AMSTERDAM (Reuters) – European governments should divert funds to routine bowel cancer tests from less effective breast and prostate screening programs, scientists said on Saturday, presenting what they called “irrefutable” evidence that bowel screening saves lives.
Many governments devote significant funds to breast cancer screening, but studies in recent years have found that routine breast mammograms can also lead to so-called “over-diagnosis” when tests pick up tumors that would not have caused a problem.
AMSTERDAM, Sept 27 (Reuters) – A new generation of drugs
designed to trigger the immune system to fight cancer is
offering the prospect of a “clinical cure” for some melanoma
skin cancer patients who until a few years ago were more likely
to be facing a swift death.
Cancer specialists gathering for a European conference at
the weekend said the so-called immunotherapy drugs, a class led
by Bristol-Myers Squibb’s Yervoy, or ipilimumab, have
transformed an area of oncology in which until recently doctors
barely had time to get to know their patients.
LONDON (Reuters) – The global rate of HIV infection and the number of AIDS-related deaths have been dramatically reduced, thanks to expanding access to treatment, the United Nations said in a report issued on Monday.
In its annual update on HIV, which it said now infects around 35.3 million people worldwide, UNAIDS said deaths from AIDS and HIV infection rates were falling, while the number of people getting treatment is going up.
LONDON (Reuters) – Valerie Curtis is fascinated by faeces. And by vomit, pus, urine, maggots and putrid flesh. It is not the oozing, reeking substances themselves that play on her mind, but our response to them and what it can teach us.
The doctor of anthropology and expert on hygiene and behaviour says disgust governs our lives – dictating what we eat, wear, buy, and even how we vote and who we desire.
LONDON (Reuters) – Genetic analysis of samples of the deadly MERS virus that has killed 58 people in the Middle East and Europe shows the disease has jumped from animals to humans several times, scientists said on Friday.
At least 132 people have been infected with the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) coronavirus since it emerged about a year ago, and it has killed 58 of them, according to the World Health Organisation.
LONDON (Reuters) – Scientists have identified a gene which they say may have the ability to prevent HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, from spreading after it enters the body.
In an early-stage study in the journal Nature, researchers said the gene, called MX2, appears to play a key role in how HIV is controlled in human cells, so using it could lead to the development of new, less toxic treatments that harness the body’s natural defenses and mobilize them against the virus.
LONDON (Reuters) – Despite fears to the contrary, children who live near nuclear power plants have no greater risk of developing leukaemia or a type of cancer known as non-Hodgkin lymphoma, according to a large British study published on Friday.
Researchers who studied some 10,000 children aged under 5 and analyzed birth records for nearly every case of childhood leukaemia in Britain from 1962 to 2007 found no apparent extra risk from living near an atomic power station.
LONDON, Sept 12 (Reuters) – The world’s biggest funder of
the fight against AIDS, tuberculosis (TB) and malaria said on
Thursday it needs $15 billion over the next three years to begin
bringing “the three big global pandemics” under control.
In a report released ahead of a pledging conference later
this year, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria said
timely investments could avert $47 billion in extra treatment
costs and save millions of lives, but warned that acting too
late would mean missing important opportunities.
LONDON (Reuters) – Tobacco inflicts huge damage on the health of India’s people and could be clocking up a death toll of 1.5 million a year by 2020 if more users are not persuaded to kick the habit, an international report said on Thursday.
Despite having signed up to a global treaty on tobacco control and having numerous anti-tobacco and smoke-free laws, India is failing to implement them effectively, leaving its people vulnerable to addiction and ill health, according to the report by the International Tobacco Control Project (ITCP).
LONDON (Reuters) – Scientists have succeeded in generating new stem cells in living mice and say their success opens up possibilities for the regeneration of damaged tissue in people with conditions ranging from heart failure to spinal cord injury.
The researchers used the same “recipe” of growth-boosting ingredients normally used for making stem cells in a petri dish, but introduced them instead into living laboratory mice and found they were able to create so-called reprogrammed induced pluripotent stem cells (iPS cells).