while ignoring orders to leave Bangkok’s main shopping district for a third day in an increasing bold rally to force elections.
The protesters in the election office later dispersed, but tens of thousands of the red-shirted demonstrators, supporters of ousted Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, remained encamped in a district of luxury hotels and department stores.
BANGKOK, April 4 (Reuters) – More than 50,000 protesters
defied orders to leave the Thai capital’s main shopping district
on Sunday despite threats of mass arrests, raising the stakes in
the fourth week of street rallies against the government.
Despite repeated warnings they could face up to a year in
jail, the red-shirted protesters looked set to remain encamped
at a major intersection lined by upmarket department stores and
five-star hotels in the heart of Bangkok for a second night.