LONDON, April 28 (Reuters) – Black Americans who switched to
a high-fibre African diet for just two weeks saw a dramatic drop
in risk factors for colon cancer, a study published on Tuesday
A group of Africans who went the other way and started
eating American food rich in animal proteins and fats saw their
risks rise over the same short period, according to the paper in
the journal Nature Communications.
LONDON, April 24 (Reuters) – The world’s first malaria
vaccine, made by GlaxoSmithKline, could be approved by
international regulators for use in Africa from October after
final trial data showed it offered partial protection for up to
The shot, called RTS,S and designed for children in Africa,
would be the first licensed human vaccine against a parasitic
disease and could help prevent millions of cases of malaria,
which currently kills more than 600,000 people a year.
LONDON, April 21 (Reuters) – Genetic sequence data on two of the deadliest yet most poorly understood viruses are to be made available to researchers worldwide in real time as scientists seek to speed up understanding of Ebola and MERS infections.
The project, led by British scientists with West African and Saudi Arabian collaboration, hopes to encourage laboratories around the world to use the live data — updated as new cases emerge — to find new ways to diagnose and treat the killer diseases, and ideally, ultimately, prevent them.
LONDON (Reuters) – The brains of babies “light up” in a similar way to adults when exposed to the same painful stimulus, suggesting they feel pain much like adults do, researchers said on Tuesday.
In the first of its kind study using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), scientists from Britain’s Oxford University found that 18 of the 20 brain regions active in adults experiencing pain were also active in babies.
LONDON (Reuters) – Two new studies looking at whether electronic cigarettes help smokers to quit their deadly habit have found that while some of them can, it depends on the type and how often it is used.
The research — welcomed by experts in a field marked by a dearth of good scientific evidence and intense lobbying — suggests daily use of so-called “tank” e-cigarettes, designed to be refilled with nicotine-containing liquids, is most likely to help smokers quit.
LONDON, April 21 (Reuters) – Mindfulness-based cognitive
therapy (MBCT) may be just as effective as anti-depressants in
helping prevent people with chronic depression from relapsing,
scientists said on Tuesday.
Depression is one of the most common forms of mental
illness, affecting more than 350 million people worldwide. It is
ranked by the World Health Organization as the leading cause of
LONDON (Reuters) – The Ebola virus causing a devastating epidemic in West Africa is far more deadly in children than in adults, killing around 90 percent of babies under one who become infected, researchers said on Wednesday.
A study led by scientists at the World Health Organization (WHO) and Imperial College London found that, although infection rates are lower in children than adults, babies and toddlers who get the disease have a far slimmer chance of survival.
LONDON (Reuters) – Britain issued new guidance on Tuesday for doctors treating severely or terminally ill children, strongly advising that children’s own views on whether they want to live or die should be taken into account.
The guidelines, from Britain’s Royal College of Paediatrics and Child health, will be watched carefully around the world, experts said, since Britain is one of the few countries to have a framework to help doctors decide if and when to withdraw life-sustaining treatment from a child.
LONDON, March 20 (Reuters) – Herds of African cattle may
hold the secret to new ways of fighting parasitic diseases like
malaria, which kills some 600,000 people a year, scientists said
The researchers from the University of Edinburgh found that
cows are protected from a parasite that causes a deadly disease
called East Coast Fever if they have previously been infected
with a closely-related but milder species of the parasite.
LONDON (Reuters) – The World Health Organization warned on Friday of a risk of outbreaks of measles, whooping cough and other diseases in West African countries hit by Ebola and urged a rapid intensification of routine immunizations.
The Ebola epidemic has killed more than 10,200 people, mostly in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, and has reduced vaccination coverage as health clinics and healthcare workers focused on fighting the unprecedented outbreak.