MuniLand

Profligate Republicans and prudent Democrats

If you need more evidence that Republicans are no longer the party of fiscal prudence and that the Democrats are no longer out-of-control spendthrifts, take a look at two recent tax plans from the governors of New Jersey and Maryland. In an overture that primarily benefits the richest residents of New Jersey, Republican Governor Chris Christie has proposed cutting his state’s income taxes by 10 percent across the board, even though his state desperately needs revenue. At the other end of the spectrum, Maryland’s Democratic governor, Martin O’Malley, has proposed fading out deductions and exemptions for the richest taxpayers in his state, effectively raising their tax rates.

Maryland’s credit rating is a sterling AAA. In contrast, New Jersey is rated in the bottom tier of states for credit quality. Christie is further destabilizing New Jersey’s fiscal condition by reducing the amount of revenue without corresponding reductions in expenses. A profligate Republican state and a prudent Democratic one — isn’t it supposed to be the other way around?

In some of the best local political journalism that I’ve seen (watch the fantastic video), New Jersey’s Star-Ledger reported that Governor Christie’s proposed 10 percent income tax reduction has practically no chance of passage. The Star-Ledger editorial page editor, Tom Moran, speculated that Christie’s action was either a legislative bargaining chip or an act of pandering to the national press. Democrat Loretta Weinberg, the New Jersey senate majority leader, pointed out that a millionaire would get about $7,200 in relief under Christie’s plan, while a family earning $50,000 a year would get about $80. Meanwhile, the tax cut would cost the state about $1 billion.

New Jersey’s fiscal house is a mess. In particular the state’s public pension plan is significantly underfunded, and New Jersey paid only 14 percent of its required pension contribution this year. Maryland, which is a AAA credit, made 84 percent of its required pension contributions this year, according to Pew Center on the States.

We’ve known for a while now that broad caricatures of party philosophies have been spun contrary to the facts. For example, Republican President George W. Bush raised federal spending as a percentage of U.S. GDP from 18.2 percent in 2001 to 24.7 percent of 2009. This massive government expansion came alongside a reduction in taxes. Now the federal government is starved for revenues, and our national debt grows bigger and bigger. New Jersey seems to be on a similar path.

Geeks for democracy

Geeks for democracy

“How do you enable people to have a louder voice within their communities?” asks Conor White-Sullivan. He answered his own question by developing Localocracy, a platform that hosts community-focused discussion boards seeking participants who are registered to vote and who use their real names. Localocracy gives citizens an opportunity to generate discussions to influence each other, their government and journalists.

Conor is one of 16 winners of “Champions of Change,” a contest the White House hosted in June that showcased the potential of Web apps that utilize data sets made available by federal, state and local agencies. Developers who were chosen to attend created applications that enable users to find and organize pick-up games at public facilities, guide citizens through zoning ordinances and direct parents to child-friendly locations, as well as numerous other services. See more of this wonderful project at GovTech.com.

Jefferson County part 6

According to the Birmingham News the court-appointed receiver over the Jefferson County sewer system, John S. Young, announced late Wednesday that the bondholders had a counter-proposal for the county commission. This was a few short hours before the commission’s 1:00pm meeting today to decide to declare bankruptcy.

Proximity to the madness

More alarms are ringing in muniland today. Moody’s issued a statement announcing that it was putting on review five states which have Aaa ratings. Aaa is Moody’s highest rating, and the agency is concerned that knock-on effects from the federal government could weaken the ratings of these states.

I made this chart detailing the specific rationale Moody’s used for each state from the statement they released today. Note that states which have a large dependence on federal jobs and contracts dominate the list. ————– Sensitivity to natl trends Fed workers as % of employment Fed contracts as % of state GDP Medicaid as high % of budget Low rainy day fund Maryland *** *** New Mexico *** *** *** South Carolina *** *** *** Tennessee *** *** *** *** Virginia *** *** *** ***

 

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