MacroScope

Euro zone survival is in the eye of the beholder

Despite all their years of experience and complex mathematical models, for economists the question of the euro zone’s survival really has them at the mercy of national bias… at least in terms of where their employer is based.

One of the key points from the latest Reuters poll was that a majority of economists from banks and research houses around the world – 37 out of 59 – expect the euro zone to survive in its current form for the next 12 months.

But behind that headline figure, the answers were skewed heavily by region.

Only 5 out of 24 economists from organisations based inside the euro zone thought it would fail to survive in its present 17-nation form over the next 12 months.

But nearly half (17 out of 35) of those employed by institutions based outside the euro zone – British, North American, Scandinavian or Swiss – expected to see at least one country leave the currency union over the next year.

“Will the euro zone survive in its current form for the next 12 months?” sounds like a scientific question. But clearly the answer depends at least partly on the locale of an economist’s employer, rather than economics.

from Jeremy Gaunt:

Why is the euro still strong?

One of the more bizarre aspects of the euro zone crisis is that the currency in question -- the euro -- has actually not had that bad a year, certainly against the dollar. Even with Greece on the brink and Italy sending ripples of fear across financial markets, the single currency is still up  1.4 percent against the greenback for the year to date.

There are lots of reasons for this. The dollar is subject to its country's own debt crisis, negligible interest rates and various forms of quantitative easing money printing -- all of which weaken FX demand. There is also some evidence that euro investors are bring their money home, as the super-low yields on 10-year German bonds attest.

Finally -- and this is a bit of a stretch -- some investors reckon that if a hard core euro emerges from the current debacle, it could be a buy. Thanos Papasavvas, head of currency management at Investec Asset Management, says:

from Jeremy Gaunt:

Democracy and Chaos are both Greek

It seems as if almost everyone was surprised by Prime Minister George Papandreou's decision to hold a referendum on the euro zone's bailout package for his country. At the very least, it can probably be said that he is weary of being hammered from all sides --  his own party, the opposition, the people on the street, Germany, the tabloid press, you name it.

A lot will obviously depend on what question is asked. Do you want an end to austerity, would get a clear yes vote. Do you want to leave the euro zone -- perhaps not.

Financial markets, however, do not initially appear content to wait.  Talk of an end-of-year rally is off the table (at least for now).  It's not exactly χάος (chaos) out there, but Papandreou's  experiment  in δημοκρατία (democracy) has sent the whole euro zone project into a new, risky phase.

Live from Muscat

Watch below for live blogging from Muscat for the GCC policymakers’ meeting. Just place your cursor on the page (you don’t have to click) and wait for the count down.

GCC Oman meeting

Oman get-together for Gulf policymakers

Having met only two weeks ago in Abu Dhabi, followed by Istanbul, finance ministers and central bank governors from the Gulf are now congregating in Muscat, setting the agenda for the Gulf rulers’ summit in Kuwait next month.

The meeting is set to focus on the monetary union — facing challenges after the UAE followed Oman in withdrawing from the plan for the euro-style single currency bloc.

Most of the participants –  who also include  number of key Gulf commercial bank chiefs and Dominic Strauss-Kahn, head of the IMF — are here for less than 24 hours though. They are meeting for dinner tonight in the luxury seaside hotel set in a bay surrounded by rugged mountains, once a paradise for treasure smugglers. 

Falling out of the euro zone?

The periphery economies of the euro zone are suddenly in the spotlight.  Credit rating agency Standard & Poor’s has cut its outlook on Ireland’s sovereign debt to negative. It worries that fiscal measures to recapitalise banks and boost the economy might not improve competitiveness, diversity and growth — all making it harder to manage debt.

Next came Greece. S&P basically put the country on watch with a negative bias. The global financial crisis has increased the risk of a difficult and long-lasting struggle to keep the Greek economy on track, it said.

All this is a long, long way from the unravelling of the euro zone — it just got a new member, Slovakia, after all. But the subject has been raised. Gary Dugan, chief investment officer of Merrill Lynch’s wealth management arm, told a group of reporters in London recently that he expected political calls to quit the currency to be heard in some member countries as the global recession bites. He added that it wouldn’t happen, but that the talk could weaken the euro.