LONDON, Aug 21 (Reuters) – Rates of tuberculosis (TB) in
Britain are among the highest in western Europe and London is
struggling to shed its status as the “TB capital” of the region,
according to data released on Wednesday.
If trends of infection continue, within two years Britain is
likely to have more new cases of TB each year than the United
States, according a report from the government’s health agency,
Public Health England (PHE).
LONDON, Aug 15 (Reuters) – Europe is facing a
multi-billion-euro time bomb of rising costs to control
tuberculosis (TB) as drug-resistant forms of the lung disease
spread, a pioneering study found.
Often thought of as a disease of the past or one restricted
to marginalised communities, TB is already inflicting annual
direct costs of more than 500 million euros on the region and
another 5.3 billion euros in productivity losses.
LONDON (Reuters) – The extent of “folds” on the outer layer of the brain could give doctors a clue as to how well people suffering problems such as hallucinations or delusions will respond to antipsychotic drugs.
Researchers using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of people with psychosis identified patterns of folds in the brain that could act as markers of whether a patient’s symptoms will be eased by medication.
LONDON (Reuters) – Researchers in Britain have set out the first comprehensive map of mutational processes behind the development of tumors – work that should in future lead to better ways to treat and prevent a wide range of cancers.
In a study published in the journal Nature on Wednesday, researchers who analyzed more than 7,000 genomes, or genetic codes, of common forms of cancer uncovered 21 so-called “signatures” of processes that mutate DNA.
LONDON, Aug 8 (Reuters) – People infected with a deadly
virus that emerged in Saudi Arabia last year may have caught it
from one-humped camels, used in the region for meat, milk,
transport and racing.
In a study into what kind of animal “reservoir” may be
fuelling the outbreak in humans, scientists said they had found
strong evidence it is widespread among dromedary camels in the
LONDON (Reuters) – Scientists are to create mutant forms of the H7N9 bird flu virus that has emerged in China so they can gauge the risk of it becoming a lethal human pandemic.
The genetic modification work will to result in highly transmissible and deadly forms of H7N9 being made in several high security laboratories around the world, but it is vital to prepare for the threat, the scientists say.
LONDON (Reuters) – The first scientific analysis of probable human-to-human transmission of a deadly new strain of bird flu that emerged in China this year gives the strongest evidence yet that the H7N9 virus can pass between people, scientists said on Wednesday.
Research published in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) analyzing a family cluster of cases of H7N9 infection in eastern China found it was very likely the virus “transmitted directly from the index patient (a 60-year-old man) to his daughter.”
LONDON, Aug 6 (Reuters) – Scientists studying girls with the
eating disorder anorexia have found they show a mild echo of the
characteristics of autism – a finding which could point to new
ways of helping anorexics overcome their illness.
A study by the leading autism expert Simon Baron-Cohen at
Cambridge University’s Autism Research Centre found that
compared to typical girls, those with anorexia have an
above-average number of autistic traits.
LONDON (Reuters) – The world’s first laboratory-grown beef burger was flipped out of a petri dish and into a frying pan on Monday, with food tasters declaring it tasted “close to meat”.
Grown in-vitro from cattle stem cells at a cost of 250,000 euros ($332,000), the burger was cooked and eaten in front of television cameras to gain the greatest media coverage for the culmination of a five-year science experiment.
LONDON, Aug 2 (Reuters) – A corner of west London will see
culinary and scientific history made on Monday when scientists
cook and serve up the world’s first lab-grown beef burger.
The in-vitro burger, cultured from cattle stem cells, the
first example of what its creator says could provide an answer
to global food shortages and help combat climate change, will be
fried in a pan and tasted by two volunteers.