LONDON (Reuters) – People caught up in a nuclear disaster are more likely to suffer severe psychological disorders such as depression and post-traumatic stress disorder rather than any harm from radiation, scientists said on Friday.
Factors such as having to evacuate homes or simply fear contribute to the trauma, the scientists said in studies published in The Lancet to mark the 70th anniversary of the U.S. atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
LONDON, July 27 (Reuters) – Health officials were
investigating two suspected cases of the Middle Eastern
Respiratory Virus Syndrome (MERS) on Monday at a hospital in
northern England that briefly closed its emergency department.
The two suspected patients at Manchester Royal Infirmary
were placed in isolation, but there was no significant risk to
others at the hospital or to the general public, Central
Manchester University Hospitals Trust said.
LONDON, July 24 (Reuters) – The world’s first malaria
vaccine got a green light on Friday from European drugs
regulators who recommended it should be licensed for use in
babies in Africa at risk of the mosquito-borne disease.
The shot, called RTS,S or Mosquirix and developed by British
drugmaker GlaxoSmithKline in partnership with the PATH Malaria
Vaccine Initiative, would be the first licensed human vaccine
against a parasitic disease and could help prevent millions of
cases of malaria in countries that use it.
LONDON, (Reuters) – Nigeria marked its first year without a single case of polio on Friday, reaching a milestone many experts had thought would elude it as internal conflict hampered the battle against the crippling disease.
It means the country could come off the list of countries where polio is endemic in a few weeks, once the World Health Organization (WHO) can confirm that the last few samples taken from people in previously affected areas are free of the virus.
LONDON, July 22 (Reuters) – Global health experts called on Wednesday for the creation of a $2 billion vaccine development fund to feed a pipeline of potential new shots against priority killer diseases like Ebola, MERS and the West Nile virus.
The fund would help bridge the gap between early stage drug discovery work carried out at universities and small biotech firms, and the late stage development and large-scale clinical trials needed to get a new vaccine to market.
LONDON (Reuters) – Nearly 6,000 British school children are to take part in a major trial designed to assess whether mindfulness training for teenagers can improve their mental health.
Mindfulness is based on the idea of being more aware of the present by intentionally focusing on emotions, thoughts and sensations and viewing them with acceptance. Advocates say this understanding helps people to respond in ways that are more purposeful, rather than reacting on “automatic pilot”.
LONDON (Reuters) – Two new Ebola vaccine trials began on Wednesday with volunteers in Britain, France and Senegal getting “prime-boost” immunizations developed by Bavarian Nordic, GlaxoSmithKline and Johnson & Johnson.
The mid-stage, or Phase II, trials are designed primarily to test the vaccines’ safety, but will also assess whether they provoke an immune response against the deadly virus.
LONDON, July 14 (Reuters) – It’s a showpiece drug that has
the potential to end a disease that kills half a million African
children a year. Yet even before it wins a licence, the world’s
first malaria vaccine has lost some of its sheen.
Backed by billionaire philanthropist Bill Gates and
developed by GlaxoSmithKline, the vaccine — called RTS,S or
Mosquirix — is being assessed by regulators and global health
LONDON, July 10 (Reuters) – In research that turns on its head previous thinking about links between schizophrenia and smoking, scientists say they have found that cigarettes may be a causal factor in the development of psychosis.
After analyzing almost 15,000 tobacco users and 273,000 non users and their relative rates of psychosis – where patients can experience delusions, paranoia and hear voices in their heads – the researchers said cigarette smoking appears to increase risk.
LONDON, July 9 (Reuters) – An oral vaccine has reduced cases
of severe cholera by nearly 40 percent in a key trial in
Bangladeshi slums, suggesting the shot could be used routinely
to help endemic countries control the life-threatening disease.
In the first real-life trial of the vaccine, called Shanchol
and recommended by the World Health Organisation (WHO),
researchers said it proved safe, easy to administer and
relatively inexpensive at $1.85 per dose.