Sweden’s Riksbank left its negative interest rate steady at -0.35 percent on Wednesday and increased its bond purchase programme by another 65 billion crowns (just under 7 billion euros). It also said it could cut rates again if needed.
For the European Central Bank, digging deeper into quantitative easing may be the only policy option left, now that growth in bank lending to businesses is stalling again.
Swapping Frankfurt for the milder climes of the Med, ECB policy-makers meeting in the Maltese capital Valletta today are expected to keep the door open for more monetary stimulus but stop short of giving it, awaiting more evidence on the outlook for euro zone inflation. The Bank has got some outside help recently in the form of a slight rebound in oil prices, while the expected delay in the Fed’s rate hike also buys it some time. Yet the growth outlook is still poor – witness the German Finance Ministry’s overnight assessment of the impact of China’s slowdown on the euro zone’s top economy – and the euro is still a bit too strong for the ECB’s liking. December’s publication of the ECB’s staff forecasts may be the moment when the arguments for action become louder.
After months of speculation and delay, the chances the U.S. Federal Reserve raises interest rates this year are only 60 percent, according to Goldman Sachs chief U.S. economist Jan Hatzius.
China GDP releases are starting to look like near-perfect landings each and every time, in all kinds of weather conditions and visibility.
European Union leaders have offered Turkey a possible 3 billion euros in aid, the prospect of easier travel visas and “re-energised” talks on membership in return for its help stemming the flow of migrants to Europe. This is all a pretty good win for Turkey’s Tayyip Erdogan two weeks before the early elections he hopes will cement his authority. And what about the EU’s oft-stated concerns over human rights in Turkey? Doused by realpolitik. “In our neighbourhood, we are not asking any more for fundamental rights after the Arab Spring,” said one EU official. “We are asking for stability.”
The global economic slowdown shows a clear risk of extending into next year, along with an even more prolonged period of disinflation, according to the overwhelming majority of nearly 300 economists polled by Reuters around the world.