The SEC released its long-awaited report on muniland disclosure and price transparency yesterday. Ten years from now, every retail investor will want to say a word of thanks to Commissioner Elisse Walter, even if only half her recommendations on transparency and investor protection are implemented. Unfortunately, her term as SEC commissioner expires June 5, 2013, which leaves her less than a year to get the ball rolling on her proposals.
For openness in finances, debt management and budget process, Massachusetts is the gold standard among states. The legislature and executive branch have collaboratively embraced a five-year budgeting process and committed to sharing the results with taxpayers and the public. Because of the state’s efforts to reach out to the investing community, I predict that its transparency will lead to lower borrowing costs and more stable funding sources in the future. The state is rated AA+ by credit rating agencies for creditworthiness, but I’ll assign it the highest rating, AAA, for transparency.
Disclosure is the beat
On Tuesday at the SIFMA Muni Bond Summit in New York, much of the discussion by bond market participants related to transparency and disclosure issues. A lot of this was in response to new requirements in Dodd-Frank, but there was also an acknowledgement that many problems in the crisis of 2007-2009 came from a lack of information and data in many parts of the market. For example small municipal issuers had more trouble accessing the bond market to issue new bonds if their public reporting was deficient or out of date.
Among the proposals made by President Obama in his jobs speech last night was his call for the federal government to fund the costs of public school teachers, firemen, policemen and first responders fully. This appears to be the only direct cash subsidy for jobs in his plan.
I dialed into a press conference today held by U.S. Congressman Brad Miller, a Democrat from North Carolina. He wanted to share his views on the suits filed by the Federal Housing Financing Agency (FHFA) against 17 banks over recovery on fraudulently misrepresented subprime mortgages. FHFA is seeking to cover losses on approximately $200 billion of mortgages purchased by Fannie and Freddie prior to their takeover by the government in the summer of 2008. Taxpayers have already covered $140 billion of FHFA losses from these bad mortgages and the amount is expected to go much higher.
It is hard to make comparisons between different states’ data on public schooling because each one is faced with unique conditions. That said, the data above is pretty striking. The graph shows the public school dropout rate — the percentage of students dropping out annually — and the amount of public money spent per student per year, in thousands of dollars. You can see that there is not a lot of correlation spending and the dropout rate. Spending more doesn’t educate more students.
Regulator wants to require fair dealing
In a far-reaching proposal, the Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board (MSRB) has asked the Securities and Exchange Commission for permission to impose new rules to protect municipalities. These rules would vastly expand the disclosures that dealer underwriters are required to give their municipal clients who issue bonds.
Geeks for democracy
“How do you enable people to have a louder voice within their communities?” asks Conor White-Sullivan. He answered his own question by developing Localocracy, a platform that hosts community-focused discussion boards seeking participants who are registered to vote and who use their real names. Localocracy gives citizens an opportunity to generate discussions to influence each other, their government and journalists.