EMEA Health and Science Correspondent
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Oct 17, 2013

Air pollution a leading cause of cancer – U.N. agency

LONDON/GENEVA, Oct 17 (Reuters) – The air we breathe is
laced with cancer-causing substances and is being officially
classified as carcinogenic to humans, the World Health
Organisation’s cancer agency said on Thursday.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) cited
data indicating that in 2010, 223,000 deaths from lung cancer
worldwide resulted from air pollution, and said there was also
convincing evidence it increases the risk of bladder cancer.

Oct 17, 2013

Scans show retired American football players have brain deficits

LONDON, Oct 17 (Reuters) – Scientists have found “profound abnormalities” in scans of brain activity in a group of retired American football players, adding to evidence indicating that repeated blows to the head can trigger longer-term aggression and dementia.

Although the former National Football League (NFL) players in the study were not diagnosed with any neurological conditions, brain-imaging tests showed unusual activity that correlated with the number of times they had left the field with a head injury during their football careers.

Oct 17, 2013

UN agency calls outdoor air pollution leading cause of cancer

LONDON, Oct 17 (Reuters) – The air we breathe is laced with
cancer-causing substances and should now be classified as
carcinogenic to humans, the World Health Organisation’s (WHO)
cancer agency said on Thursday.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) cited
data indicating that in 2010, 223,000 deaths from lung cancer
worldwide resulted from air pollution, and said there was also
convincing evidence it increases the risk of bladder cancer.

Oct 8, 2013

Aircraft noise linked to higher risk of heart disease and stroke

LONDON (Reuters) – Exposure to high levels of aircraft noise near busy international airports has been linked to a higher risk of heart disease and strokes in two separate studies from Britain and the United States.

Researchers in London studied data on noise and hospital admissions around London Heathrow airport while a separate team analyzed data for more than 6 million Americans living near 89 U.S. airports in 2009.

Oct 7, 2013

GSK aims to market world’s first malaria vaccine

LONDON (Reuters) – British drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline will seek marketing approval for the world’s first malaria vaccine next year after trial data showed the shot significantly cut cases of the disease in African children.

The vaccine known as RTS,S was found, after 18 months of follow-up, to have almost halved the number of malaria cases in young children in the trial, and to have reduced by around a quarter the number of malaria cases in infants.

Oct 3, 2013

Diesel exhaust pollution may disrupt honeybee foraging

LONDON (Reuters) – Exposure to pollution from diesel exhaust fumes can disrupt honeybees’ ability to recognize the smells of flowers and could in future affect pollination and global food security, researchers said on Thursday.

In a study published in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, scientists from Britain’s University of Southampton found that the fumes change the profile of the floral odors that attract bees to forage from one flower to the next.

Oct 2, 2013

Exercise “as good as medicines” in treating heart disease

LONDON (Reuters) – Exercise may be just as good as medication to treat heart disease and should be included as a comparison when new drugs are being developed and tested, scientists said on Wednesday.

In a large review published in the British Medical Journal, researchers from Britain’s London School of Economics and Harvard and Stanford universities in the United States found no statistically detectable differences between exercise and drugs for patients with coronary heart disease or prediabetes, when a person shows symptoms that may develop into full-blown diabetes.

Oct 1, 2013

Predicting violence in psychopaths is “no more than chance”

LONDON (Reuters) – Assessment tools used to predict how likely a psychopathic prisoner is to re-offend if freed from jail are “utterly useless” and parole boards might just as well flip a coin when deciding such risks, psychiatrists said on Tuesday.

Publishing a study that found risk score tools are only around 46 percent accurate on how likely psychopathic convicts are to kill, rape or assault again, they said probation officers and judges should set little or no store by such tests.

Sep 30, 2013

Oncologists call for industry-led global fund to fight cancer

AMSTERDAM, Sept 30 (Reuters) – The world faces a rapidly
growing burden of cancer which will overwhelm governments unless
the medical and pharma industry takes the lead on a
multi-billion dollar private-public fund, oncologists said on
Monday.

In a report on how rates of cancer diagnosis and death are
rising across the world while access to diagnosis and treatment
is extremely patchy, experts described the economics of the
problem as daunting and current financing models as broken.

Sep 29, 2013

Roche immunotherapy drug may be ‘game changer’ in lung cancer

AMSTERDAM (Reuters) – An experimental Roche drug that seems to work particularly well against lung cancer in smokers may be a “game changer” for these normally difficult-to-treat patients, researchers said on Sunday.

Presenting detailed data from an early-stage trial of the drug, called MPDL3280A, in patients with a form of the disease called non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), investigators said what they had found was “great news for lung cancer patients”.

    • About Kate

      "I cover health and science news for the region of Europe, Middle East and Africa -- from flu pandemics to the newest planetary discovery to the latest drug and research developments. I joined Reuters in 1993 and worked in London, Amsterdam and Frankfurt before moving to BBC television to work on European politics for Newsnight for 2 years. Since returning to Reuters, I have also worked as a parliamentary correspondent in Westminster and on the main news desk of the London bureau."
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