A note to New York Fed President William Dudley

By Cate Long
December 10, 2013

Dear President Dudley:

Although it is a longstanding policy of the Federal Reserve not to intervene in the finances of state and local governments, it may be time to reconsider this policy in the case of Puerto Rico. A member of your board of directors, Richard Carrión the CEO and Chairman of Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, wrote to The Economist about the state of Puerto Rico’s finances:

Puerto Rico’s new liquidity providers

By Cate Long
November 13, 2013

 

There are plenty of stories about how hedge funds are being lured into buy Puerto Rico debt by big dealers. The Wall Street Journal wrote about hedge funds buying distressed debt. Bloomberg reported that Morgan Stanley, Citigroup and Lazard are holding information sessions for hedge funds to learn about Puerto Rico debt. A trader passed me the presentation from the Citi meeting. It was a detailed explanation of the seniority of Puerto Rico debt and the legal covenants and trading history of specific Puerto Rico issuers and authorities. I would guess Morgan Stanley and Lazard did an equally good job on the background for their clients.

Should China build a muni market?

By Cate Long
October 22, 2013

Reuters reported on the possibility that China’s government will take the next step in building a municipal bond market. It seems that local governments in China have accumulated a lot of debt and it needs to moved off their books. From Reuters:

Puerto Rico unveils a plan

By Cate Long
October 16, 2013

 

Puerto Rico’s top public officials held a two-hour conference call on Tuesday that was open to all investors. That may have been a first for the Commonwealth. Previous calls and conferences had been relatively restrictive in who was admitted. The yields on Puerto Rico’s debt have skyrocketed and the Commonwealth’s access into the public debt markets has been basically shut down. The open conference call was a good change of approach.

Diluting the MSRB

By Cate Long
August 20, 2013

Muniland’s overseer, the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board, has a big job keeping the $3.7 trillion municipal bond market in order. The MSRB was first authorized by Congress in 1975 and mandated to have 5 securities firms, 5 bank dealers and 5 public members. It was nonetheless dominated by the views of bank and dealer members, rarely undertaking investor protection initiatives. There was minimal oversight of municipal bond trading and underwriting practices as dealer banks were steering the ship.

The looming battle between Chicago and Illinois

By Cate Long
August 7, 2013

 

The bankruptcy filing of Detroit has thrust the fiscal health of America’s cities into the spotlight. This is a good thing, because a number of U.S. cities are facing similar problems: Declining populations, rising costs, heavy pension burdens and thin budgets.

Puerto Rico tweets about bankruptcy

By Cate Long
June 21, 2013

The twitter handle for Puerto Rico’s executive branch is @fortalezapr. Here are some of the tweets from Thursday:

Is the U.S. Treasury bailing out Puerto Rico?

By Cate Long
June 17, 2013

Puerto Rico budget negotiations for fiscal 2014 are in the final stretch for the year’s July 1 start date. A massive $1.5 billion difference between spending and revenues must be closed. Discussion has included expanding the commonwealth’s sales tax to services and transactions between businesses. Local businesses fought hard against this proposal, and eventually, Governor Garcia Padilla switched focus. Reuters explains:

Detroit’s 10 cents-on-the-dollar meme

By Cate Long
June 14, 2013

Detroit’s emergency manager, Kevyn Orr, held his big creditor meeting today and presented his Proposal For Creditors Powerpoint (PDF) for how he would like to treat the city’s liabilities. The mainstream media is running with the story that Orr’s proposal will give creditors 10 cents on the dollar, but the proposal is far from having those terms.

Puerto Rico Government Development Bank’s clogged balance sheet

By Cate Long
June 14, 2013

The Puerto Rico Government Development Bank (GDB) has indicated that it could sell up to $2 billion of bonds this year to refinance loans it made to the Puerto Rico Highway and Transportation Authority (PRHTA). These loans on the GDB balance sheet comprise about 24 percent of the GDB’s assets. The PRHTA is a money-losing operation with $4.7 billion of its own debt outstanding. If the GDB is successful in moving these loans off its balance sheet, then the PRHTA could be carrying up to $6.7 billion in debt on a very shaky revenue base.