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Oh Mr. Gates, how the time flies!

June 27, 2008

Paul Allen (left) and Bill Gates Oct. 19, 1981

1975

Microsoft (then spelled “Micro Soft”) is founded by William “Bill” Gates, a 20-year-old Harvard dropout, and Paul Allen, his 22-year-old school chum. They begin selling its first product, a BASIC programming language interpreter.

1980The IBM Personal Computer (1981)

Microsoft signs an agreement to build the operating system that became known as MS-DOS for IBM’s new personal computer, which was launched in 1981. Microsoft was allowed to license the operating system to others, spawning an industry of “IBM-compatible” machines dependent on Microsoft software.

1983

February: Paul Allen, ill with Hodgkin’s disease, resigns from active management of the company but remains on the board of directors.

1986

March 13: Microsoft’s stock goes public with an initial price of $21 a share, closing the first day of trading at $28. Revenue for its previous fiscal year (which ended June 1985) $140.4 million.

1989

August: Microsoft introduces earliest version of its “Office” software suite, which includes the popular word processing program “Word”. Today, the company says it has more than 500 million users.

Gates in 19871990

June: The U.S. Federal Trade Commission begins a secret probe focusing on possible collusion between Microsoft and IBM. Microsoft remains under the microscope of regulators for another 18 years.

1992

January: Gates, 32, is named the richest American, with more than $6.5 billion, thanks to his one-third stake in Microsoft.

1993Microsoft Bob, an animated help tool

June: A federal judge rules in favor of Microsoft, ending 63 months of litigation by Apple Computer Inc., which charged that Windows copied the look and feel of its Macintosh computers.

August: After the FTC deadlocks twice on the issue, the Justice Department announces it has taken over the Microsoft investigation, which now focuses on its business practices.

1995

January: Microsoft unveil one of it more celebrated flops, a software companion called “Bob”.

July: Gates is named the world’s wealthiestGates speaking at the launch of Microsoft Windows 95 in Redmond, Wash. Aug. 24, 1995. man for the first time with an estimated worth of $12.9 billion.

August: Microsoft launches Windows 95 with a marketing blitz five times bigger than any of its previous efforts. Experts say the system offers no technological breakthrough but adds features enjoyed for years by users of the rival Apple system.

1999

Microsoft added to the Dow Jones Industrial Average. Its revenue for the fiscal year ending in June reaches $19.75 billion.

2000Gates and Ballmer spoof the film “The Matrix”, November 2003

January: Steve Ballmer named to succeed Gates as CEO. Gates remains Chairman.

June: At an event with university students in Tokyo, Gates is asked what more he wanted in life. He promptly replies, “privacy.”

2001

Bill Gates unveils new Xbox video game console during his keynote address at the Consumer Electronics Show in Las VegasMay: Microsoft launches Windows XP operating system.

November: Microsoft jumps into the interactive game business with the launch of the Xbox , taking on rivals such as Sony and Nintendo. Its most important day-of-release game, “Halo: Combat Evolved”, is a huge hit, helping to drive Xbox sales, and eventually sells more than 5 million copies

2003

February: Microsoft shares split for the 9th time. One original share is now equal to 288 shares.

Microsoft stock chart, via Google Finance2006

June: Gates says he will transition out of a day-to-day role in the company in July 2008. Steve Ballmer is the companies top decision maker; Ray Ozzie steps up to be Chief Software Architect.

2007

January: Microsoft launches “Vista” , the latest version of its ubiquitous Windows operating system software, in 70 countries, and expects it to be installed on over 100 million PCs worldwide. Influential Wall Street Journal columnist Walt Mossberg, in his review of Vista, called it a “worthy, but largely unexciting, product.”

2008

January: Ballmer makes a $44.6 billion takeover offer to Yahoo’s board. Yahoo later rejects the offer, setting off a lengthy battle over the future of Yahoo.

March: While still wealthier than many nations, Gates falls to third on the list of Earth’s richest man, behind famed investor Warren Buffet and telecoms tycoon Carlos Slim. Forbes magazine estimates Gates wealth at $58 billion.

June 27: Bill Gates steps down out of a day-to-day role in the company, to focus on philanthropy. He still holds nearly a 9 percent stake in Microsoft, and remains its biggest shareholder. Since 2000, Microsoft’s stock has fallen 52 percent.

 

(Photos: From Reuters, Microsoft.com, Flickr, Google Finance)

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