Following the proceedings of the News Corp annual general meeting, one can’t help but think of the proverbial definition of insanity: doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result.
I’m not talking about Rupert Murdoch. He’s been doing the same thing for years and always getting the result he wanted. He comes away from yet another AGM with the dual roles of CEO and chairman firmly in hand. Also, the dual voting stock structure remains so that, though Rupert Murdoch and his family own approximately 12 percent of the shares, they hold 40 percent of the voting power. In essence, Rupert Murdoch and his family control the decisions and destiny of the company relatively unchallenged. Both Rupert Murdoch and News Corp board member Viet Dinh made abundantly clear during the board meeting that this was not going to change. Though the company has gone through the motions of appointing new independent directors, the choices suggest a not-so-subtle sense of humor: One of the new independent directors is the former president of Colombia, Alvaro Uribe, who was embroiled in a wiretapping scandal of his own.
No, what makes me think of this definition of insanity is the behavior of investors. For the past couple of years, a growing number of institutional investors have expressed concerns over Rupert Murdoch’s holding the role of CEO and chairman and the dual voting stock. Several of the largest and most well-regarded investors in the world have challenged the structure of the company and its corporate governance – and have been completely disregarded. This year California Public Employees’ Retirement System (CalPERS) and the California State Teachers’ Retirement System (CalSTRS), joined by the Florida State Board of Administration, UK pension fund Hermes, and several other large institutions, put forward resolutions, and spoke up at the AGM about dual shares and in support of appointing an independent chairman. These suggestions were unceremoniously swatted away.
In most cases institutional investors at this level of clout and voting power would be able to have some sway. Often they are the only ones who have real power to effect change in organizations. In this case, with the dual share structure, their concerns are easily ignored with little or no negative repercussions, except for some bad press and tsk-tsking.
There is no doubt that News Corp has been profitable – the shares have risen 40 percent this year, bringing an impressive return on the institutions’ investment. But it raises a larger question about principle: If the institutions cannot effect change at News Corp, and they feel strongly about the issues they raise about corporate governance – and by extension, about ethical concerns about the organization’s behavior – what is to be done? Is it time for them to decide that principle and long-term concerns over the stability of the company trump short-term profit?